Lithification (from the Greek word "lithos" meaning 'rock' and the Latin-derived suffix "-ific") is the process in which sediments compact under pressure, expel connate fluids, and gradually become solid rock. Essentially, lithification is a process of porosity destruction through compaction and cementation. Lithification includes all the processes which convert unconsolidated sediments into sedimentary rocks. Petrification, though often used as a synonym, is more specifically used to describe the replacement of organic material by minerals in the formation of fossils.

See also

* Diagenesis

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  • lithification — ● lithification nom féminin Synonyme de lapidification. ● lithification (synonymes) nom féminin Synonymes : lapidification …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lithification — Les roches sédimentaires sont issues de la lithification de sédiments. La lithification (du mot grec lithos signifiant « roche » et du suffixe latin facere signifiant « faire ») est le processus géologique qui transforme les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lithification — /lith euh fi kay sheuhn/, n. Geol. the process or processes by which unconsolidated materials are converted into coherent solid rock, as by compaction or cementation. Also called induration. [1870 75; LITH + I + FICATION] * * * Complex process… …   Universalium

  • lithification — akmenėjimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Organinių medžiagų virtimas mineralinėmis žemėje atsidūrusiose gyvūnų ir augalų liekanose. atitikmenys: angl. fossilization; lithification; petrification rus. окаменение; фоссилизация ryšiai:… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • lithification — akmenėjimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Birių nuosėdų virtimas uoliena. atitikmenys: angl. lithification; petrifaction; petrification rus. литификация; окаменение ryšiai: sinonimas – litifikacija …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • lithification — noun see lithify …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lithification — noun The compaction and cementation of sediment into rock. Syn: lithifaction …   Wiktionary

  • lithification —   the cementing of sediments to form rock …   Geography glossary

  • lithification —    The conversion of unconsolidated sediment into a coherent and solid rock, involving processes such as cementation, compaction, desiccation, crystallization, recrystallization, and compression. It may occur concurrently with, shortly after, or… …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • lithification — process of becoming stone Stones and Rocks …   Phrontistery dictionary

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