Selma Lagerlöf

Selma Lagerlöf

Infobox Writer
name = Selma Lagerlöf


imagesize = 175px
caption = Lagerlöf, painted by Carl Larsson, 1908
pseudonym =
birthname =
birthdate = birth date|1858|11|20|df=y
birthplace = [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] , Värmland, Sweden
deathdate = death date and age|1940|3|16|1858|11|20|df=y
deathplace = [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] , Värmland, Sweden
occupation = Writer
nationality = Swedish
awards = awd|Nobel Prize in Literature|1909

Audio|sv-Selma_Lagerlöf.ogg|Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf // (20 November 1858–16 March 1940) was a Swedish author and the first woman writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Known internationally for "Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige" (a story for children, in the most common translation "The Wonderful Adventures of Nils", but the literal translation would be "Nils Holgersson's Wonderful Journey Through Sweden"), she was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1909 "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings."

Biography

Born at [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] an estate in Värmland in western Sweden, Lagerlöf was the daughter of Lieutenant Erik Gustaf Lagerlöf and Louise Lagerlöf "née" Wallroth, and the couple's fourth child. She grew up isolated from other children. Selma was born with a hip injury, and an early sickness left her lame in both legs, although she later made a remarkable recovery. She was more serious and quiet than her siblings and other children her age as a result of her condition. She was also a gifted child, though, who enjoyed reading -- including her first novel by the age of 7, and the entire Bible by the age of ten.

The forced sale of Mårbacka, following her father's illness in 1884, had a deep impact on Lagerlöf's development.Lagerlöf worked as a country schoolteacher in Landskrona for nearly 10 years while honing her story-telling skills, with particular focus on the legends she had learned as a child. Through her studies at the Royal Women's Superior Training Academy in Stockholm, Lagerlöf had reacted against the realism of contemporary Swedish-language writers such as Johan Ludvig Runeberg. She began her first novel, "The Story of Gösta Berling," while working as a teacher in Landskrona. Her first break as a writer came when she submitted the first chapters to a literary contest, and won a publishing contract for the whole book.

Novelist

Lagerlöf's other important works would later include "The Wonderful Adventures of Nils", "Jerusalem", "The Ring of the Löwenskölds", and "The Treasure". Most of her stories were set in Värmland, though a trip through continental Europe inspired such works as her The Miracles of the Antichrist, set in Sicily. "Jerusalem", which bore the effect of Lagerlöf's visit to a commune in the city of like name (see American Colony), was adapted in 1996 into an internationally acclaimed motion picture. Stories from this book and from her other works were used in film much earlier by Victor Sjöström, the great Swedish cinema pioneer. Sjöström's sensitive retelling of Lagerlöf's tales about rural Swedish life, in which his camera recorded the detail of traditional village life and the Swedish landscape, provided the basis of some of the most poetic and memorable products of early silent cinema.

Recognition

In 1909 Selma Lagerlöf won the [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1909/index.html Nobel Prize in Literature] "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings". In 1914 she also became a member of the Swedish Academy, the body that awards the Nobel Prize in literature. At the start of World War II, she sent her Nobel Prize medal and her gold medal from the Swedish Academy to the government of Finland to help them raise money to fight the Soviet Union. [ [http://www.mil.fi/perustietoa/talvisota_eng/timer-50.html Talvisota 1939-1940 ] at www.mil.fi] The Finnish government was so touched that it raised the necessary money by other means and returned her medal to her.

She lived in Sunne, where two hotels are named after her. Her home, Mårbacka, is now preserved as a museum. She wrote a large number of letters to her two partners, Sophie Elkan and Valborg Olander.

Her portrait has been featured on the Swedish 20 krona banknote since 1992.

Bibliography

* Gösta Berlings saga (1891) Translated 1911 as "The story of Gösta Berling" and 1933 anew as "Gösta Berling's saga"
* Osynliga länkar (1894) "the outlaws"
* Antikrists mirakler (1897) "The miracles of Antichrist"
* En herrgårdssägen (1899)
* Jerusalem (1901-02) "The holy city"
* Herr Arnes penningar (1903)
* Kristuslegender (1904) "Christ Legends"
* Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige (1906-07) "The Wonderful Adventures of Nils"
* En saga om en saga och andra sagor (1908)
* Liljecronas hem (1911)
* Körkarlen (1912)
* Kejsarn av Portugallien (1914) "The emperor of Portugallia"
* Troll och Människor (1915)
* Löwensköldska ringen (1925) "The ring of the Löwenskölds I"
* Mårbacka (1926) Velma Swanston Howard (coauthor) and J. J. Lankes (illustration)
* Carlotte Löwensköld (1927) "The ring of the Löwenskölds II"
* Anna Svärd (1928) "The ring of the Löwenskölds III"
* The Silver Mine

Notes

External links

* [http://www.beepworld.de/members12/garbofan2/gosta_berlings_saga.htm All about Greta Garbo and Gösta Berling Saga]
* [http://www.nobel.se/literature/laureates/1909/index.html Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf on Nobelprize.org]
* [http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/lagerlof.htm Pegasos]
*
* [http://runeberg.org/authors/lagerlof.html Works by Selma Lagerlöf] at Project Runeberg (In Swedish)
* [http://www.sna.se/Holgersson_100ar_commission.html The background to the writing of "The Wonderful Adventures of Nils"]
* [http://www.sweden.se/templates/cs/CommonPage____18486.aspx Selma Lagerlöf] - Famous Swedes (Sweden.se)

Persondata
NAME= Lagerlöf, Selma
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Writer
DATE OF BIRTH= 1858-11-20
PLACE OF BIRTH= [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] , Värmland, Sweden
DATE OF DEATH= 1940-3-16
PLACE OF DEATH= [http://www.marbacka.com/engelska/e_index.htm Mårbacka] , Värmland, Sweden


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Selma Lagerlöf — Selma Lagerlöf; Gemälde von Carl Larsson, 1908 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Selma Lagerlof — Selma Lagerlöf Selma Lagerlöf Portrait de Selma Lagerlöf par Carl Larsson en 1906 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Selma Lagerlöf — Portrait de Selma Lagerlöf par Carl Larsson en 1906 Activités …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Selma Lagerlöf — Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf, (n. Mårbacka, Vermland, Suecia, 20 de noviembre de 1858 † Mårbacka, 16 de marzo de 1940). Escritora sueca. Su infancia transcurrió en una de esas granjas familiares que se describen a lo largo de sus libros. Estudió …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Selma-Lagerlöf-Preis — Der Selma Lagerlöf Preis ist ein mit 100 000 Schwedenkronen dotierter Literaturpreis, der von der Stiftung „Selma Lagerlöf Literaturpreis“ in Sunne in Värmland seit 1984 jährlich verliehen wird. Die Preisverleihung findet im Zusammenhang mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Selma Lagerlöf Prize — The Selma Lagerlöf Prize is a Swedish literary prize awarded to women writers annually since 1984. Recipients receive 100,000 Swedish kronor. The awards ceremony takes place in Sunne every August 13 and is in honor of Selma Lagerlöf.List of… …   Wikipedia

  • Literaturnobelpreis 1909: Selma Lagerlöf —   Die schwedische Schriftstellerin erhielt den Nobelpreis in Anerkennung »des edlen Idealismus, des Fantasiereichtums und der seelenvollen Darstellung, die ihre Dichtung prägen«.    Biografie   Selma Lagerlöf, * Gut Mårbacka (Värmland) 20. 11.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Quality Hotel Selma Lagerlöf — (Sunne,Швеция) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Ekebyvägen 1, 686 35 …   Каталог отелей

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