Giuseppe De Santis

Giuseppe De Santis

Infobox actor
bgcolour = silver
name = Giuseppe de Santis

imagesize = 270px
caption = on a set break
birthdate = birth date|1917|2|11|df=y
location = flagicon|Italy Fondi, Latium Italy
height =
deathdate = death date and age|1997|5|16|1917|1|2|df=y
deathplace =
birthname =
yearsactive = 1940 - 1995
othername =
homepage =
academyawards = |

Giuseppe De Santis (11 February 1917 - 16 May 1997) was an Italian film director. One of the most idealistic neorealist filmmakers of the 1940s and 1950s, he wrote and directed films punctuated by ardent cries for social reform.

He was the brother of Italian cinematographer Pasqualino De Santis.


De Santis was born in Fondi, Lazio. He was a member of the Italian Communist Party and fought with the anti-German Resistance in Rome during World War II.

He was first a student of philosophy and literature before entering Rome's Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia. While working as a journalist for "Cinema" magazine, De Santis became, under the influence of Cesare Zavattini, a major proponent of the early neorealist filmmakers who were trying to make films that mirrored the simple and tragic realities of proletarian life using location shooting and nonprofessional actors.

In 1942, De Santis collaborated on the script for "Ossessione", Luchino Visconti's debut film, which is considered the first Italian neo-realist film.

While still working for the magazine, he began to increasingly work as a screenwriter and assistant director until 1947 when he made his own directorial debut with "Caccia Tragica" (translated at Tragic Hunt). Like the two films to follow, it was a sincere call for better living conditions for the Italian working class and agrarian workers. Issues of corruption, the black market, collaboration with the Germans, and treatment of ex-soldiers were also introduced in the film.

His third film "Bitter Rice" (1950), the story of a young woman working in the rice fields who must choose between two socially-disparate suitors, made a star of Silvana Mangano and was a landmark of the new cinematic style. It also earned De Santis an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Story.

By the early 1950s, the neorealist movement was falling out of favour with critics and audiences alike. New filmmakers began using dramatic stories that centered on relationships and de Santis also altered his focus. Unfortunately this had an adverse effect on the artistic quality of his films, and though he continued making movies through the early 1970s, they were never as powerful as those first few.

In 1952 he filmed "Roma ore 11" ("Rome 11 o'clock"), the first version of the real tragic accident that Augusto Genina remade in 1953 as "Three Forbidden Stories".

In 1959 he won a Golden Globe with "La strada lunga un anno"; the movie, produced in Yugoslavia, had a nomination for the Oscar as Best Foreign Language Film.

De Santis died in 1997 at the age of 80, in Rome, following a heart attack, and a day of mourning was declared in Italy. A part of his archives have been donated to the Reynolds Library of Wake Forest University.

External links

*imdb name|id=0211459|name=Giuseppe De Santis

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giuseppe De Santis — (* 11. Februar 1917 in Fondi; † 16. Mai 1997 in Rom) war ein italienischer Filmregisseur, der dem Neorealismus zugeordnet wird. Er ist bekannt für seine sozialkritischen Filme, wie Bitterer Reis von 1949, die den Ruf nach sozialen Reformen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe de Santis — (Fondi, 11 de febrero de 1917 Roma; 18 de mayo de 1997), director de cine italiano, es uno de los representantes del neorrealismo italiano que siguió a la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Fue el hijo de Oreste (un reputado geómetra) y de Teresa Goduti.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giuseppe de Santis — (11 février 1917 16 mai 1997) était un réalisateur italien de cinéma, sans doute l un des plus marquants du Néo réalisme des années 1940. Ses films sont ponctués d appels ardents à la réforme sociale. Il était le frère du directeur de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuseppe De Santis — Données clés Naissance 11 février 1917 Fondi, Latium Italie Nationalité Italienne Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuseppe de Santis — (Fondi, 1917 Roma 1997), director de cine italiano. Considerado uno de los fundadores del movimiento neorrealista, entre sus largometrajes destacan: ● Caza trágica (1947) ● Arroz amargo (1949) ● Non c e pace fra gli ulivi (1950) ● Roma, hora once …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Santis — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Giuseppe De Santis (1917–1997), italienischer Regisseur Graziella de Santis (* 1976), deutsche Schauspielerin Pablo de Santis (* 1963), argentinischer Schriftsteller Pasqualino De Santis (1927–1998),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe — ist die italienische Form des männlichen Vornamens Josef. Bekannte Namensträger Giuseppe Baldini (1922–2009), italienischer Fußballspieler Giuseppe Baresi (* 1958), italienischer Fußballspieler Giuseppe Bellusci (* 1989), italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe Verdi's Rigoletto Story — (2005) is a film version of Giuseppe Verdi s opera Rigoletto (libretto by Francesco Maria Piave). Filmed in Siena in 2002 (Arturo Toscanini Foundation), it was directed by Gianfranco Fozzi and produced by David Guido Pietroni and Maurizio De… …   Wikipedia

  • Santis — Sạntis,   Giuseppe De, italienischer Filmregisseur, autor und kritiker, De Santis, Giuseppe …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pasqualino De Santis — Pasquale De Santis (crédité le plus souvent Pasqualino De Santis), né le 24 avril 1927 à Fondi (Province de Latina, Latium), décédé le 23 juin 1996 en Ukraine (lieu indéterminé), est un directeur de la photographie italien.… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”