A royalist supports a particular
monarchas head of statefor a particular kingdom, or of a particular dynastic claim. In the abstract, this position is "royalism". It is distinct from monarchism, which advocates a monarchical system of government, but not necessarily a particular monarch. Most often, the term "royalist" is applied to a supporter of a current regime or one that has been recently overthrown to form a republic.
In the UK today, the term is almost indistinguishable from "monarchist," because there are no significant rival claimants to the throne. Conversely, in 19th-century France, a royalist might be either a Legitimist or an
Orléanist, both being monarchists.
More specifically, it may refer to:
Cavalier, the nickname given to supporters of King Charles I (and later King Charles II) during the English Civil War
* A Jacobite who supports the claim of James II and his line (the head of which is currently Franz, Duke of Bavaria, the would be King Francis II) as King of England, Scots and Ireland
* A supporter of the restoration of France's monarchy:
Chouannerie, a royalist group during the French Revolution
Legitimists, French royalists upholding Salic Law
Orléanists, who, in late 18th- and 19th century France, supported the Orléanist branch of the French royal family, which came to power in the July Revolution
Ultra-royalists, a nineteenth-century reactionary faction of the French parliament
* Supporters of the return of Leopold III as King of the Belgians after the Second World War, also called Leopoldists
Royalist (Spanish American Revolutions), a supporter of the Spanish Empireduring the Hispanic American wars of independence
* A member of the
Estonian Royalist Party
* A Loyalist or Tory during the American Revolution
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