- Apple Records
Infobox record label
name = Apple Records
EMI Music Group
genre = Rock
Apple Records is a record label founded by
The Beatlesin 1968, as a division of Apple Corps Ltd. It was initially intended as a creative outlet for the Beatles, both as a group and individually, plus a selection of other artists including Mary Hopkin, James Taylor, Badfinger, and Billy Preston. In practice, by the mid-1970s, the roster had become dominated with releases from the former Beatles. Allen Kleinran the label in 1969. It was then run by Neil Aspinallon behalf of the four Beatles and their heirs. He retired in 2007 and was replaced by Jeff Jones.
Apple Records was founded in 1968 as part of the Beatles'
Apple Corpsproject. At this time, the Beatles were contracted to Parlophonein the United Kingdomand Capitol Recordsin the United States. In a new recording deal, EMI and Capitol agreed to distribute Apple Records until 1975. Apple owned the rights to records by artists they signed, while EMI retained ownership of the Beatles' records, issuing them on the Apple label but with Parlophone R-prefixed catalogue numbers. Apple Records owns the rights to all of the Beatles' videos and movie clips.
Lennon was introduced to
Allen Kleinthrough Mick Jagger, as Klein was managing The Rolling Stonesat the time. Cynthia Lennon “John” 2006 p323] Klein went on to manage Apple.
During the 1974 proceedings dissolving the Beatles as an entity, a court ruling decreed that eighty percent of all profits from Beatles albums (as a group) would accrue to Apple Records, and five percent would go to each of the four members. The label consistently made a profit through 1984, mostly through continued issues of old Beatles records, then lost money for several years.Fact|date=April 2007
Standard Apple album and single labels displayed a bright green
Granny Smith appleon the A-side, while the flipside displayed the apple cut in half. The bright green apple returned for Beatles CDs releases in the 1990s, following initial CD releases on Parlophone.
Original U.K. versions of all standard Beatles albums were released worldwide on CD in 1987 on the Parlophone label with no Apple logo, even including albums originally released on Apple. Previously, "Abbey Road" had been issued on CD by the EMI-Odeon label in Japan in the early 1980s. Although this was a legitimate release, it was not authorized by the Beatles, the main EMI company or Apple Corps. As a result, very few were made. It was not until the
BBCsessions and the Anthology series that Apple labels started appearing on the CDs. Subsequent releases have either been the familiar Apple label or at least had the Apple logo.
In 2006 the label was again newsworthy, as the long-running dispute between Apple Records' parent company and
Apple Inc.went to the High Court (see Apple Corps v Apple Computer). In 2007, the company settled a dispute with EMIover royalties, and announced that long term chief executive Neil Aspinallhad retired and been replaced by American music industry executive Jeff Jones.Kozinn, Allan, "Magical Mystery Tour Ends for Apple Corps Executive", " New York Times", 12 April 2007, "passim". ( [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/12/arts/music/12beat.html link] )] These changes lead to speculation that the Apple Records catalogue — and most importantly The Beatles discography— would soon appear on Apple Inc.'s iTunesonline music store, [Evans, Jonny, "EMI, Apple Corps deal good news for iTunes?", " Macworld", 12 April 2007( [http://www.macworld.co.uk/ipod-itunes/news/index.cfm?newsid=17737&pagtype=allchandate link] )] and that a remastering and reissue program of The Beatles' CDs might be forthcoming (Jones having worked on reissues at Sony).
Zapple Records, an Apple Records subsidiary run by
Barry Miles, a friend and ultimately biographer of Paul McCartney, was intended as an outlet for the release of spoken wordand avant garderecords. It was active from October 1968 until June 1969, and only two albums were released on the label, one by John Lennonand Yoko Ono("") and one by George Harrison(" Electronic Sound"). An album of readings by Richard Brautiganwas planned for release as Zapple 3, and acetatecopies were pressed, but, said Miles, "The Zapple label was folded by Klein before the record could be released. The first two Zapple records did come out. We just didn't have [Brautigan's record] ready in time before Klein closed it down. None of the Beatles ever heard it." Barry Miles, as quoted by Richie Unterbergerin the [http://www.richieunterberger.com/brautigan.html sleevenotes] to the eventual non-Apple release of "Listening To Richard Brautigan".] Brautigan's record was eventually released as "Listening To Richard Brautigan" on Harvest Records, a subsidiary of Apple distributor EMI, in the US only. According to Miles, a spoken word album by Lawrence Ferlinghetti, which had been recorded and edited, would have been Zapple 4, and a spoken word album by Michael McClurehad also been recorded. A planned Zapple release of a UK appearance by comedian Lenny Brucewas never completed. As noted above, Zapple was shut down in June 1969 by Klein, apparently with the backing of John Lennon. ["The Archive Hour", BBC Radio 4, June 12, 2004]
Artists who recorded for Apple Records
Artists who went on to have some considerable success (though in some cases, for their post-Apple work) include
Badfinger(then known as The Iveys), James Taylor, Mary Hopkin, Hot Chocolate, Yoko Onoand Billy Preston.
Artists who were to appear on the label, but didn't make it, include:
* McGough and McGear, whose self-titled album was due to be released on Apple, but it was released on
ParlophoneRecords, to which both were signed, as members of The Scaffold;
* Grapefruit, whose single "Dear Delilah" was issued on RCA Records with Apple Records publishing credit;
* Focal Point were the first band signed by Apple Publishing. Their single, "Sycamore Sid" was issued on
Deram Recordswith credit to Apple Publishing on the label.
Delaney and Bonnie's " Accept No Substitute" album was originally meant to be released on Apple in 1969; it was originally commercially released on Elektra Recordsthe same year.
