Steelmaking is the second step in producing steel from iron ore. In this stage, impurities such as sulfur, phosphorus, and excess carbon are removed from the raw iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium and vanadium are added to produce the exact steel required.

The materials used in modern steelmaking are:

* The iron produced in a blast furnace, either as molten iron or as pig iron.
* Scrap steel.
* Alloying elements.

The original methods of producing steel were labour-intensive and highly skilled arts involving open crucibles, see finery forge, puddling, blister steel, crucible steel.

An important aspect of the industrial revolution was the development of large-scale methods of producing forgeable metal (bar iron or steel). The puddling furnace was initially a means of producing wrought iron, but was later applied to steel production. The Bessemer converter was the first successful mass steelmaking process, followed by the open hearth furnace.

Modern steelmaking techniques include:

*Basic oxygen furnace.
*Electric arc furnace.

See also

* Decarburization
*Steel mill
*Blast furnace

External links

* [ U.S. Steel Gary Works Photograph Collection, 1906-1971]
* [ Scrap steel for steelmaking facilities information reference compendium]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • steelmaking — noun see steelmaker …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • steelmaking — /steel may king/, n. the manufacture of steel. [1805 15; STEEL + MAKING] * * * …   Universalium

  • steelmaking — noun The manufacture of steel …   Wiktionary

  • steelmaking — Смотри сталеплавильное производство …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • steelmaking — /ˈstilmeɪkɪŋ/ (say steelmayking) noun the manufacturing of steel and steel products from iron ore. –steelmaker, noun …  

  • steelmaking — ˈ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ noun : the process or business of manufacturing steel * * * /steel may king/, n. the manufacture of steel. [1805 15; STEEL + MAKING] …   Useful english dictionary

  • steelmaking (from hot metal) — Смотри второй передел …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • steelmaking furnace — Смотри сталеплавильная печь …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • steelmaking iron — Смотри передельный чугун …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • steelmaking charge — Смотри сталеплавильная шихта …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

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