Violet Manners, Duchess of Rutland

Violet Manners, Duchess of Rutland
Woodburytype portrait of Violet Manners, Marchioness of Granby (1856-1937)
See Margaret Lindsay (1726 - 1782) for the wife of Allan Ramsay, and Margaret Lindsay for the film actress also of this name.

Violet Lindsay Manners, Duchess of Rutland (7 March 1856 – 22 December 1937) was a British artist and noblewoman.

Contents

Family

She was the second daughter of Charles Hugh Lindsay (1816–1889, son of the twenty-fourth Earl of Crawford, a soldier and a courtier) and Emilia Anne Browne (d. 1873, the daughter of the dean of Lismore). Violet had four brothers and two sisters, though all but two of these siblings (except two of the brothers) died in infancy or childhood, and had the aesthete Sir Coutts Lindsay as a distant cousin.

Life

The first signs of Lindsay's artistic talent surfaced in her private education. Her family supported her gifts, underwriting a lengthy visit to Italy. However, she never received any formal training.

Violet was one of the first exhibitors of both drawings (of the men and women of her social circle, in silver-point or pencil) and sculptures at Sir Coutts' new Grosvenor Gallery (opened by him in 1877), and continued to exhibit extensively her whole life at all the major British galleries (including the Fine Art Society, the Royal Academy, and the New Gallery) as well as in France and the United States. She also published a selection of her portraits, in 1900, as "Portraits of Men and Women". A reviewer of an exhibition of her drawings at the Brook Street Art Galleries, London, in 1925, wrote:

‘Her style is particularly suited to the interpretation of feminine beauty and elegance, but she usually achieves considerable success in her delineations of men’ (The Connoisseur, 188).

Despite such praise, her reputation suffered because of her rank, bringing accusations of dilettantism, which she rebuffed, thinking of herself a professional.

She was one of the central figures of the Souls, the group of aristocrats which formed in the 1870s-1890s, held together by their intellectual interests, avant-garde artistic taste, and cultural sophistication. Many of them produced portraits of Violet, including GF Watts and JJ Shannon, and she was regarded as their most talented practical artist and the greatest beauty of the type they most admired - auburn hair, pale complexion, hooded eyes, very slim figure, and Aesthetic-style clothes of faded colours and soft drapings. Mrs Patrick Campbell once described her as ‘the most beautiful thing I ever saw’.[1] However, she also pushed the borders of what was acceptably bohemian, even among the Souls, by making some of her closest friendships with actors such as Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree and his wife and three daughters, encouraging her own daughters to take walk-on parts in his productions,[2] and generally feeling entirely at home in the theatre. Ellen Terry recorded in her memoirs:

"The lovely Lady Granby (now Duchess of Rutland) was [at the exhibition]—reminding me, as always, of the reflection of something in water on a misty day. When she was Miss Violet Lindsay she did a drawing of me as Portia in the doctor's robes, which is I think very like me, as well as having all the charming qualities of her well-known pencil portraits."[3]

Violet converted 16 Arlington Street into a hospital for the duration of the First World War, selling it on her husband's death in 1925 and moving to 34 Chapel Street, Belgrave Square, London. There she had a new studio built and continued to work, exhibiting continuously up until November 1937. Chips Channon commented on a 1935 ball at Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, that:

"old Violet Duchess looked the best, tired, eighty, and in white; she was a romantic, rather triste figure in a castle where she had reigned so long".[4]

She died at her Chapel Street home in 1937 after an operation, and was buried at Belvoir.

Marriage and family

On 25 November 1882 Violet Lindsay married, at St George's, Hanover Square, London, Henry John Brinsley Manners (1852–1925), who in 1888 became Marquess of Granby (making her Lady Granby), and in 1906 succeeded his father as 8th Duke of Rutland (with her as Duchess of Rutland). The pair were opposites - Manners was handsome in a conventional way, Conservative, aristocratic, and with more interest in hunting and the chorus line at the theatre than in the arts, whereas she was seen as beautiful and bohemian - and, though she gave birth to one daughter and two sons (Lord Haddon, and another) to guarantee his title's succession, Violet looked outside the marriage for comfort. Disraeli's former private secretary, Montague Corry, 1st Baron Rowton (1838–1903) apparently fathered her second daughter, Violet (Letty), and Harry Cust (aka Henry John Cockayne, 1861–1917) the third, Diana.

