Finnian of Moville

Finnian of Moville

St Finnian or St. Uinniau of Moville (495 - 589), was a Christian missionary who became a legendary figure in medieval Ireland. He should not to be confused with his namesake Finnian of Clonard. Traditional scholarship has it that he was a descendant of Fiatach the Fair and born in Ulster, however this has been questioned lately by the American Celticist Thomas Owen Clancy. He apparently studied under Colman of Dromore and Mochae of Noendrum, and subsequently at Candida Casa (Whithorn), whence he proceeded to Rome, returning to Ireland in 540 with an integral copy of St. Jerome's Vulgate. He was the founder of a famous school of Druim Fionn at about this time. Legend has it that he tried to convert Tuan mac Cairill, a mythical figure who was the last survivor of the Partholonian race, and that while doing so had the famous "Scéal Tuáin maic Cairell" recounted to him. This is a text about takings of Ireland, a source for the famous "Lebor Gabála Érenn".

Finnian's most distinguished pupil at Moville was Columba. Tradition has it that Columba's surreptitious copying of a psalter led eventually to his exile on Iona. What remains of the copy, together with the casket that contains it, is now in the National Museum of Ireland. It is known as the Cathach or Battler, and was wont to be carried by the O'Donnells in battle. The inner case was made by Cathbar O'Donnell in 1084, but the outer is fourteenth century work.

Finnian wrote a rule for his monks, also a penitential code, the canons of which were published by Wasserschleben in 1851.

References

* (1) In 2001 Thomas Owen Clancy, a Celticist at the University of Glasgow, argued that St Finnian and St Ninian were one and the same person, and that the confusion is due no less than to an 8th-century scribal spelling error. There is no consensus yet on this topic.

*Saint Finnian of Moville's feast-day as it stands is the 10th of September.

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06077a.htm Catholic Enclyclopedia] - St. Finnian of Moville

References

* Clancy, T. O. "The real St Ninian," in "Innes Review", 52 (2001), pp. 1-28
* MacKillop, James, "A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology", (Oxford, 1998)


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  • Finnian de Moville — Saint Finnian de Moville (+ 589). Son nom s écrit aussi Finan, Finian, Finien ou Finnien. Il fut un moine et un abbé irlandais qui fonda en 545 un monastère à proximité de ce qui est maintenant Newtownards. Il le nomme Moville (en gaélique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Finnian of Moville, Saint — • Irish monk, author of a monastic rule and a penitential. Also the founder of a famous school in County Down. St. Finnian died in 589 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Finnian of Moville —     St. Finnian of Moville     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Finnian of Moville     Born about 495; died 589. Though not so celebrated as his namesake of Clonard, he was the founder of a famous school about the year 540. He studied under St.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Finnian — Finnian, auch Finian oder Finan ist ein keltischer Vorname. Namensträger sind: der heilige Finnian von Clonard († 549), Klostergründer, Lehrer der „irischen Heiligen“, siehe Clonard der heilige Finnian von Moville (6. Jahrhundert), Mitarbeiter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Finnian — may refer to:* Saint Finnian of Moville (495–589), Christian missionary to Ireland. * Saint Finnian of Clonard (470–549), Irish founder of the monastery of Clonard …   Wikipedia

  • Finnian — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Finnian peut faire référence à : Saint Finnian de Moville (495–589), chrétien missionnaire en Irlande Saint Finnian de Clonard ou Finien de Clonard… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Finnian — (c. 495–579)    Saint and Order Founder.    Finnian was a native of Ireland. He went to Rome to be ordained and then returned home, bringing with him a Latin vulgate and a Pentateuch. He formed a monastic house at Moville and many legends are… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Finan — Finnian, auch Finian oder Finan ist ein keltischer Vorname. Namensträger sind: der heilige Finnian von Clonard (+ 549), Klostergründer, Lehrer der irischen Heiligen der heilige Finnian von Moville (6. Jahrhundert), Mitarbeiter des hl. Patrick von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Finian — Finnian, auch Finian oder Finan ist ein keltischer Vorname. Namensträger sind: der heilige Finnian von Clonard (+ 549), Klostergründer, Lehrer der irischen Heiligen der heilige Finnian von Moville (6. Jahrhundert), Mitarbeiter des hl. Patrick von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint Ninian — Ninian redirects here. For other uses, see Ninian (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Nennius. Saint Ninian Saint Ninian preaching to the Picts (from the Book of the Hours of the Virgin and Saint Ninian)[1] …   Wikipedia

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