- Eduardo Frei Montalva
Infobox President | name=Eduardo Frei Montalva
President of Chile
November 3, 1964
November 3, 1970
death_date=death date and age|1982|1|22|1911|1|16|mf=y
spouse=María Ruiz-Tagle Jiménez
Eduardo Nicanor Frei Montalva (1911–1982) was a
Chilean politicalfigure and president of Chilefrom 1964 to 1970. His eldest son, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, also became president of Chile(1994-2000).
Eduardo Frei Montalva was born in Santiago on
January 16, 1911, the son of Eduardo Frei Schlinz, a Swiss-born ethnic German from Austria, and Victoria Montalva Martínez. He attended high school at the Instituto de Humanidades Luis Campinoand went on to study law at the Universidad Católica de Chile, graduating as a lawyer in 1933. He married María Ruiz-Tagleand had 5 children.
He began his political career in the Conservative Party, but was among a group of young men who founded their own party in 1938: the Falange Nacional. In 1957, the Falange became the
Christian Democratic Party of Chile, and he became the undisputed leader.
He was minister of Public Works in 1945, and
senatorin 1949. He ran for president in 1958 before being elected in 1964. That year he was elected with his "Revolución en Libertad" ("Revolution in Liberty") slogan by a large margin (56%), defeating Socialist candidate Salvador Allendewho only received 39% of the vote, but who subsequently won the 1970 Chilean presidential election.
His campaign had been supported by the
CIA, who feared an Allende victory, with US$ 3 million, mostly used in the Chilean media. [ [http://www.odci.gov/cia/reports/chile/index.html#14 CIA Site Redirect — Central Intelligence Agency ] ]
Frei's administration began many reforms in Chilean society. "Promoción Popular" (Social Promotion), "Reforma Agraria" (Agrarian Reform), "Reforma Educacional" (Education Reform), and "Juntas de Vecinos" (Neighborhood Associations) were some of his main projects. He also took measures to rationalise drug supply.
, until its opening to the public in 1966.
Position on Pinochet
After Allende's 1970 victory, Frei became convinced of what he called a "totalitarian project" to impose a Communist tyranny. His Christian Democratic Party supported the Armed Forces intervention to remove Allende from office in 1973, after the Chamber of Deputies on
August 22, 1973, accused Allende of violating the Constitution. In November 1974 Frei wrote a historic letter to Mariano Rumor, President of the International Christian Democrats, endorsing the Armed Forces intervention and denouncing what he alleged was an attempt by Allende to impose in Chile a Communist dictatorship. [ [http://www.memoriachilena.cl/archivos2/pdfs/MC0023241.pdf Letter to Mariano Rumor, 8 November, 1973] , also at [http://es.wikisource.org/wiki/Carta_de_Eduardo_Frei_Montalva_a_Mariano_Rumor%2C_Presidente_de_la_Uni%C3%B3n_Mundial_de_la_Democracia_Cristiana wikisource] (Spanish).]
Frei later became part of the opposition against the
Augusto Pinochetdictatorship. Fact|date=December 2007
Frei died in Santiago, on
January 22, 1982, after undergoing surgery for a stomach illness. His death was attributed to an infection, septicaemia, stemming from surgery. He is buried in the Cementerio General de Santiago.
His death is a matter of controversy due to allegations that he was poisoned by the Pinochet regime, allegedly using a toxin produced by the
DINAbiochemist Eugenio Berrios. After Belgian researchers from the University of Ghent reportedly found mustard gasin Frei's body, the former president's family filed a lawsuit, which is still pending as of 2007 [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6289209.stm Ex-Chilean leader 'was murdered'] , BBC, 23 January 2007] . Some commentators, notably conservative columnist Hermógenes Pérez de Arce, dispute the existence of the Belgian report, citing the denial by the University's chief of communications, Tom de Smedt, that an investigation had been done in that university [Pérez de Arce, Hermógenes, "En el nivel 49", " El Mercurio", 31 January 2007] .
History of Chile
* [http://www.biografiadechile.cl/contenido.php?IdCategoria=10&IdArea=323&TituloPagina=Historia%20de%20Chile Biography] es
* [http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/20040925/index.htm Chile 1964: CIA covert support in FREI election]
* Steve Anderson [http://www.tcgnews.com/santiagotimes/index.php?nav=story&story_id=8732&topic_id=1 Body of Chile's Former President Frei May Be Exhumed] , "The Santiago Times",
April 5, 2005
* [http://www.genealog.cl/Sur/M/Montalva/ Genealogical chart of Family Frei-Montalva]
President of Chile
years=1964 - 1970succession box
President of the Senate of Chile
Government Junta of Chile (1973)
title=History of Chile
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