- Preobrazhensky Lifeguard regiment
Preobrazhensky Regiment ( _ru. "Преображенский полк") was one of the oldest
regiments of the Russian army. It was formed by Peter the Great in the late 17th century from his poteshnye voiska ( _ru. потешные войска, 'droll forces') during his military games in a village of Preobrazhenskoye (now, a locality in Moscow). The Preobrazhensky regiment has distinguished itself during the Great Northern Warof 1700–1721, the Patriotic Warof 1812, and the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. The regiment was disbanded by its last commander, Colonel Alexander Kutepov(later a general) in December of 1917.The leib guard of Catherine the Greatand main supporter of the bloodless coup against her husband Peter III Romanow was elected to the main honourable regiment for demonstration after 14th July 1762. In the 18th and 19th century membership was reserved to young Russian aristocrats and was considered a proof of loyalty to the government and Tsar. Its glorious reputation end in the Russian revolution.
* 1683 - Peter the Great begins to assemble the "droll regiments". Initially the number of soldiers were less than fifty.
* 1687 - "Droll regiments" become regular army regiments
Semenovsky regimentand Preobrazhensky.
* 1695 - Preobrazhensky regiment (nine companies) takes part in the
* 1696 - The regiment is divided into four
battalions and two separate companies of bombardiers and grenadiers.
* 1700—1720 - Takes part in all major battles of the
Great Northern War.
* 1700 - Before the
Battle of Narvais officially named Leib-GuardPreobrazhensky regiment.
* 1706 - Tzar Peter the Great adopts the military rank of
Colonelof Preobrazhensky regiment.
* 1722 - Takes part in the war against Persia.
* 1722 - According to Russian
Table of Rankssoldiers of Preobrazhensky regiment were to be considered two ranks higher than in ordinary units.
* 1726 - Moscow company of Preobrazhensky regiment becomes a separate "Moscow leib-guard battalion" and later "Murom leib-guard battalion".
* 1737—1739 - War against
* 1737 - Takes part in the Battle of
* 1742 - War against
* 1789—1790 - War against
* 1796 - Battalions of the Preobrazhensky regiment are named according to their chiefs: 1st battalion - His Majesty, 2nd battalion - Lieutenant-General Tatischev, 3d Battalion - General-Field-Marshal
Suvorov, Grenadier Battalion - Major-General Arakcheev.
* 1805 - As a part of the Grand Duke's Corps of Guards the 1st and 3rd battalions leave St. Petersburg for Austria on
22 August; on 2 Decembertake part in the battle of Austerlitzand return to St. Petersburg on 19 April 1806.
* 1807 - In February the Regiment, consisting of all 4 battalions, starts the march as a part of Grand Duke's Corps of Guards; on
5 Juneengages Ney’s troops near Gutschadtand Altkirchenand on 14 Junetakes part in the battle of Friedland; returns to St. Petersburg in August.
* 1808 - On
9 Septemberthe 2nd battalion of the regiment enters the Corps of Major-General Strogonovin Vilmanstrand( Finland).
* 1809 - On
10 March, being a part of the Corps of Lieutenant-General Prince Bagration, starts its march to Sweden through the Aland islands; on 14 Marchfights the enemy's rearguard on the island of Lemland; on 17 Marchstops on the Eckeröisland, closest to the Swedish shore, and after the talks with Sweden begins moving back; returns to St. Petersburg in October.
* 1811 - The regiment is transformed into 3 battalions; each battalion now comprises one grenadier company (
grenadierand tirailleurplatoons) and three fusiliercompanies.
* 1812 - As a part of the Grand Duke's Corps of Guards, the regiment moves in March to
Vilno, where it joins the 1st Western Army of Barklay-de-Tolly; on 7 Septembertakes part in the battle of Borodino. During the French retreat from Moscow the regiment was in the reserve all the time and returns to Vilno in December.
* 1813 - On
13 Januarythe Guard crosses the Nieman river in the presence of the Emperor; on 2 Aprilparticipates in the grand parade in the presence of the Emperor and King Frederick William III of Prussia; on 14 Apriltriumphantly enters Dresden; on 2 Maytakes part in the battle of Lutzen; on the 19th, 20th and 21st of May the regiment is a central reserve under the command of Grand Duke in the battle of Bautzen; on 28 Augustand 29 August, being a part of 1st Guards Infantry Division under the command of General Yermolov, is distinguished in the battle of Kulm.
* 1814 - On
13 Januaryin the presence of the Emperor Alexander I the Regiment crosses the Rhineat Baseland as a part of the reserve of the Main Army under Barklay-de-Tolly, participates in every offensive and retreat until the battle of Paris ( 30 March); on 31 Marchtriumphantly enters the capital of France; 1st battalion of the regiment has its bivouac near the Palace of Tuileries. After staying in Paris for more than two months the Regiment leaves for Normandy, embarking at Cherbourgon 15 Juneand on 12 Augustentering St. Petersburg through the Triumphal arch, constructed by the Emperor's order in the memory of excellent service of the Guard in 1812—1814.
* 1877—1878 - War against Ottoman Empire.
* 1906 - First Battalion excluded from the regiment and stripped of Leib-Guard privilegies, instead the new first battalion of the regiment is formed from cavaliers of the
Order of St. Georgeand heroes of the Russo-Japanese War.
* 1914—1917 -
World War I.
* 1917 - Disbanded in December by
Alexander Kutepov, its last commander.
This colour was given to the Regiment in order to celebrate its action at Kulm, where the outnumbered Preobrazhensky regiment withstood the charge of French troops.
* [http://www.lgpp.petrobrigada.ru/history/hist.htm History of Preobrazhensky regiment] - in Russian
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