Anti-Sovietism and Anti-Soviet refer to persons and activities actually or allegedly aimed against the Soviet Union or the Soviet power within the Soviet Union.

Three different flavors of the usage of the term may be distinguished.
*Anti-Sovietism in the international politics, such as American opposition to the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
*Anti-Soviet opponents of Bolsheviks shortly after the Russian Revolution and during the Russian Civil War.
*As applied to Soviet citizens involved or allegedly involved in anti-Soviet activities.

Soviet Union

In the USSR, the epithet "antisoviet" was synonymous with "counterrevolutionary". The noun "antisovietism" was rarely used and the noun "antisovietist" ( _ru. антисоветчик, "antisovetchik") was used in a derogatory sense.

During the Russian Civil War that followed the October Revolution of 1917, the anti-Soviet side was the White movement.

Whole categories of people, such as clergy, kulaks, former Imperial Russian police, etc. were automatically considered anti-Soviet. More categories are listed in the article "Enemy of the people".

Being anti-Soviet was a criminal offense in the Soviet Union. Anti-Soviet agitation and activities were political crimes handled by the Article 58 of the RSFSR penal code and similar articles in other Soviet republics.

For many people the major evidence of their guilt was their social status rather than actual deeds. Martin Latsis, chief of the Ukrainian Cheka, explained in a newspaper::"Do not look in the file of incriminating evidence to see whether or not the accused rose up against the Soviets with arms or words. Ask him instead to which class he belongs, what is his background, his education, his profession. These are the questions that will determine the fate of the accused." Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick. "The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia - Past, Present, and Future", 1994. ISBN 0-374-52738-5.]


See also

*Anti-Stalinist left
*Criticisms of Communist party rule
*Timeline of events in the Cold War

External links

* [ Anti-Soviet Electronic Library]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anti-Americanism — Anti American mural in Tehran, Iran, 2004 The term Anti Americanism, or Anti American Sentiment, refers to broad opposition or hostility to the people, policies, culture or government of the United States.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Anti-communism — For opposition to the Soviet Union, see Anti Sovietism. Part of the series on Communism …   Wikipedia

  • Anti-Zionism — This article is about opposition to and criticism of Zionism. For criticism of Israeli policy, see Criticism of the Israeli government. See also: Timeline of Anti Zionism Anti Zionism is opposition to Zionistic views or opposition to the state of …   Wikipedia

  • List of anti-ethnic and anti-national terms — List of anti ethnic and anti national terms, where anti ethnic refers to ethnic hatred, or sentiments of hostility towards an ethnic group and anti national refers to sentiments of hostility towards a particular state or other national… …   Wikipedia

  • List of belief systems — Below are words that designate a set or subset of beliefs. This includes dispositional beliefs.Many, but not all, of these words end with the suffix –ism . Words like magnetism , prism , and schism , are not included, because they do not… …   Wikipedia

  • Żydokomuna — (Polish for Judeo Communism or Judeo Bolshevism ) is a pejorative term that has been used to express an antisemitic stereotype that blamed Jews for having advocated, introduced and run communism in Poland.cite book| author = Antony Polonsky and… …   Wikipedia

  • Zionology — (Russian language: сионология sionologiya ), also called Soviet Anti Zionism, was a doctrine promulgated in the Soviet Union during the course of the Cold War, and intensified after the 1967 Six Day War. It was officially sponsored by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet Union and the Arab–Israeli conflict — The Soviet Union played a significant role in the Arab Israeli conflict as the conflict was a major part of the Cold War. For related developments after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, see Russia and the Arab Israeli conflict .Marxism… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Soviet Union (1964–1982) — Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet Union — USSR and CCCP redirect here. For other uses, see USSR (disambiguation) and CCCP (disambiguation). Soviet redirects here. For the term itself, see Soviet (council). For other uses, see Soviet (disambiguation). Union of Soviet Socialist Republics …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”