- Danish pastry
Danish pastry is a sweet
pastrywhich has become a specialityof Denmarkand is popular throughout the industrialized world, although the form it takes can differ significantly from country to country. The ingredients include flour, yeast, milk, eggs, and generous amounts of butter. A yeast dough is rolled out thinly, coated with butter, and then folded into numerous layers. If necessary, the dough is chilled to ease handling. The rolling, buttering, folding, and chilling is repeated several times to create a dough which is buttery and flaky. However, not all danishes are made this way.
A Danish varies significantly from country to country and region to region. In the UK, various ingredients such as
jam, custard, apricots, raisins, flaked almonds, pecansor caramelized toffeeare placed on or within sections of divided dough, which is then baked. Cardamomis often added to increase the aromatic sense of sweetness.
In the US and Canada, Danish pastries are typically given a fruit or sweet bakers cheese [ [http://schmidling.com/cres.htm#baker Cheese Recipes: Bakers Cheese] ] topping prior to baking. Danish pastries with nut fillings are also popular.
The Danish as consumed in Denmark can be topped with chocolate, sugar or icing, and may be stuffed with either jam,
marzipanor custard. Shapes are numerous, including circles with filling in the middle (known as "Spandauer's"), figure-eights, spirals (known as snails), and the pretzel-like kringles.
Danish pastry is, like the
croissant, said to originate from Viennaand is called "wienerbrød" (IPA2|ˈʋiˑʔnɔˌb̥ʁœˑʔð, lit, "wienerbread" (corresponding to the French "Viennoiserie", ie a hotdog bun) in Denmark as well as Iceland, Norwayand Sweden. In Vienna, however, the pastry is known as "Kopenhagener Gebäck" or "Dänischer Plunder" [http://denmark.dk/portal/page?_pageid=374,477923&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL] , and its origin may well be the Turkish baklavaFact|date=March 2008.
Both the croissant and Danish are
laminated doughs, and as such are categorized as Viennoiserieproducts.
L. C. Klitteng's Influence
L. C. Klitteng, of Læsø, Denmark, popularized "Danish pastry" in America in the years 1915-1920. The Danish was, according to Klitteng, the dish that he baked for the wedding of United States President Woodrow Wilsonin December 1915. Klitteng toured the world to promote his product, and he was featured in such 1920 periodicals as the "National Baker", the "Bakers' Helper", and the "Bakers Weekly". Klitteng opened a short-lived Danish Culinary Studio at 146 Fifth Avenue in New York CityFact|date=February 2007.
Herman Gertner owned a chain of New York City restaurants, and Gertner brought Klitteng to New York to sell Danish pastry. Gertner's obituary appeared in the
January 23, 1962" New York Times": :"At one point during his career Mr. Gertner befriended a Danish baker who convinced him that Danish pastry might be well received in New York. Mr. Gertner began serving the pastry in his restaurant and it immediately was a success."
During the "Jyllands-Posten" Muhammad cartoons controversy in 2006, several
Iranian groups advocated changing the name of Danish pastry given its association with the source country of the offending cartoons.cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4724656.stm|title=Iranians rename Danish pastries|publisher=BBC News|date=2006-02-17|accessdate=2008-04-08] The Iranian confectioner's union designated "Roses of the Prophet Muhammad" as the new name for Danish pastries made in the country as of 15 February 2006, although compliance with the new name in bakeries was mixed. Related to this, many protesters, angered by the pictures of Muhammad, boycotted Danish goods. "Roses of the Prophet Muhammad" ( _fa. گل محمدی "gole mohammadi", literally: Muhammed flower) is a traditional Persian synonym for roseflowering shrub.
* [http://www.barrypopik.com/index.php/new_york_city/entry/danish_pastry/ Danish Pastry] from food historian
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4724656.stm Iranians rename Danish pastries] - BBC
* [http://www.danske-konditorer.dk/fagspecialer.asp?umenuID=4 Wienerbrød] - text on origin of Danish pastry from the Danish conditors, bakers and chocolatemakers association. (Danske Konditorer, Bagere og Chocolademagere)
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