Alaiza Pashkievich

Alaiza Pashkievich
Alaiza Pashkievich (Belarusian: Ałaiza Paškievič)
Personal details
Born July 15, 1876(1876-07-15)
Grodno Governorate, Russian Empire
Died November 5, 1916(1916-11-05) (aged 40)
Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire
Nationality Belarusian

Alaiza Pashkievich (or Ciotka) (Belarusian: Алаіза Пашкевіч, Ałaiza Paškievič; 15 July 1876 - 5 November 1916) was a Belarusian poetess and political activist of Belarusian national-democratic rebirth.[1][2]


Alaiza Pashkievich was born in the family of a wealthy szlachta family.[1] Graduated from Vilnius Private School V. Prozaravej. In 1902 she went to St. Petersburg, where she graduated from the Gymnasium Alexandria externally for girls and began education at a school for physical education teachers Lieshafta AF (1902–04).

Pashkievich was one of the founders of Belarusian Socialist Party. In 1904 she gave up teaching and returned to Vilnius. Organized workers' groups, wrote and promoted the anti-government proclamations, occurred during the debates and political meetings. Because of her political activism she was forced to emigrate to Galicia, which was then part of Austro-Hungarian Empire. She lived in Lviv.[2] Pashkievich began teaching as a free student at the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Lviv. In 1906, in Zhovkva released two collections of poems Хрэст на свабоду і Скрыпка беларуская. At the same time illegally traveled to Vilnius, where she participated in the issuance of newspaper Nasha Dola ", the first issue of which was printed the story of the bloody oath claws.

In 1908-9 she lived in Krakow and studied at the Jagiellonian University[2] in the Faculty of humanities. In 1911 she married an engineer and also a Lithuanian active social democracy activist Steponas Kairys. In the same year he returned to her homeland, where he joined with great enthusiasm in the national educational activities. She has performed with the theater Bajnickiego in various parts of Belarus, was the founder and first editor of the Belarusian magazine for children and adolescents Łučynka.

During World War I, Alaiza Pashkievich worked as a Sister of Charity in a military hospital in Vilnius. At the beginning of 1916 years had gone to her parents, helped villagers sick with typhoid. Unfortunately, she did not manage to help herself. Alaiza Pashkievich fell ill with typhus and died 5 February 1916.

Famous works

  • "Belarusian violin" (Скрыпка Беларуская)
  • "To you, neighbors" (Вам, суседзі)
  • "Summer" (Лета)
  • "My thoughts" (Мае думкі)
  • "Faith of a Belarusian" (Вера беларуса)
  • "Man hasn't changed" (Мужык не змяніўся)
  • "At the graveyard" (На магіле)
  • "On the other side" (На чужой старонцы)
  • "Autumn" (Восень)
  • "Artist Grajka" (Артыст грайкa)
  • "Cross to the freedom" (Хрэст на свабоду)
  • "Sea" (Мора)
  • "Good news" (Добрыя весці)
  • "A rebel" (Бунтаўнік )
  • "With the banner" (Пад штандарам)
  • "On the New Year's Eve" (Перад Новым годам)
  • "Lasy" (Ласы)


  1. ^ a b Пашкевіч (Цётка) Алаіза Сцяпанаўна
  2. ^ a b c Алаіза Пашкевіч

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