- Antony Gormley
Antony Gormley OBE RA (born 30 August 1950) is an English sculptor. His best known works include the "
Angel of the North", a public sculpture in Gatesheadcommissioned in 1995 and erected in February 1998, and " Another Place" on Crosby Beachnear Liverpool.
Born the youngest of six children (4 girls and two boys), Gormley grew up in
Kent. He went to school at Ampleforth College, Yorkshire. He went on to complete a degree in Archaeology and Anthropology and History of Art at Trinity College, Cambridgefrom 1968 to 1971 before going to Indiaand Sri Lankato study Buddhism. Returning to London three years later in 1974, Gormley attended Central School of Artand Goldsmiths College, completing his studies with a postgraduate course in sculpture at the Slade School of Art, University College Londonbetween 1977 and 1979. His career was given early support by Nicholas Serotawho had been a near contemporary of Gormley's at Cambridge, giving him a solo exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Galleryin 1981.Fact|date=November 2007
Over the last 31 years Antony Gormley has revitalised the human image in sculpture through a radical investigation of the body as a place of memory and transformation, using his own body as a subject, tool and material. Since 1990 he has expanded his concern with the human condition to explore the collective body and the relationship between self and other in large-scale installations like "Allotment", "Critical Mass", "Another Place", "Domain Field", "Inside Australia" and most recently, "Blind Light".
Gormley describes his work as "an attempt to materialise the place at the other side of appearance where we all live." Many of his works are based on moulds taken from his own body, or "the closest experience of matter that I will ever have and the only part of the material world that I live inside." His work attempts to treat the body not as a thing but a place and in making works that enclose the space of a particular body to identify a condition common to all human beings. The work is not symbolic but indexical - a trace of a real event of a real body in time.
Antony Gormley’s work has been exhibited extensively, with solo shows throughout the UK in venues such as the
Whitechapel, Tateand the Hayward Gallery, the British Museumand White Cube, and internationally at museums including the Louisiana Museumin Humlebaek, the Corcoran Gallery of Artin Washington DC, the Irish Museum of Modern Artin Dublin, and the Kölnischer Kunstverein in Germany. "Blind Light", a major show of his work, was held at the Hayward Galleryfrom 17 May until 19 August 2007. He has participated in major group shows such as the Venice Biennaleand the Kassel Documenta8. His "Field" has toured America, Europe and Asia. The 2006 Sydney Biennalefeatured Gormley's "Asian Field", an installation of 180,000 small clay figurines crafted by 350 Chinese villagers in five days from 100 tons of red clay. Also in 2006, the burning of Gormley's 25-metre high "The Waste Man" formed the zenith of Penny Woolcock’s Margate Exodus, a re-telling of the Bible story of the enslavement and liberation of the Jewish people, commissioned by Art Angel.
"Angel of the North" and, more recently, "Quantum Cloud" on the Thames in Greenwich are amongst the most celebrated examples of contemporary British sculpture. One of his key installations, "Another Place", is to remain permanently on display at Crosby Beach, Merseyside.
Gormley has also made work for the stage. He collaborated with choreographer/dance artists
Akram Khanand Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui and composer Nitin Sawhneyon 'zero degrees', which premiered at Sadler's WellsTheatre, London in 2005 and then toured internationally. He designed the set and made life size mannequins of Khan and Larbi which they used in their performance. He worked again with Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui and monks from the Shaolin Temple, China, to make 'Sutra', which opened at Sadler's Wells in May 2008. Again he designed the set, which this time included a series of man-size boxes which were used in a variety of ways by the monks and Larbi in the performance. Gormley was awarded the Turner Prizein 1994 and the South Bank Prize for Visual Art in 1999 and was made an Order of the British Empire ( OBE) in 1997. In 2007 he was awarded the Bernhard Heiliger Award for Sculpture. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, Trinity College, Cambridgeand Jesus College, Cambridge, and has been a Royal Academician since 2003. He is a trustee of the British Museumand the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art.
Gormley's website includes images of nearly all of his works up to 2007. The most notable include:
*"Field" (and subsequent recreations).
*"Sound II" (1986) in the
cryptof Winchester Cathedral.
*"" (1993) Victoria Square,
Another Place" (1997) currently at Crosby Beachnear Liverpool.
Quantum Cloud" (1999) Greenwich, UK.
Angel of the North" (1998)
*"Time Horizon", the Archaeological Park of Scolacium near
Catanzaroin Calabria, Southern Italy [ [http://www.intersezioni.eu/main.html Time Horizon] , Archaeological Park of Scolacium]
*"Event Horizon" along the South Bank of the Thames, London, UK.
Proposals not taken forward
Brick Man", a proposal for the Holbeck Triangle, a disused patch of land bounded by three railway embankments just outside Leeds City station, was to be a representation of the human male form, made in brickwork and standing over 30 metres high. The proposal, made in 1988, was not favoured by the city, which refused planning permission.
*According to an interview with
John-Paul Flintoffin the " Sunday Times" on 2 March 2008, Gormley proposed a 12-metre-high ejaculating man for the waterfront at Seattle. The figure was meant to give an 11-second ejaculation of sea water every five minutes. “I intended it as an ironic comment on the male figure in relation to the whole idea of a fountain, because everyone knows the fountain is a male fantasy of permanent ejaculation.”
* [http://www.antonygormley.com/ www.antonygormley.com Official Home Page]
* [http://www.antonygormley.co.uk/www.AntonyGormley.co.uk Antony Gormley Aficionado Site]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/audiointerviews/profilepages/gormleya1.shtml An interview with Gormley by Edward Lucie Smith in RealMedia format]
* [http://www.fdavidpeat.com/interviews/gormley.htm An interview conducted by F. David Peat]
* [http://www.gateshead.gov.uk/Leisure%20and%20Culture/Angel/Home.aspx Gateshead Council's "Angel of the North" page]
* [http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ArtistWorks?cgroupid=999999961&artistid=1192&page=1 Gormley's page at the Tate Gallery]
* [http://flickr.com/photos/doctorboogie/sets/72157594315434792 Waste Man]
* [http://www.sculpture.org.uk/artists/AntonyGormley Antony Gormley] at Sculpture.org.uk
* [http://d-sites.net/english/gormley.htm 'Antony Gormley: the abortive rebirth of the slaves']
* [http://www.leeds.gov.uk/artgallery/art_sculpt01.html The Brick Man at Leeds City Art Gallery]
* [http://www.tate.org.uk/btseries/bb/antonygormley/ Interactive video interview with Gormley and interactive exploration of his work at the Tate Gallery.]
* [http://www.iairp.com/view_project.php?pageID=15&articleID=32 Gormley's exhibition in Guernsey for the International Artist In Residence Programme IAIRP]
* [http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article3444837.ece Antony Gormley, the man who broke the mould] Sunday Times article on 2nd March 2008
* [http://www.themonthly.com.au/tm/node/935 Video of Antony Gormley lecture about his work, National Gallery of Victoria, March 2008]
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