Çorbacı

Çorbacı

Çorbacı (sometimes variously transliterated as chorbaji, chorbadzhi, tschorbadji) (Turkish: çorbacı, [1]) was a military rank of the corps of Janissaries in the Ottoman Empire, used for the commander of an orta (regiment), i.e., approximately corresponding to the rank of colonel. The word is pronounced tʃoɾbaˈdʒɯ in Turkish and literally means "soup server", derived from çorba, "soup".

However, this word could be connected to an old Turkic word korbashi (head of the unit/campfire). This title was widespread in Turkistan (Central Asia) up until 1940s, where Korbashis lead local rebel groups called Basmachi (raiders) against the Soviet regime.

In seafaring, the term was in use for the boss of a ship's crew, a role similar to that of boatswain.

In several predominantly Christian areas of the Ottoman Empire, such as the current Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria, as well as many parts of Eastern Anatolia, the term çorbacı (Macedonian: чорбаџија, čorbadžija; Bulgarian: чорбаджия, chorbadzhiya Western Armenian: չորպաճի "ch'orbaji") was also as used as a title for (Christian) members of the rural elite, heads of villages and other rural communities and rich peasants. The Ottomans employed them in various administrative positions, such as that of tax collector and in courts of law. Since the 19th century in independent Bulgaria, the term largely fell out of use as the Ottoman system was abandoned.

The word is still in use in vernacular Turkish and Bulgarian with the meaning of "boss". It is also a common family name among Albanians, Bulgarians, Turks or Ukrainians (e.g. a vice-governor of Odessa is named Ivan Chorbadzhi - Иван Чорбаджи).

References


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  • Çorbaci — (sometimes variously transliterated as chorbaji, chorbadzhi, tschorbadji) ( tr. çorbacı, soup server [ [http://www.tdk.gov.tr/TR/SozBul.aspx?F6E10F8892433CFFAAF6AA849816B2EF4376734BED947CDE Kelime=%C3%A7orbac%C4%B1 TDK Dictionary Online Çorbacı… …   Wikipedia

  • çorbacı — is. 1) Çorba pişirip satan kimse 2) den. Tayfaların gemi sahibine verdikleri ad 3) tar. Taşrada halkın Hristiyan ileri gelenlerine verdiği unvan İstasyonda bir çorbacı ve köylü kalabalığı kaynaşıyor. Y. K. Beyatlı 4) tar. Yeniçerilerde bir birlik …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

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  • чорбаджии — (от тур. çorbaci  господин), в Болгарии в XVIII XIX вв. (до освобождения в 1878 от турецкого ига) представители социальных слоёв, связанных с турецкой администрацией. * * * ЧОРБАДЖИИ ЧОРБАДЖИИ (от тур. corbaci господин), в Болгарии в 18 19 вв.… …   Энциклопедический словарь

  • ЧОРБАДЖИИ — (от тур. corbaci господин) в Болгарии в 18 19 вв. (до освобождения в 1878 от турецкого ига) представитель социальных слоев, связанных с турецкой администрацией …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Чорбаджи — (тур. çorbaci, буквально раздатчик похлёбки)         в Османской империи:          1) офицерский чин у янычар (См. Янычары), соответствовавший командиру орта (роты);          2) представители сельской верхушки старосты, старшины, зажиточные… …   Большая советская энциклопедия

  • Janissary — Janissaries redirects here. For the Janissaries series of novels by Jerry Pournelle, see Janissaries series. Janissary New Soldier The Janissaries were mostly chosen from among t …   Wikipedia

  • Military of the Ottoman Empire — Army: Sipahi · Akıncı · Timariot  …   Wikipedia

  • Çorba — (transliterated as chorba) is a Turkish soup or stew. The word entered into a number of national cuisines of various peoples under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, often in varying meanings.*Chorba (Чорба), a Bulgarian soup; see, e.g., Schkembe… …   Wikipedia

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