Monastic Order of Avallon

Monastic Order of Avallon
Monastic Order of Avallon
Classification Celtic Orthodox Church
Orientation Orthodox Christian, neo-druidism
Geographical areas France
Founder Henri Hillion
Origin 1970

The Monastic Order of Avallon is a religious order founded in France in 1970 by Henri Hillion de Coatmoc'han (born in 1922, died in 1982), who was a former member of Order of St. Columban, which belongs to the Celtic Orthodox Church, by willingness to break with the Christian ecclesial context.[1]



In his Abbey of Ker Avalenn, at a place called Les Sept-Saints, near Le Vieux-Marché, Côtes-d'Armor, then in the abbey of Run Meno[2] built by the monks, the Monastic Order of Avallon became, under the leadership of Father Bernard Ghoul, consecrated in 1972, the largest spiritual community of Bretagne in the 1970s, along Cistercian abbey of Boquen led by reformer Father Bernard Besret. The number of followers is over 500.[3] It published Le Journal d'Avallon in the early 1970s.

The numerical extension of the Order, helped by a weak internal discipline, led to the founding of a second community in Montpellier by Paul Fournier of Brescia, but also led to the dilution of community spirit and monastic way of life. In the 1970s, several splinter groups appeared, including the Brotherhood of Druids of the West and Celtic missionary companions.[4] In 1976, after the failure of a reform project initiated by Father Bernard, the Abbey of Run Meno was gradually abandoned. The Order continued to exist, but outside the monastic context, within the community of Montpellier, then disappeared in 1993.

The name of the Monastic Order of Avallon was perpetuated by one of its founders engaged in alternative medicine. Centers Arc-en-Ciel, the Institut Rennais de Gestion de la Santé and the Institut Européen de Gestion de la Santé belong to the group.

The order was listed as a cult in the 1995 report of French Parliamentary Commission and was classified in the category of "neo-pagan" groups.[5]


The Order operates independently of the Celtic Church, but according to its founder monks, the apostolic lineage has nonetheless been granted, as a charismatic individual, by Celtic Bishop Michel Raoult Iltud. The Order has therefore a dual affiliation: Orthodox Christian and neo-druidism. The group says it is neither religious nor ecclesiastical and aims primarily at young people. It is said in its statutes that the order is "monastical in the etymological meaning of the word which means that everyone must take care of himself".[6] In the order, a member starts as simple monk, then becomes elder, under the leadership of an abbot.[7]

Judicial cases

In the 1990s, institutes affiliated to the Order sued French newspaper Paris Match which in 1994 had published an article entitled "Sectes de la mort: la filière bretonne" in which it was said these institutes were part of Order of the Solar Temple.[8] [9]

In 2005, the founder Jacques Dubreuil was part of a "collective group against the religious intolerance within the judicial system" and filed a complaint to the UN[10] which required the dissolution of anti-cult association UNADFI. On 13 December 2005, the Tribunal de Grande Instance de Paris issued an unfavorable verdict to the Order.[11]

On 3 April 2007, the Court of Cassation confirmed the decision given on 29 November 2005 by the Court of Appeal of Rennes and dismissed the Order's complaint for defamation against the magazine Un Autre Finistère which, in its edition of October 2000, cited the Order in an article entitled "Sectes en Finistère: ce qui a changé", criticizing its doctrines and methods.[12]


  1. ^ Renaud Marhic, Alain Kerlidou, Sectes & mouvements initiatiques en Bretagne: du celtisme au nouvel âge‎, Terre de brume editions, 1996 , pp. 25-29
  2. ^ Jean Marie Mayeur, Yves Marie Hilaire (2001). "Dictionnaire du monde religieux dans la France contemporaine: Les marges du religieux "Sectes", dissidences et ésotérisme" (in French). Beauchesne. p. 128. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 
  3. ^ Jean-Pierre Chantin (2004). "Des "sectes" dans la France contemporaine: 1905-2000, contestations ou innovations religieuses‎" (in French). p. 80. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 
  4. ^ Cyril Le Tallec (2004). "Mouvements et sectes néo-druidiques en France: 1935-1970" (in French). pp. 103,104. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 
  5. ^ "Rapport fait au nom de la Commission d'enquête sur les sectes — Les sectes en France" (in French). Assemblée Nationale. 1995. Retrieved 25 August 2009. 
  6. ^ Jean-Pierre Van Girt, La France aux cent sectes, Vauvenargues editions, 1997, p. 279 (ISBN 2-7443-0049-7)
  7. ^ Jean-Pierre Bayard, Guide sur les sectes et les sociétés secrètes, Philippe Lebaud editions, 2004, p. 55 (ISBN 2-84898-039-7)
  8. ^ "Cour d'appel de Paris, 29 mai 2007" (in French) (PDF). Droit des religions. 2007. p. 5. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "Campagnes de rumeurs — Témoignage n° 11" (in French). CAPLC. 3 March 2000. Retrieved 31 August 2009. 
  10. ^ "L'Église de scientologie et le «collectif contre l'intolérance religieuse dans le système judiciaire» déposent une plainte à l'ONU" (in French). Mouvements religieux. Anti-scientologie. March 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 
  11. ^ UNADFI (30 October 2006). "Quand les sectes instrumentalisent la Justice" (in French) (PDF). UNADFI. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 
  12. ^ "Cour de Cassation, audience publique du 3 avril 2007" (in French) (PDF). Prevensectes. 2007. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Benedictine Order —     The Benedictine Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order     The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • List of groups referred to as cults in government documents — This list includes groups that have been referred to as cults in government documents. Government reports have listed such groups in Austria, Belgium, Canada, France (in 1995), Germany, and the United States.Groups appear listed alphabetically by …   Wikipedia

  • List of religious leaders in 1220 — 1219 religious leaders Events of 1220 1221 religious leaders Religious leaders by yearSee also: List of state leaders in 1220 Buddhism*Karma Pakshi, Karmapa of the Karma Kagyu (1204 1283) *Kunga Gyeltsen, Sakya Master of Tibet (1216… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis the Pious — Infobox Monarch name =Louis I the Pious title =by order of Divine Providence, Emperor and Augustus caption =Louis the Pious, contemporary depiction from 826 as a miles Christi (soldier of Christ), with a poem of Rabanus Maurus overlaid. reign… …   Wikipedia

  • Historical basis for King Arthur — The historical basis of King Arthur is a source of considerable debate among historians. The King Arthur of Arthurian legend appears in many legends but it has not been decisively established whether his origin was entirely mythical or whether he …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”