Jinghu

Jinghu

Infobox Instrument
name= Jinghu
names=


classification=
*Bowed string instrument
range=
related=
* Erhu
* Huqin
The "jinghu" (; pinyin: jīnghú) is a Chinese bowed string instrument in the "huqin" family, used primarily in Beijing opera. It is the smallest and highest pitched instrument in the "huqin" family.

Construction

Like most of its relatives, the "jinghu" has two strings that are customarily tuned to the interval of a fifth which the hair of the non-detachable bow passes in between. The strings were formerly made of silk, but in modern times are increasingly made of steel or nylon. Unlike other "huqin" instruments ("erhu", "gaohu", "zhonghu", etc.) it is made of bamboo. Its cylindrical soundbox is covered with snakeskin on the front (playing) end, which forms a taut drum on which the bridge rests, sandwiched between the drum and the strings, which are connected to a peg at the bottom of the soundbox.

Use

In Beijing opera, the jinghu often doubles the singer's voice. "Jinghu" performers in Beijing opera rarely shift into higher positions, and instead choose to compress the melody into a single octave.

The "jinghu" was also featured prominently in the single "Shinjitsu no Uta" by the Japanese band Do as Infinity. cite web | url = http://www.wu-ru-jun.com/profile/index.html | title = Wu Ru-Jun's biography up to 2003 | accessdate = 2007-12-16 | language = Japanese]

ee also

*Huqin
*Music of China
*Traditional Chinese musical instruments
*String instruments

References

External links

* [http://www.avexnet.or.jp/wu3/profile/index.html Current profile] ja icon of Wu Ru-Jun (Beijing opera musician who played the jinghu in "Shinjitsu no Uta") from his official website. Includes information about parts of a jinghu and Beijing opera.
* [http://blog.sina.com.cn/linzongti Zongti Lin's blog] zh icon A blog of another Beijing opera musician, with videos on the Beijing opera and jinghu lessons.


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