- International Day of the Disappeared
The International Day of the Disappeared on
August 30is an annual commemoration day created to draw attention to the fate of individuals imprisoned at places and under poor conditions unknown to their relatives and/or legal representatives. The impulse for the day came from the Latin American Federation of Associations for Relatives of Detained-Disappeared"(Federación Latinoamericana de Asociaciones de Familiares de Detenidos-Desaparecidos," or FEDEFAM), a non-governmental organizationfounded in 1981in Costa Ricaas an association of local and regional groups actively working against secret imprisonment and forced disappearances in a number of Latin-American countries.
Work on secret imprisonment is an important part of the activities for a number of international bodies and organizations in the fields of human rights activism and humanitarian aid, including for example
Amnesty International(AI), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights(OHCHR) and the International Committee of the Red Cross(ICRC). The International Day of the Disappeared is an opportunity to highlight these institutions' work, increase public awareness, and to call for donations and volunteers.
Of those agencies, the ICRC has additional privileges due to its special status as a non-governmental sovereign entity and its strict policy of neutrality. In some cases, the ICRC is the only institution granted access to specific groups of prisoners, thereby enabling a minimum level of contact and inspection of their treatment. For affected families, messages transmitted by the ICRC are often the first and only hint about the fate of these prisoners.
Imprisonment under secret or uncertain circumstances is a grave violation of some conceptions of
human rightsas well as, in the case of an armed conflict, of International Humanitarian Law. The General Assemby of the United Nationsadopted a Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearanceas resolution 47/133 on December 18, 1992. It is estimated that secret imprisonment is practiced in about 30 countries. The OHCHR Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances has registered about 46,000 cases of people who disappeared under unknown circumstances.
On August 30, 2007, hundreds of
Philippinerelatives and supporters of desaparecidos, mostly activists, missing after being abducted or killed by Philippine security forces protested against the government to mark International Day of the Disappeared. Edita Burgos remembered her missing son, Jonas, a member of the Peasants' Movement of the Philippines. [ [http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/08/30/asia/AS-GEN-Philippines-Day-of-the-Disappeared.php ITH, Hundreds protest in Philippines against abductions] ]
On August 30 2008 the
International Coalition against Enforced Disappearances, which gathers family member organizations and human rights organizations from around the world, joined hands for a global campaign event to promote the ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
* [http://www.icaed.org International Coalition against Enforced Disappearances]
* [http://www.ohchr.org/english/issues/disappear/index.htm OHCHR – Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances]
* [http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/disappearance.htm Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance]
* [http://www.ic-mp.org International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) - Data for Former Yugoslavia]
* [http://www.icrc.org/Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/themissing?OpenDocument The missing – A major ICRC initiative]
* [http://www.desaparecidos.org/fedefam/eng.html FEDEFAM – Fighting Against Forced Disappearances in Latin America]
* [http://web.amnesty.org/library/eng-344/index Amnesty International - Documents on Disappearances]
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