Infamy

Infamy

Infamy, in common usage, is notoriety gained from a negative incident or reputation (as opposed to fame). The word stems from the Latin "infamia", antonym of "fama" (fame).

Infamy is a term of art in Roman Catholic Canon Law. The remainder of this article discusses infamy as defined by Canon Law. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913, infamy in the canonical sense is defined as the privation or lessening of one's good name as the result of the bad rating which he has, even among prudent men. It constitutes an irregularity, i.e. a canonical impediment which prevents one being ordained or exercising such orders as he may have already received.

There are two types of infamy, infamy of law ("infamia juris") and infamy of fact ("infamia fact"). [web cite|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08001a.htm|title=Infamy|work=Catholic Encyclopedia]

Infamy of law

"Infamy of law" is contracted in one of three ways. Either the law itself attaches this juridical ineligibility and incapacity to the commission of certain crimes, or makes it contingent upon the decision of a judge, or finally connects it with the penalty imposed by him. This kind of infamy is incurred chiefly by those guilty of duelling (whether as principals or seconds), rape (as likewise those who co-operate in it), attempt to marry during the lifetime of the actual consort, heresy, real simony, etc. Infamy of law may be removed either by canonical purging or by application to the Holy See.

Infamy of fact

"Infamy of fact" is the result of a widespread opinion, by which the community attributes some unusually serious delinquency, such as adultery or the like, to a person. This is more of an unfitness than an irregularity properly so called, unless sentence in court has been pronounced. It ceases therefore when one has shown by a change of life extending over a period of two or probably three years that his repentance is sincere.

A crime consisting in acts which society not only forbids but also considers as highly immoral and particularly dishonoring, as defined (variously) in certain legal systems, as in Poland; in its origin, in Ancient Rome, "infamia" was the mark of disapproval of the censors on moral grounds - often such 'legal immorality' is largely defined according to the state - or de facto dominant religion.

In the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth infamy (infamia) was a more severe form of exile sentence. A noble who has been sentenced to infamy, known as "infamis" lost the protection of the law and there was a reward for his death. In addition, an exiled noble ("banita") who killed an infamed one could expect his exile sentence to be revoked.

References


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  • Infamy — • Loss of a good name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Infamy     Infamy     † Catholic Enc …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Infamy — In fa*my, n.; pl. {Infamies}. [L. infamia, fr. infamis infamous; pref. in not + fama fame: cf. F. infamie. See {Fame}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Total loss of reputation; public disgrace; dishonor; ignominy; indignity. [1913 Webster] The afflicted queen …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • infamy — I noun abasement, aspersion, bad name, bad reputation, baseness, blot, brand, contempt, defamation, degradation, derision, detestableness, disapprobation, disapproval, discredit, disesteem, disfavor, disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, disrespect,… …   Law dictionary

  • Infamy — Album par Mobb Deep Sortie 11 décembre 2001 Durée 71:53 Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • infamy — early 15c., from O.Fr. infamie (14c.), earlier infame, and directly from L. infamia ill fame, bad repute, dishonor, from infamis of ill fame, from in not, without + fama reputation (see FAME (Cf. fame)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • infamy — ignominy, shame, *disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, opprobrium, obloquy, odium Analogous words: notoriety (see FAME): degradation, humiliation, debasement, abasement (see corresponding verbs at ABASE) Contrasted words: honor, glory, renown,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • infamy — [n] shameful, bad reputation abomination, atrocity, disapprobation, discredit, disesteem, disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, enormity, evil, ignominy, immorality, impropriety, notoriety, notoriousness, obloquy, odium, opprobrium, outrageousness,… …   New thesaurus

  • infamy — [in′fə mē] n. pl. infamies [ME infamye < OFr infamie < L infamia < infamis: see INFAMOUS] 1. very bad reputation; notoriety; disgrace; dishonor 2. the quality of being infamous; great wickedness 3. an infamous act 4. Law loss of… …   English World dictionary

  • infamy — /in feuh mee/, n., pl. infamies for 3. 1. extremely bad reputation, public reproach, or strong condemnation as the result of a shameful, criminal, or outrageous act: a time that will live in infamy. 2. infamous character or conduct. 3. an… …   Universalium

  • infamy — noun a) The state of being infamous. Infamy, infamy theyve all got it in for me! Kenneth Williams as Julius Ceasar in Carry On Cleo b) A reputation as being evil. A date which will live in infamy Franklin D. Roosevelt in response to the Japanese… …   Wiktionary

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