William Leeke

William Leeke

William Leeke (1797 – 1879) was a British Army officer and clergyman, famous for his published reminiscences of the Waterloo Campaign, which form a primary source for many modern histories of the campaign.

Early life

Leeke was born in 1797 on the Isle of Wight to a naval family, who owned an estate in Hampshire. He was brother to Sir Henry John Leeke, who rose to the rank of admiral in the Royal Navy. Their father was Samuel Leeke, a deputy lieutenant of Hampshire, [J. K. Laughton, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/16328 ‘Leeke, Sir Henry John (1794–1870)’] , rev. Roger T. Stearn, "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, October 2005, accessed 9 September 2008] and their mother was Sophia, daughter of Capt. Richard Bargus, R.N. ["Peerage of the House of Commons" (1862) [http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=AecNAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA191&lpg=PA191&dq=%22Samuel+Leeke%22+Sophia&source=web&ots=vhEmZGhezO&sig=Fv0t5ypfjl_j6s0eFX7YsF3p9ZM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result p. 191] ] Leeke's eldest brother Samuel had also served in the navy, but died off Cadiz in 1810, while serving as a lieutenant. [Leeke (Vol II), p. 462] His sister, Urania, married Admiral Sir Edward Tucker. [ [http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=cOEhAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA673&lpg=PA673&dq=Edward+Tucker+Leeke&source=web&ots=c7n_B9wmup&sig=sUUPUDxV7tp5EAQ4ZWW0ujdfbbE&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result "The Gentleman's Magazine 1864, p. 673] ]

Military experience

William Leeke obtained his commission as an ensign in the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot through the influence of Sir John Colborne [Leeke (Vol I), pp. 2–3] (later Lord Seaton), the regiment's colonel, who was a relative: Leeke's mother's brother, Thomas Bargus, had married Colborne's mother. [Leeke (Vol I), p. 7] [cite web | url=http://www.angelfire.com/planet/madjack/pafg56.htm#1564 | title= John "Mad Jack" Fuller, Squire of Brightling: a genealogy | accessed 2008-09-10 ] (Colborne's father had died in 1785, when he was seven). [A. A. D. Seymour, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/5835 ‘Colborne, John, first Baron Seaton (1778–1863)’] , "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, January 2008, accessed 9 September 2008] Originally joining the 52nd as a Gentleman Volunteer in May 1815, he was gazetted ensign almost immediately, [Leeke (Vol I), p. 6] the promotion dated 4 May. [LondonGazette|issue=17011|startpage=891|date=13 May 1815|accessdate=2008-09-10] He was only 17, [Leeke (Vol I), p. 3] which made him the youngest ensign at Waterloo.Gray & Stubbings, p. 87]

He carried the 52nd's Regimental Colours during the Battle of Waterloo, [Leeke (Vol I), p. 20] which gave him a good understanding of the 52nd's actions during the battle.

Leeke purchased his promotion to lieutenant on 20 November 1823, [LondonGazette|issue=17979|startpage=1990|date=29 November 1823|accessdate=2008-09-09] and remained in the 52nd until 2 September 1824 when he exchanged into the 42nd Regiment of Foot, on half-pay. [LondonGazette|issue=18063|startpage=1534|date=18 September 1824|accessdate=2008-09-09] Despite the fact that he was by then studying at Cambridge, he returned to full-pay as a lieutenant in the Ceylon Regiment on 28 May 1828, by exchange. [LondonGazette|issue=18479|startpage=1166|date=17 June 1828|accessdate=2008-09-09] He sold out on 28 August 1828. [LondonGazette|issue=18503|startpage=1688|date=9 September 1828|accessdate=2008-09-10]

