- WYNY (defunct)
WYNY was the
call lettersof radio stations on three different FM frequencies in or around New York City. The stations on the first two frequencies, 97.1 and 103.5, were closely related while the last one, 107.1 on an FM Quadcast, was not.
The WYNY call letters are popularly associated with
country musicradio stations in New York (although for the first ten years WYNY was actually an adult contemporarystation).
"Full history: WYNY section of WQHT article."
This frequency had been WNBC-FM for many years. For several years in the 1970s the station used the call letters, WNWS, and served as the flagship station of NBC Radio's all-news, News and Information Service. The WYNY call letters were adopted in
1977with an adult contemporary format. With various tweaks this format continued until July 1987, when it changed to country music.
"Full history: WYNY section of WKTU article."
In September 1988, as part of a complex transaction, 103.5 WQHT and 97.1 WYNY switched frequencies. WYNY continued to play country music at the new frequency until February
1996. Then the station was sold, the format changed to dance-based CHR, and the call letters changed to WKTU.
Y 107 The Third WYNY + WWXY - WWYY - WWZY
The third WYNY was born in December 1996. A broadcast group called
Big City Radiobought three class A FM stations, each located about 45 miles from New York City.
Big City Radio shut down local operations for two of the stations and began programming country music out of their
Westchester Countystation, licensed to Briarcliff Manor, New Yorkand located north of New York City, first under the call letters WWXYand soon after as WYNY. As WYNY barely reached New York City and had no signal to the south or east, Big City simulcastthe programming on a station on the New Jersey Shore, licensed to Long Branch which was named WWZYand was also on the 107.1 frequency. The same scenario occurred at their Hampton Bays, New York-licensed 107.1, located on Long Island, which was named WWVYbut became WWXYwhen the Briarcliff Manor signal became WYNY. The entire trimulcast was labeled and branded as "New Country Y-107".
In 1998, Big City Radio acquired 107.1
WRNJ-FM, located in Belvidere, New Jersey, which served the Lehigh Valleyto the far west. Unlike the other Y-107 stations, WRNJ had been a country station prior to its acquisition by Big City. Renamed WWYY, its addition formed a quadrocast.
The intent of this scheme was to reach the New York City market with a grade B signal and bring country music to a city without such a station. In addition, the communities surrounding New York City received a good signal, given three stations were located in suburban areas and one station was rural. This was not unique to New York; Big City Radio had a trimulcast in
Los Angelesand multiple simulcasts in Chicago, and Phoenix. Luckily for Big City, the suburban coverage worked fairly well in New York City as country listeners were more apt to live in suburbs, the area covered better by Y-107, than in New York City itself.
The country music format usually pulled low ratings in the actual New York City market, but in imbedded markets like Long Island, the ratings were fair. On the Jersey Shore, as well as in north-central Jersey, Westchester County, and the Lehigh Valley, Y-107 pulled from fair to very good ratings. The station was profitable.
In 1998, Hispanic investors bought into Big City Radio. They flipped the company's low-rated trimulcast in Los Angeles, also called Y107 (but airing a rock format), to a tropical Spanish-language format. This move sparked rumors that the Y-107 quadrocast in New York could change format. Denials were made while simulcast networks in other markets went to Spanish-language formats; Phoenix, on
KMYLin 2000, and Chicago, on WXXY-FMin 2001.
Still Y-107 held on to the country format. In 2001, rumors began to heat up again that a change was in the air. At the start of 2002, Big City Radio announced that indeed the rumors would now be true, but not until May. As with 103.5 WYNY, the air personalities all were given the opportunity to say goodbye, but they did this less melodramaticly than in 1996. In its last week as a country format, Y-107 was automated except for mornings; finally, on May 7,
Garth Brooks' "The Dance" closed out the country format on Y-107.
Big City Radio flipped the quadrocast to Spanish contemporary hits under the branding "Rumba 107.1", but leaving the WYNY call letters in place. The format did horribly. A major reason for this, and many of Big City Radio's other Spanish conversions, was that the signal combinations worked together to serve metropolitan areas, but failed to hit the urban areas which typically have Hispanic populations. Regardless of programming, while suburban residents (and rural farmers in the case of one 107.1) were able to pick up the 107.1 signals, urban-dwelling Hispanics were unable to pick up the signals. In not only New York but also Chicago, former-Big City Radio stations adopted English-language formats once they were resold.
At about the same time, Big City Radio was in debt and filed for
bankruptcy. They sold their stations as units in many cases to Hispanic-based companies including Spanish Broadcast System, Hispanic Broadcasting Company, and Entravision. The New York area quadrocast, however, was sold to Nassau Broadcasting. Nassau initially considered returning the country format to the quadrocast, but instead opted to break up the quadrocast, selling three of the four stations.
In April 2003, Nassau broke up the quadrocast, selling three of the four stations. WWZY was sold to
Press Broadcasting, which retained the call letters and began broadcasting a soft oldies format under the moniker "The Breeze"; later, two equally-small New Jersey stations began simulcasting WWZY to form a new trimulcast. WWXY on Long Island was sold to The Morey Organization/ Jarad Broadcasting, which initially simulcasted WLIR; by early 2004 it was superseded by a relocated WLIR-FM, then adopted a "NeoBreeze" format in late 2005. Today, WLIR is a simulcast of 1050 ESPN. In Westchester County, WYNY was sold to Pamal Broadcastingand initially simulcast WSPK"K104", a CHR station in Poughkeepsie, New York, as WXPK, but adopted an AAA format as "The Peak", retaining the same call letters. Nassau retained the Lehigh Valleystation, WWYY, which kept those call letters and launched an adult contemporary format as "Lite 107", though it has since announced the sale of its Lehigh Valley cluster.
Since WYNY became WXPK in 2003, the WYNY call letters have currently been retired from New York City radio.
Y no country radio in New York?
Since the demise of Y-107, there has been no country music radio station in the New York City area, and not for the first time. This has puzzled some industry observers, for while country music is far from the favorite genre of New Yorkers, there seems to clearly be a market it for it, especially in the suburban and exurban areas; and the sheer size of the NY City market would suggest that even a small audience would be enough to serve one station. As evidence,
Garth Brooks' 1997 free concert in New York's Central Parkdrew hundreds of thousands of people, and country and country/pop acts regularly perform in the New York area.
Past country music stations in New York have included WJRZ,
WHN, WKHK, and the various WYNY incarnations. While none ever dominated the ratings, most did reasonably well for long stretches; indeed due to the New York area's large population, WYNY had the largest audience of any country station in America. WHN is considered the most listened to Country radio station of all time. A country format with no competition would seem preferable to being the third- or fourth-best urban or adult contemporary station. But as of 2008, this has not happened. CNN made a note of that fact when the 2005 Country Music AssociationAwards show was held in New York City [http://web.archive.org/web/20051127012715/http://www.cnn.com/2005/SHOWBIZ/Music/11/15/cma.awards.ap/index.html missing page]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.