- Galiens li Restorés
"Galiens li Restorés" or "Galien le Restoré" or "Galien rhétoré" (in English, roughly: "Galien the Restituted"), is an
Old French" chanson de geste" which borrows heavily from chivalric romance. Its composition dates anywhere from the end of the twelfth century to the middle of the fourteenth century.Hasenohr, 480.] Five versions of the tale are extant, dating from the fifteenth century to the sixteenth century, one in verse and the others in prose. The story -- which is closely linked to the earlier "chansons de geste" " Pèlerinage de Charlemagne" and " The Song of Roland" (especially in the latter's rhymed version) -- tells of the adventures of Galien, son of the hero Olivier and of Jacqueline, the daughter of the (fictional) emperor Hugon (Hue the Strong [Holmes, 263.] ) of Constantinople.
"Galien", with its voyages and romance elements, enjoyed a strong success in the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance and largely eclipsed "The Song of Roland" in public taste. [Hasenohr, 1301.]
Galien seeks out his father Olivier at the
Battle of Roncevaux Pass, and helps Rolandand Charlemagnerout the Saracens. Later, he saves his mother from treacherous uncles and becomes emperor of Constantinople.
Three of the extant versions of the tale (including the one in verse) are part of larger compilations entitled "
Garin de Monglane" in which are grouped other works concerning the feats of the descendants of Garin ( Girart de Vienne, Olivier, Galien, etc.). The verse version (the "Cheltenham manuscript") is in alexandrines grouped in rhymed laisses; one of the two other compiled versions is in manuscript form, the other is in a printed edition (c.1502-11 [Tilly, 16, 20.] ).
Surviving editions [Dougherty, 298.] :
*containing the cycle:
** the "Cheltenham manuscript" (in verse). "La Geste de Montglane." Library of the
University of Oregon( Eugene, Oregon). Originally published by Edmund Stengel in 1890 (Marburg).
** "Guérin de Montglave" (sic), printed c.1502-1511. [Tilly, 16, 20.]
**Ms 3351 of the
Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal.
*containing only "Galiens":
** "Galien rhétoré", printed in 1500. [Tilly, 16, 20.]
** Ms1470 ff of the
Bibliothèque Nationale de France.
*fr icon Geneviève Hasenohr and Michel Zink, eds. "Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le Moyen Age". Collection: La Pochothèque. Paris: Fayard, 1992. ISBN 2-2530-5662-6
Urban T. Holmes, Jr."A History of Old French Literature from the Origins to 1300". New York: F.S. Crofts, 1938.
*en icon Authur Tilly. "Studies in the French Renaissance". New York: Barnes & Noble, 1968.
*en icon David M. Dougherty. "A New Critical Edition of Galiens li restorés" "The French Review", Vol. 41, No. 3 (Dec., 1967), pp. 298-303. [http://www.jstor.org/pss/385160 JSTOR]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=XAzFNWy70N8C&dq=%22Galiens+li+Restorés%22&client=safari&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 GoogleBooks] The Cheltenham manuscript. "Le Galien de Cheltenham." David M. Dougherty, Eugene B. Barnes, eds. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1981.
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