- Palace of Lausus
The Palace of Lausus or Lausos, also known as the Lauseion ( _el. Λαυσείον) was a 5th century building located in
Constantinoplethat was acquired and owned by the eunuch Lausus.
Lausus, who had formerly served as a
eunuchin the court of Theodosius II, became the imperial chamberlain sometime around 420. He was described in a letter by the bishop of Caesareaas being charitable to the poor, but also being very wealthy and owning a fine estate.cite web|url=http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/greece/hetairai/lausus.html|title=The Palace of Lausus - Encylopaedia Romana|last=Grout|first=James|accessdate=6 October|accessyear=2008|publisher=University of Chicago] Whilst he is reported to have lost his position as imperial chamberlain to Macrobiusonly two years after promotion, he may have regained the title ten years or so later following recommendation by Cyril of Alexandria, re-establishing his wealth. [cite journal|title=The Palace of Lausus and Nearby Monuments in Constantinople: A Topographical Study|first=Jonathan|last=Bardill|publisher=Archaeological Institute of America|pages=67-95]
The Palace of Lausus was renowned throughout Constantinople for the vast collection of heroic and mythological statues that its owner housed within its walls. Lausus is known to have amassed this huge collection from the eastern temples that were being sacked and emptied during the reign of Theodosius, and as such, his collection was likely the most diverse to have existed in Constantinople at the time. Lausus' collection of pagan statues is interesting as the first that was dispassionately assembled on purely esthetic and historical grounds, as he is reported to have been a devout
Christian.cite book|title=The Collector's Voice|pages=183|first=Susan M.|last=Pearce|coauthors=Alexandra Bounia|publisher=Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.|year=2001|isbn=1859284175] Foremost amongst his collection was the statue of Zeus from Olympiacarved by Phidiasin circa 500 BC[cite book|title=Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph|last=Elsner|first=Jaś|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=1998|pages=189|isbn=0192842013] and Praxiteles' Aphrodite of Cnidus. Lausus is also known to have owned the Hera of Samosand the Athena of Lindos, as well as statues of both Erosand Kairos. Reports indicate that Lausus had arranged his collection in a certain order. The aforementioned statue of Zeus was located in an apse at the far end of the hall, with Eros and Kairos at his side. One wall was dedicated to sculptures of goddesses, the other of animals.
The exact location of the Palace of Lausus within Constantinople is a matter of debate, although it is generally accepted that the Palace was connected to the western flank of the Hippodrome by a
rotunda, and that it was adjacent to the Palace of Antiochos. It was also very close to the Mese, the central thoroughfare of Constantinople, that led from the Augustaeumto the Golden Gate. [cite book|title=The Life and Times of the Empress Pulcheria Ad 399 to Ad 452|first=ADA B.|last=Teetgen|publisher=Kessinger Publishing|year=2004|pages=162|isbn=0766196186] See the map on the right for a more detailed analysis.
Zonarasand Cedrenusreport that the Palace of Lausus, along with much of the city, was destroyed by fire in 475. Lausus' entire collection was lost to the blaze.The Palace's destruction occurred long after Lausus' death, which had transpired some thirty years earlier, around 436.
In the present day, the
Cistern of Philoxenosis located beneath the site where the Palace of Lausus is commonly accepted to have stood. The ruins of the palace of Antiochos still remain on the site today, as does the rubble from the rotunda joining the Palace of Lausus to the Hippodrome.
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