- Malcolm Maclean, 3rd Chief
Maolcaluim mac Giliosa Maclean, 3rd Clan Chief Other names Maol-Calum
Servant of Columba
Gilli Colium mac maoiliosa
Known for Battle of Bannockburn Title 3rd Chief of Clan Maclean Term 1300-? Predecessor Malise mac Gilleain, father Successor John Dubh Maclean, 4th Clan Chief, youngest son Spouse Rioghnach of Carrick, daughter of Gamail of Carrick Children John Dubh Maclean, 4th Clan Chief Parents Malise mac Gilleain Relatives Gilleain na Tuaighe, grandfather
Malcolm Maclean or Maolcaluim mac Giliosa in Scottish Gaelic (flourished 1310s), was the 3rd Chief of Clan Maclean. Malcolm's name has been written Maol-Calum and Gille-Calum, which means Servant of Columba. He was succeeded by John Dubh Maclean, 4th Clan Chief, his youngest son, because the law of primogeniture did not apply in Scotland yet.
Marriage and children
- Donald Maclean had four sons
- Neil Maclean had three sons
- John Dubh Maclean, 4th Clan Chief, the youngest son, who succeeded his father because the law of primogeniture did not apply yet
Battle of Bannockburn
Malcolm, at the head of his clan, fought at the Battle of Bannockburn, in the First War of Scottish Independence on Monday, June 24, 1314. It was at this battle that the power of the English Edwards was broken, and the sovereignty of Scotland once more recognized. Edward Bruce's army consisted of thirty thousand men, while that of Edward II of England has been estimated at over one hundred thousand. The English lost thirty thousand, and that of the Scots did not exceed ten thousand. With Edward II of England were all the great English nobles and barons, and their followers, all well equipped. The engagement was commenced by the English, who poured forth their arrows, until they fell like flakes of snow. The Scottish army was arranged in a line consisting of three square columns, the center commanded by the Earl of Moray, the right by Edward Bruce, and the left by Sir James Douglas[disambiguation needed ] and Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland. The reserve, composed of the men of Argyle, Carrick, Kintyre, and the Isles, formed the fourth line of battle, and was commanded by King Robert I of Scotland in person. In this reserve were five thousand Highlanders, under twenty-one different chiefs, commanded by Angus Og MacDonald, father of John of Islay, Lord of the Isles. The following clans, commanded in person by their chiefs, have the distinguished honor of fighting nobly: Stewart, MacDonald, MacKay, Maclntosh, MacPherson, Cameron, Sinclair, Drummond, Campbell, Menzies, MacLean, Sutherland, Robertson, Grant, Fraser, MacFarlane, Ross, MacGregor, Munro, MacKenzie, and MacQuarrie. The Clan Cumming, MacDougall of Lorn, MacNab, and a few others, were present, but unfortunately on the wrong side. As already observed, the Macleans were under the immediate command of their chief, Malcolm. After the battle was fully on, Robert the Bruce brought up the whole of his reserve, which completely engaged the four battles of the Scots in one line. The noise of the battle, as described by an eyewitness, was awful. There was the clanging of arms, the knights shouting their war-cry, the flight of the arrows maddening the horses, the banners rising and sinking, the ground covered with gore, the shreds of pennons, broken armor, and rich scarfs soiled with blood and clay; and amidst the din was heard the groans of the wounded and dying. Step by step the Scots gained ground, and fortunately, in a critical moment, the camp-followers, desiring to see the battle, appeared over the hill, and were taken by the English for Scotch reinforcements. Immediately dismay spread through the English ranks, which, the Scots noticing, made a fearful onslaught, which broke the English army into disjointed squadrons. The flight at once became general, and the slaughter fearful to behold. In the thickest of the fight the Highland clans plied their battle-axes with terrible effect. This did not escape the attention of the watchful Bruce. To show his appreciation for the great service, he assigned to Angus and his descendants, forever, the honorable position of the right flank of the royal army.
This article incorporates text from A history of the clan Mac Lean from its first settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the present period: including a genealogical account of some of the principal families together with their heraldry, legends, superstitions, etc, by John Patterson MacLean, a publication from 1889 now in the public domain in the United States.
