Brodmann area 24

Brodmann area 24

Infobox Brain
Name = Brodmann area 24
Latin =
GraySubject =
GrayPage =



Caption = Brodmann areas - Medial surface.


Caption2 =
Width = 350
IsPartOf = Cingulate gyrus
Components =
Artery = Anterior cerebral
Vein =
BrainInfoType = ancil
BrainInfoNumber = 81
MeshName =
MeshNumber =

Brodmann area 24 is part of the anterior cingulate in the human brain.

Human

In the human this area is known as ventral anterior cingulate area 24, and it refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined cingulate cortex region of cerebral cortex (area cingularis anterior ventralis). It occupies most of the anterior cingulate gyrus in an arc around the genu of corpus callosum. Its outer border corresponds approximately to the cingulate sulcus. Cytoarchitecturally it is bounded internally by the pregenual area 33, externally by the dorsal anterior cingulate area 32, and caudally by the ventral posterior cingulate area 23 and the dorsal posterior cingulate area 31.

Francis Crick, one of the discoverers of DNA, listed area 24 as the seat of free will because of its centrality in abulia and amotivational syndromes Fact|date=December 2007.

Guenon

In the guenon this area is referred to as area 24 of Brodmann-1905. It includes portions of the cingulate gyrus and the frontal lobe. The cortex is thin; it lacks the internal granular layer (IV) so that the densely distributed, plump pyramidal cells of sublayer 3b of the external pyramidal layer (III) merge with similar cells of the internal pyramidal layer (V); the multiform layer (VI) is very thin (Brodmann-1905). Note that Brodmann later divided this area into two areas, area 24 of Brodmann-1909 and area 25 of Brodmann-1909 (Brodmann-1909).

Subdivisions

The area has been subdivided further, and Vogt et al. [Brent A. Vogt, Deepak N. Pandya, Douglas L. Rosene, " [http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/cne.902620207 Cingulate cortex of the rhesus monkey: I. Cytoarchitecture and thalamic afferents] ," "The Journal of Comparative Neurology", 262(2):256-270, 1987.] make three division for the area in the rhesus monkey ("Macaca mulatto"):
* 24a: "adjacent to the callosal sulcus"
* 24b: "has more clearly defined layers II, III, and Va"
* 24c: "the lower bank of the anterior cingulate sulcus"

External links and references

* For a list of Brodmann areas visit http://spot.colorado.edu/~dubin/talks/brodmann/neuronames.html

ee also

* Brodmann area
* List of regions in the human brain
* Anterior cingulate cortex


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