Zionist Socialist Workers Party

Zionist Socialist Workers Party

Zionist Socialist Workers Party ( _ru. Сионистско-социалистическая рабочая партия), often referred to simply as 'Zionist-Socialists' or 'S.S.' by their Russian initials, was a Jewish socialist territorialist political party in Russia and Poland, that emerged out of the "Vozrozhdenie" (Renaissance) in 1904. The party held its founding conference in Odessa in 1905.Alroey, Gur. "Demographers in the service of the nation: Liebmann Hersch, Jacob Lestschinsky, and the early study of Jewish migration", published in Jew History (2006) 20:265–282] [http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1912/jun/17d.htm] [http://www.zchor.org/plock/sefer2.htm] The party favoured the idea of a Jewish territorial autonomy, outside of Palestine.Ėstraĭkh, G. "In Harness: Yiddish Writers' Romance with Communism. Judaic traditions in literature, music, and art." Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 2005. p. 30] However, whilst territorial autonomy was the goal of the party, it dedicated most of its energy into revolutionary activities in Russia. The party was positive towards using terrorismclarifyme as a means of struggle against the establishment. [Geifman, Anna. "Thou Shalt Kill: Revolutionary Terrorism in Russia, 1894–1917". Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1993. p. 35]

Nachman Syrkin, Jacob Lestchinsky, Volf Latsky-Bartoldi and Shmuel Niger were amongst the leading figures of the party.Frankel, Jonathan (ed.). "The Jews and the European crisis, 1914–1921". New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. p. 339]

The party played an active role in the 1905 revolution.

At the 7th congress of the World Zionist Organization in 1905, the WZO formally rejected the 'Uganda Plan' (a proposal to resettle Jews in East Africa) after sharp debates. In response, the party and other territorialists withdrew from the WZO.

The party grew rapidly, and became the second largest Jewish labour party after the Bund. The party organized 'neutral' trade unions, in opposition to the Bundist unions. In the end of 1906, the party claimed a membership of 27 000. However, after 1906 the influence of the party began to decline sharply. Many leaders went into exile in Western Europe. The central organ of the party was the weekly Yiddish newspaper "Der nayer veg", published from Vilna 1906–1907. The newspaper was closed down by the authorities in 1907. [http://www.yivoinstitute.org/pdf/newspapers_periodicals.pdf]

In 1917 the party merged with the Jewish Socialist Workers Party, forming the United Jewish Socialist Workers Party. [Jaff Schatz. Jews and the communist movement in interwar Poland. In: Jonathan Frankel. [http://books.google.com/books?id=POkxdm6DoAsC&pg=PA13&lpg=PA13&dq=jaff+schatz+jews+communism&source=web&ots=B5QNMKyJ49&sig=KW-p4_cdwuVM_kHyU9zifzYbX8M&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPA30,M1 Dark Times, Dire Decisions: Jews and Communism. Studies in Contemporary Jewry.] Oxford University Press US, 2005, p. 79.]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ZIONIST SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY — (or SS, the initials of Zionists Socialists in Russian), territorialist group in Russia founded at a conference held (interrupted as a result of the arrests of its participants) in Odessa, in January–February 1905. The party was the outcome of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Socialist Workers Party (Palestine) — Socialist Workers Party (Hebrew: מפלגת הפועלים הסוציאליסטית‎, Hebrew abbreviation מפ ס, Mops , English abbreviation MPS ) was a political party in the British Mandate of Palestine from 1919–1922. Its followers were known as Mopsim.[1] The party… …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist Workers Party (Britain) — Infobox British Political Party party name = Socialist Workers Party party articletitle = Socialist Workers Party (UK) party leader = Collective leadership (Central Committee) foundation = 1950 / 1977 ideology = Revolutionary socialism,… …   Wikipedia

  • JEWISH SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY — (also known as Sejmists, or J.S. = Jewish Socialists; Rus. abbrev., SERP = Sotsialisticheskaya Yevreyskaya Rabochaya Partiya), party based on a synthesis of national and socialist ideas, founded at a conference in Kiev in April 1906. Its leaders… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish Socialist Workers Party — Cambridge University Press, 1988. p. 44] The party favoured the idea of a Jewish National Assembly (a Seym). It envisaged a federation of nationalities in Russia, each led by an elected body of representatives with political powers inside their… …   Wikipedia

  • UNITED JEWISH SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY — (SS and JS; abbr.: Fareynigte, i.e., United ), short lived group in revolutionary Russia and interwar Poland. It was formed in June 1917 through the union of the Zionist Socialist Workers Party (SS, who were territorialists ), and the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • United Jewish Socialist Workers Party — ( yi. פאראייניקטע ײדישער סאָציאַליסטישע אַרבעטער פרטיי, fareynikte yidishe sotsialistishe arbeter partey ) was a political party in Poland and Ukraine. Its followers were generally known as fareynikte (פאראייניקטע). Politically the party favoured …   Wikipedia

  • Polish United Workers' Party — Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza First leader Bolesław Bierut Last leader …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist International — logo Abbreviation SI Formation June 3, 1951 Type …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist People's Party (Denmark) — Socialist People s Party Socialistisk Folkeparti Leader Villy Søvndal Founded …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”