The word presidency is often used to describe the administration or the executive, the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. It is also the governing authority of some churches.

For example, in a republic with a presidential system of government, the presidency is the executive branch of government, and is personified by a single elected man or woman who holds the office of "president". In practice, it includes a much larger collective of people, such as chiefs of staff, advisors and other bureaucrats.

The term is also sometimes used to describe the time period in office held by an individual president. For example, the "presidency of Richard Nixon overlapped many important developments."

Other states and organizations may have other systems, such as a collective presidency. The presidency of the European Union is held on a rotating basis by the various national governments of the member states. The presidency of British crown colonies is held by the office of the United Kingdom colonial secretary.

The "presidency" may also refer to the holder of a non-governmental office of president in a corporation, business, charity, university, etc or to the institutional arrangement around them. For example "the presidency of the Red Cross refused to support his idea."

ee also

*Imperial Presidency
*First Presidency
*Presidencies of British India

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Presidency — Pres i*den*cy, n.; pl. {Presidencies}. [Cf. F. pr[ e]sidence.] 1. The function or condition of one who presides; superintendence; control and care. [1913 Webster] 2. The office of president; as, Washington was elected to the presidency. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • presidency — pres·i·den·cy / pre zə dən sē, ˌden / n pl cies 1 a: the office of president b: the office of president of the U.S.; also: the American governmental institution comprising the office of president and various associated administrative and policy… …   Law dictionary

  • presidency — [prez′i dən sē] n. pl. presidencies [ML praesidentia < L praesidens: see PRESIDENT] 1. the office or function of president 2. the term during which a president is in office ☆ 3. [often P ] the office of President of the U.S. ☆ 4. Mormon Ch …   English World dictionary

  • presidency — (n.) 1590s, from M.L. praesidentia (mid 13c.), from L. praesidens (see PRESIDENT (Cf. president)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • presidency — ► NOUN (pl. presidencies) 1) the office or status of president. 2) the period of this …   English terms dictionary

  • presidency — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ executive ▪ vice (AmE) (vice presidency in BrE) ▪ He became a candidate for the vice presidency. ▪ rotating ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • presidency — n. 1) to gain the presidency 2) a rotating presidency * * * [ prezɪd(ə)nsɪ] a rotating presidency to gain the presidency …   Combinatory dictionary

  • presidency */ — UK [ˈprezɪdənsɪ] / US noun [countable] Word forms presidency : singular presidency plural presidencies the job of being president, or the period of time that someone has this job She worked in the White House throughout the Clinton presidency.… …   English dictionary

  • presidency — [[t]pre̱zɪdənsi[/t]] ♦♦♦ presidencies N COUNT: oft N of n, poss N The presidency of a country or organization is the position of being the president or the period of time during which someone is president. Britain will support him as a candidate… …   English dictionary

  • presidency — noun a) The office or role of president. After many years as a party leader, she finally ascended to the presidency. b) The bureaucratic organization and governmental initiatives devolving directly from the president. Because of the presidents… …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”