* Slow Dog (Wheels) who were a Cambridge based rock band headed up by Scottish singer/guitarist Dave Kelly. They were the winners of the Apple Records sponsored national talent contest early 1969, organized by Apple A & R head
Peter Asherprior to his departure for the USA. The winner of the talent contest was promised a record contract with Apple Records, but the band only recorded demo tracks, due to Asher's departure. However, on the recommendation from Beatles' roadie Mal Evans, Warner Brothers Records in London, headed up by Ian Ralfini, signed Slow Dog to a record contract, changing their name to Wheels.
* See also Zapple Records section for cancelled releases.
Members of the Beatles and their bands
Plastic Ono Band
Other artists and their Beatle connections
Badfinger(originally as The Iveys) - Signed to Apple after several demo tapes were brought in by Mal Evans, after getting approval from McCartney, Harrison and Lennon.
Black Dyke Mills Band(as John Foster & Sons Ltd. Black Dyke Mills Band) - Paul McCartney employed them for the one-off "Thingummybob" / "Yellow Submarine" single which he recorded on location near Bradford.
* Brute Force - George Harrison attempted to have their single, "The King of Fuh" released through Apple. EMI refused to handle it due to its references to "the Fuh king". Apple manufactured a small number of promotional copies.
Elastic Oz Band- A one-off single, "God Save Us", was written and produced by John Lennon and Yoko Ono to raise money for a legal battle involving "Oz" magazine. The A-side of the single was sung by Bill Elliott, later of George Harrison's Dark Horse Recordssigning Splinter.
Elephant's Memory- Recruited as backing band for John Lennon and Yoko Ono, and also released material separately.
* (Focal Point) A Liverpool band who were going to be managed by Brian Epstein before he died were signed to Apple after chasing Paul McCartney around Hyde Park. John Lennon and Brian Epstein signed them to Apple.
Chris Hodge- Discovered by Ringo Starr; they shared an interest in UFOs.
Mary Hopkin- Early recordings produced by Paul McCartney, including the Lennon-McCartney original "Goodbye" and her hit recording of "Those Were the Days".
Hot Chocolate(as Hot Chocolate Band) - Released one single, "Give Peace A Chance" after John Lennon heard and liked it. Their post-Apple releases as Hot Chocolate were more commercially successful.
Jackie Lomax- Liverpudlian singer known via his Brian Epstein connections, he recorded with Harrison, McCartney and Starr at various times. His first single "Sour Milk Sea" features all three and was written by Harrison.
Modern Jazz Quartet- Associated with Yoko Ono.
Yoko Ono- Recorded extensively with John Lennon and released several singles and albums herself, with Lennon usually performing, and directing the band.
David Peeland the Lower East Side - Political folk singer brought to the label by John Lennon.
Billy Preston- Brought in to work with the Beatles in January 1969 on their "Get Back" / "Let It Be" sessions, and signed as a solo artist. George Harrison worked on some of Preston's recordings.
* Radha Krishna Temple, the London
Hare Krishnatemple - George Harrison brought them to the label and produced them.
* Ravi Shankar (with
Ali Akbar Khan) - George Harrison brought him to the label.
Ronnie Spector- Married to Phil Spector, who separately worked with the Beatles and solo Beatles around 1970. George Harrison and John Lennon appear on her only Apple single "Try Some Buy Some".
The Sundown Playboys- A French-language cajunband from Louisiana. A pre-existing single was brought to the label by Ringo Starr.
John Tavener- A classical composer. His brother, a builder, worked on Ringo Starr's house, and Starr took interest in Tavener.
James Taylor- Recorded with Paul McCartney, who appears on the Apple LP which launched his career.
* Trash (originally White Trash) - Brought to Apple by Tony Meehan, formerly of the Shadows. Their second single was a cover of "Golden Slumbers".
Doris Troy- An American soul artist since the early 1960s, who worked with George Harrison and Billy Preston while signed to Apple.
Lon and Derek Van Eaton- Brought in during 1970s by George Harrison, who worked on their Apple album.
Also released were the soundtracks to "Come Together" and "
El Topo" (in the U.S.), the " Son of Dracula" soundtrack (on Rapple), the onetime Philles Recordscompilation " Phil Spector's Christmas Album" and the multi-artist " The Concert for Bangla Desh". Cassette and 8-track tape versions of "Bangla Desh" were marketed by Columbia Records, in a deal that permitted the inclusion of Bob Dylan, a Columbia artist, on the album.
Apple Records discography
Apple Corps v. Apple Computer
List of record labels
* title=Once Life Matters: A New Beginning| publisher=Impact Publishing| year=2006 | id=ISBN 978-0961895440
*Brown, Peter | title="The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of the Beatles "| publisher=NAL Trade; Reprint edition| year=2002 | id=ISBN 978-0451207357
*DiLello, Richard] | title="The Longest Cocktail Party" | publisher=
Canongate Books| year= id=ISBN 1-84195-602-3
*Lennon, Cynthia | title=John| publisher= year=2006 | id=ISBN 0-340-89828-3
*Miles, Barry | title=
Many Years From Now| publisher=Vintage- Random House| year=1998 | id=ISBN 0-7493-8658-4
* [http://www.schomakers.com// The Complete Apple Records]
* [http://users.pandora.be/mapinguari/apple/index.htm Apple Sleevographia]
* [http://www.beatlemoney.com// Financial background of Apple]
* [http://www.martyangelo.com/book.htm "Once Life Matters: A New Beginning"] - Impact Publishers (2005-2006), author
Marty Angelo, (ISBN 0961895446)
* [http://www.vinylnet.co.uk/label-discography.asp/label/12/Apple-records-discography.html Vinylnet's discography for Apple Records]
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