- Konrad Duden
Konrad Alexander Friedrich Duden (
January 3, 1829– August 1, 1911) was a Gymnasium (high school) teacher who became a philologist. He founded the well-known German languagedictionary bearing his name Duden.
After receiving his
Abiturin 1846 in Wesel, Duden studied history, Germanistics, and classical philology at Bonn. There he joined the "Wingolfsbund" student organization and took part in the political activities of the student societies during the revolutionary year 1848.
He broke off his training phase in Soest and took a position as a home tutor in
Genoa, Italy. There he met the daughter of the German Consul, Adeline Jakob, whom he married in 1861 and had six children with.
In 1859 he returned to Germany and worked as a teacher and rose to the position of Director of the "Archigymnasium" is Soest. In 1869 he was appointed "Gymnasium" (High-School) director in
Schleizand in 1876 became director of the Royal Gymnasium in Hersfeld. It was here he published his most important work, the "Complete Orthographic Dictionary of the German Language" ("Vollständiges Orthographisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache").
In 1905, he retired to
Wiesbaden/Sonnenberg. He died in 1911 and was buried in the family grave in Bad Hersfeld.
During his entire life he strove his efforts toward the unification and simplification of the German
orthography. His 1880 dictionary represents the start of the Duden series and included 28,000 words on 187 pages. In 1902, the German parliamentary upper house ("Bundesrat") made his rules for orthography mandatory in official state documents. Austria-Hungaryand Switzerlandfollowed.
* "Anleitung zur Rechtschreibung", 18?? (Second Edition, 1878)
* "Die deutsche Rechtschreibung. Abhandlung, Regeln und Wörterverzeichnis", Leipzig 1872 (so-called Schleizer Duden)
* "Vollständiges Orthographisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache", 1880 ISBN 3-446-20478-4
* "Etymologie der neuhochdeutschen Sprache", 1893
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