- Selma Lagerlöf
name = Selma Lagerlöf
imagesize = 175px
caption = Lagerlöf, painted by
Carl Larsson, 1908
birthdate = birth date|1858|11|20|df=y
birthplace = [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] ,
deathdate = death date and age|1940|3|16|1858|11|20|df=y
deathplace = [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] ,
occupation = Writer
nationality = Swedish
awards = awd|
Nobel Prize in Literature|1909
Audio|sv-Selma_Lagerlöf.ogg|Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf // (20 November 1858–16 March 1940) was a Swedish
authorand the first woman writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Known internationally for " Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige" (a story for children, in the most common translation " The Wonderful Adventures of Nils", but the literal translation would be "Nils Holgersson's Wonderful Journey Through Sweden"), she was awarded the Nobel Prizein 1909 "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings."
Born at [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] an estate in
Värmlandin western Sweden, Lagerlöf was the daughter of Lieutenant Erik Gustaf Lagerlöf and Louise Lagerlöf "née" Wallroth, and the couple's fourth child. She grew up isolated from other children. Selma was born with a hip injury, and an early sickness left her lame in both legs, although she later made a remarkable recovery. She was more serious and quiet than her siblings and other children her age as a result of her condition. She was also a gifted child, though, who enjoyed reading -- including her first novel by the age of 7, and the entire Bible by the age of ten.
The forced sale of Mårbacka, following her father's illness in 1884, had a deep impact on Lagerlöf's development.Lagerlöf worked as a country schoolteacher in
Landskronafor nearly 10 years while honing her story-telling skills, with particular focus on the legends she had learned as a child. Through her studies at the Royal Women's Superior Training Academy in Stockholm, Lagerlöf had reacted against the realism of contemporary Swedish-language writers such as Johan Ludvig Runeberg. She began her first novel, "The Story of Gösta Berling," while working as a teacher in Landskrona. Her first break as a writer came when she submitted the first chapters to a literary contest, and won a publishing contract for the whole book.
Lagerlöf's other important works would later include "
The Wonderful Adventures of Nils", "Jerusalem", " The Ring of the Löwenskölds", and "The Treasure". Most of her stories were set in Värmland, though a trip through continental Europeinspired such works as her The Miracles of the Antichrist, set in Sicily. "Jerusalem", which bore the effect of Lagerlöf's visit to a commune in the city of like name (see American Colony), was adapted in 1996 into an internationally acclaimed motion picture. Stories from this book and from her other works were used in film much earlier by Victor Sjöström, the great Swedish cinema pioneer. Sjöström's sensitive retelling of Lagerlöf's tales about rural Swedish life, in which his camera recorded the detail of traditional village life and the Swedish landscape, provided the basis of some of the most poetic and memorable products of early silent cinema.
In 1909 Selma Lagerlöf won the [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1909/index.html Nobel Prize in Literature] "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings". In 1914 she also became a member of the
Swedish Academy, the body that awards the Nobel Prize in literature. At the start of World War II, she sent her Nobel Prizemedal and her gold medal from the Swedish Academy to the government of Finlandto help them raise money to fight the Soviet Union. [ [http://www.mil.fi/perustietoa/talvisota_eng/timer-50.html Talvisota 1939-1940 ] at www.mil.fi] The Finnish government was so touched that it raised the necessary money by other means and returned her medal to her.
She lived in
Sunne, where two hotels are named after her. Her home, Mårbacka, is now preserved as a museum. She wrote a large number of letters to her two partners, Sophie Elkan and Valborg Olander.
Her portrait has been featured on the Swedish 20 krona banknote since 1992.
Gösta Berlings saga(1891) Translated 1911 as "The story of Gösta Berling" and 1933 anew as "Gösta Berling's saga"
Osynliga länkar(1894) "the outlaws"
Antikrists mirakler(1897) "The miracles of Antichrist"
* Jerusalem (1901-02) "The holy city"
Herr Arnes penningar(1903)
Kristuslegender(1904) "Christ Legends"
Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige(1906-07) " The Wonderful Adventures of Nils"
* En saga om en saga och andra sagor (1908)
Kejsarn av Portugallien(1914) "The emperor of Portugallia"
Troll och Människor(1915)
Löwensköldska ringen(1925) "The ring of the Löwenskölds I"
Mårbacka(1926) Velma Swanston Howard (coauthor) and J. J. Lankes(illustration)
Carlotte Löwensköld(1927) "The ring of the Löwenskölds II"
* Anna Svärd (1928) "The ring of the Löwenskölds III"
The Silver Mine
* [http://www.beepworld.de/members12/garbofan2/gosta_berlings_saga.htm All about Greta Garbo and Gösta Berling Saga]
* [http://www.nobel.se/literature/laureates/1909/index.html Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf on Nobelprize.org]
* [http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/lagerlof.htm Pegasos]
* [http://runeberg.org/authors/lagerlof.html Works by Selma Lagerlöf] at
Project Runeberg(In Swedish)
* [http://www.sna.se/Holgersson_100ar_commission.html The background to the writing of "The Wonderful Adventures of Nils"]
* [http://www.sweden.se/templates/cs/CommonPage____18486.aspx Selma Lagerlöf] - Famous Swedes (Sweden.se)
NAME= Lagerlöf, Selma
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Writer
DATE OF BIRTH= 1858-11-20
PLACE OF BIRTH= [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] ,
DATE OF DEATH= 1940-3-16
PLACE OF DEATH= [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] ,
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