- Battle of Salla (1939)
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Salla
caption=Initial Soviet advance November 30 – December 17
November 30 1939to 28 February 1940
Salla, Finnish Lapland
result= Finnish victory
Major General Kurt Martti Wallenius, Swedish General Ernst Linder
strength1=Several battalions, from 10.2 1940 9,400
casualties1=187 dead, 211 wounded, 21 captured (finns) 23 volunteers dead, 39 wounded, 7 captured
casualties2=5,000 dead, 8,000 wounded, 180 captured
The Battle of Salla was fought between Finnish and Soviet troops near
Sallain northern Finland during the Winter War. The Soviets had orders to advance through Salla to Kemijärviand Sodankylä, and from there to Rovaniemiin just two weeks. From there they were to advance to Tornioand cut Finland in two. The Finnish troops managed to stop the Soviet advance just east of Kemijärvi. During the last days of February 1940 the Finnish troops were replaced with the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish volunteers of the Stridsgruppen SFK.
Order of battle
There were only a few Finnish troops in the area at the start of the war. The 17th Separate Battalion ("Er.P 17") or the "Salla Battalion" was mobilized before the war. Its main components came from a company of the Frontier Guard. The Finnish troops were part of the
Lapland Group("Lapin Ryhmä") which was commanded by Major General Kurt Martti Wallenius.
The Soviets attacked with two divisions, the 122nd and the 88th.
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