- ^ a b "One Clan, Two Families". Clan Maclean. http://www.maclean.org/clan-maclean-history/maclean-one-clan.php. Retrieved 2009-03-24. "Gilli Colium mac maoiliosa - or Malcolm son of Maoiliose - married Rignach, a relation of Robert Bruce, Lord of Carrick. This set up a dynastic link to the powerful Bruce family and from this marriage there appears to have been three sons Donald, Neil and John (Iain Dubh in Gaelic), all of whom were active in 1326 when they appear in the Exchequer Rolls of that year. The family link to the Bruce family must have benefited the emergent kindred or clan now calling itself MacGille eoin (Maclean) as Neil was appointed Constable of the royal castle of Scraburgh (possibly Tarbet) in 1329, while his elder brother, Donald, appears to have been a commander of the Kings galleys and John (Iain Dubh) can be found at Sael (Seil) Castle in Lorn - another royal stronghold."
- ^ a b MacLean, John Patterson (1889). A History of the Clan MacLean from Its First Settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the Present Period: Including a Genealogical Account of Some of the Principal Families Together with Their Heraldry, Legends, Superstitions, Etc.. R. Clarke & Company. http://books.google.com/books?id=tQs2AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA32&vq=Gilleain+na+Tuaighe&dq=%22Laird+of+Brolas%22&output=text&source=gbs_search_s&cad=0.
Clan Maclean Chiefs Titles ChiefsGillean of the Battle Axe (fl. 1250's) 1st Chief circa 1250's · Malise mac Gilleain (?–1300) 2nd Chief circa 1260 to 1300 · Malcolm Maclean, 3rd Clan Chief (fl. 1310's) 3rd Chief 1300 to circa 1350's · John Dubh Maclean, 4th Clan Chief (fl. 1350's) 4th Chief flourished in the1350's · Lachlan Lubanach Maclean of Duart (c.1350–c.1405) 5th Chief flourished 1390's · Red Hector of the Battles Maclean (c.1368–1411) 6th Chief from circa 1405 to 1411 · Lachlan Bronneach Maclean (fl. 1470's) 7th Chief flourished 1470's · Lachlan Og Maclean (c.1432–1484) 8th Chief flourished 1480's · Hector Odhar Maclean (?–1513) 9th Chief flourished in the 1490's · Lachlan Maclean, 10th Clan Chief (fl. 1510's) 10th Chief flourished 1510's · Lachlan Cattanach Maclean (c.1465–1523) 11th Chief (1515–1523) · Hector Mor Maclean, 12th Clan Chief (c1500–1568) 12th Chief flourished 1530's · Hector Og Maclean, 13th Clan Chief (fl. 1540's) · Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean (1558–1598) 14th Chief unknown to 1598 · Hector Og Maclean, 15th Clan Chief (c.1575–1623) 15th Chief from 1598 to 1623 · Hector Mor Maclean, 16th Clan Chief (c.1600–1626) 16th Chief from 1623 to 1626 * · Sir Lachlan Maclean, 1st Baronet (c.1620–1649) 17th Chief from 1626 to 1649 · Sir Hector Maclean, 2nd Baronet (?–1651) 18th Chief from 1649 to 1651 * · Sir Allan Maclean, 3rd Baronet (1645–1674) 19th Chief from 1651 to 1674 · Sir John Maclean, 4th Baronet (1670–1716) 20th Chief from 1674 to 1716 · Sir Hector Maclean, 5th Baronet (c.1700–1750) 21st Chief from 1716 to 1750 * · Sir Allan Maclean, 6th Baronet (1710–1783) 22nd Chief from 1750 to 1783 * · Sir Hector Maclean, 7th Baronet (c.1750–1818) 23rd Chief 1783 to 1818 * · Sir Fitzroy Jeffreys Grafton Maclean, 8th Baronet (c.1770–1847) 24th Chief from 1818 to 1847 · Sir Charles Fitzroy Maclean, 9th Baronet (1798–1883) 25th Chief from 1847 to 1883 · Sir Fitzroy Donald Maclean, 10th Baronet (1835–1936) 26th Chief from 1883 to 1936 * · Sir Charles Hector Fitzroy Maclean, 11th Baronet (1916–1990) 27th Chief from 1936 to 1990 · Sir Lachlan Hector Charles Maclean, 12th Baronet (1942– ) 28th Chief from 1990 to the present*denotes where someone died without a son and the chiefship went to his closest living male relative
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