However, her eldest son's death at the age of nine in 1894 devastated her, and she poured her grief into producing his tomb sculptures herself. The plaster cast for this work - her son, reclining on an elaborate base decorated with relief portraits of his mother's family -was considered by her as her best work. (She kept it in her London house until - a month before she died - it was accepted by the Tate Gallery). Her other son at least survived the slaughter of World War I (being kept away from the front, and marrying into another Souls family), though her daughter Violet's husband, Hugo Francis Charteris, Lord Elcho (born on 28 December 1884), was killed in the Egyptian campaign on 23 April 1916,[5] and most of her daughter Diana's friends and suitors died on the western front.

Notes

  1. ^ A. Lambert, Unquiet Souls: the Indian summer of the British aristocracy, 1880–1918 (1984), p79
  2. ^ Violet's daughter Diana led the younger generation of Souls, the self-styled "Corrupt Coterie".
  3. ^
  4. ^ J. Abdy and C. Gere, The Souls (1984), 53
  5. ^ http://www.thepeerage.com/p1090.htm#i10894 - though the couple had already had two children, Sir Francis David Charteris, 12th Earl of Wemyss (b. 1912) and Lt.-Col. Sir Martin Michael Charles Charteris, Baron Charteris of Amisfield.

Sources


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Violet Manners, Duchess of Rutland — James Jebusa Shannon: Porträt von Lady Violet Manners, Duchess of Rutland, Öl auf Leinwand, um 1900 Lady Violet Manners, Duchess of Rutland (* 7. März 1856; † 22. Dezember 1937 in London) war eine britische Kunstmäzenin und Künstlerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rutland (Begriffsklärung) — Rutland ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Orte in England Rutland Orte in den USA: Rutland (Illinois) Rutland (Iowa) Rutland (Massachusetts) Rutland (New York) Rutland (North Dakota) Rutland (Ohio) Rutland (South Dakota) Rutland (Texas) Rutland… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manners — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charles Manners Sutton, 1. Viscount Canterbury (1780−1845), britischer Politiker David Manners (1901−1998), kanadischer Schauspieler John Manners, Marquess of Granby (1721 1770), britischer General John… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marion Margaret Violet Lindsay — See Margaret Lindsay (1726 1782) for the wife of Allan Ramsay, and Margaret Lindsay for the film actress also of this name. (Marion Margaret) Violet Lindsay Manners, Duchess of Rutland (7 March 1856 – 22 December 1937) was a British artist and… …   Wikipedia

  • David Manners, 11th Duke of Rutland — David Charles Robert Manners, 11th Duke of Rutland (born 8 May 1959) is a British peer and landowner. He was born the elder son of the 10th Duke of Rutland by his second wife, the former Frances Sweeney. He succeeded his father in the titles on 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Mam–Maq — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Jebusa Shannon — Selbstporträt, Öl auf Leinwand, um 1919, National Portrait Gallery, London Sir James Jebusa Shannon CBE (* 1862 in Auburn, New York; † 23. April 1923 in London) war ein anglo amerikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diana Cooper — Porträt von Lady Diana Cooper, spätere Viscountess Norwich, um 1920 Diana Olivia Winifred Maud Cooper, Viscountess Norwich (* 29. August 1893 in London als Lady Diana Manners; † 16. Juni 1986 ebenda) war eine britische Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Nightingale Hicks — Born 25 March 1929(1929 03 25) Died 29 March 1998(1998 03 29) (aged 69) Spouse Lady Pamela Hicks Children …   Wikipedia

  • Courtice Pounds — Charles Courtice Pounds (30 May 1862 – 21 December 1927), better known by the stage name Courtice Pounds, was an English singer and actor known for his performances in the tenor roles of the Savoy Operas with the D Oyly Carte Opera Company and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”