- Jump blues
Infobox Music genre
Blues, big band
saxophone, brass instruments, rhythm guitar, acoustic bass, drums
United States, 1940s to early 1950s
Rock music, Rock and roll
Jump blues is a type of
up-tempo bluesmusic influenced by big bandsound. It is characterized by a jazzy, saxophone(or brass instruments) sound, driving rhythms and shouted, highly syncopated vocals and earthy, comedic lyrics on contemporary urban themes. Unlike most other types of blues, the jump blues relegates the guitarto the rhythm section.
Before known as "Jump Blues", this form of music was known as "Blues and Rhythm", then "Rhythm and Blues". The jump blues first appeared in the late 1930s, and was enormously popular in the Forties and early Fifties through artists such as
Louis Jordan, Big Joe Turnerand Wynonie Harris, who were among the first black artists to achieve significant commercial and chart success outside the confines of the segregated "race" (R&B) market.
It usually features a vocalist in front of a large, horn-driven
orchestraor medium-sized combo with multiple horns, the style is earmarked by a driving rhythm, intensely shouted vocals, and honking tenor saxophonesolos — all of those very elements a precursor to rock & roll. The lyrics are almost always celebratory in nature, full of braggadocio and swagger. Jump blues was the bridge between the older styles of blues — primarily those in a small band context — and the big band jazz sound of the 1940s.
Jump blues was an early manifestation of what became the classic
rock and rollstyle of the mid-Fifties. It was revived in the 1980s by artists such as Joe Jackson and Brian Setzerand continues today with bands like "MoPac and The Blue Suburbans" and "Mitch Woods and His Rocket 88s". Contemporary swing bands such as Lavay Smith, Steve Lucky & The Rhumba Bums Featuring Miss Carmen Getitand Stompy Jonesalso include many classic Jump Blues numbers in their repertoire, and write original songs in this style as well. (See also Swing Revival.)
African American music
Big Joe Turner
Roomful of Blues
Steve Lucky & The Rhumba Bums Featuring Miss Carmen Getit
* Lindy Hop [http://www.savoystyle.com/ Style of Dancing used with Jump Blues]
* Swing and Jump Blues Guitar [http://www.swingblues.com/swing.htm Jump Blues Guitar]
* Short History of Jump Blues [http://thebigheat.net/aboutjumpblues.html The Big Heat]
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