University studies and work for the Church of England

After leaving the army, Leeke attended Queens' College, Cambridge, gaining a BA in 1829 and and MA in 1832. In 1829 Leeke was ordained deacon in the Church of England, serving as curate at Westham, Sussex. He was ordained priest in 1830 and in 1831 became stipendary curate at Brailsford with Osmaston, Derbyshire. [http://www.theclergydatabase.org.uk/cce/apps/persons/DisplayPerson.jsp?PersonID=15294 Person record for Leeke, William] in the Clergy of the Church of England Database. Retrieved 9 September 2008.] Then, in 1840, was appointed Perpetual Curate of Michael's Church at Holbrook in Derbyshire, living in Holbrooke Hall. He was also Rural Dean of Duffield.cite web |url=http://www.queens.cam.ac.uk/Queens/Record/1998/History/Waterloo.html |title=A Queens' Veteran of Waterloo|accessdate=2008-09-09 |author=Holmes, Jonathan Holmes and Laird, Jack|date=1998 |work=Queens' College Record 1998 |publisher=Queens' College, Cambridge]

While at Cambridge, in 1827 Leeke instituted the Jesus Lane Sunday School in an attempt to improve conditions in the local slums. [cite web |url=http://intervarsity1.uchicago.edu/kal/simeon.html |title=Charles Simeon (12 November 1836)|accessdate=2008-09-09 |author=Kimbrough, John|date= 03/14/2007|work=|publisher=Intervarsity Christian Fellowship: University of Chicago] His work eventually resulted in the establishment of an elementary school, which has now evolved into Parkside Community College. His four sons also volunteered at the Sunday School during their respective times in Cambridge while students at Trinity.cite web |url=http://www.quns.cam.ac.uk/Queens/Record/1999/History/Leeke.html |title=Ensign Leeke Part II |accessdate=2008-09-09 |author=Holmes, Jonathan|date=1999 |work=Queens' College Record 1999 |publisher=Queens' College, Cambridge]

He wrote the works "A Few Suggestions for Increasing the Incomes of many of the Smaller Livings and for the almost total Abolition of Pluralities, more especially addressed to the Members of Both Houses of Parliament" and "Memorials to the Archbishop of Canterbury, from Seventy-two of the Clergy of Derbyshire, on the Abolition of Pluralities".


In 1828, Leeke married Mary Ann Cox, daughter of John Cox, of Derby. Her sister Maria married George Gawler, a fellow officer of Leeke's from the 52nd Foot. [cite web |url=http://www.memorials.inportsmouth.co.uk/churches/st_simons/gawler.htm |title=St Simon's Church: Colonel George Gawler KH |accessdate=2008-09-10 |author= |date=May, 1891 |work=Memorials and Monuments in Portsmouth |publisher=]

They had four sons – Edward Tucker, Henry, John Cox and Samuel – and four daughters.

Two of Leeke's sons entered the church. Edward Tucker became sub-dean of Lincoln Cathedral, and John Cox was made Bishop of Woolwich in 1905. Henry was a notable athlete, competing in the throwing events for Cambridge University, and English Amateur champion for the hammer throw. His son, Henry Alan Leeke, represented Great Britain in the throwing events at the 1908 Summer Olympics. Samuel was a barrister at Lincoln's Inn. He was called to the bar in 1873, and worked up until his death at 77 in 1925. He was known for his skill as a conveyancer and equity draftsman, and also worked successfully as an advocate, with a reputation for not losing cases. His obituary in "The Times" commended his "charming manner and old-world courtesy", and described him as "a fine old English gentlemen" who excited respect and affection from those who met him. ["Mr Samuel Leeke", "The Times" Monday, December 14, 1925, p. 16, col. 5]

In 1863, leeke's eldest daughter Sophia married Thomas Horsfall , MP for Liverpool; she was his third wife, and died in 1867. [Leeke (Vol II), p. 42] [The Gentleman's Magazine, [http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=-9khAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA542&dq=%22Sophia+Horsfall%22&client=firefox-a#PPA543,M1 1867, pp. 542–3] ] His daughter Jane married Edward Latham ("d". 1883), housemaster of Repton School then vicar of Matlock Bath. Edward and Jane had ten children, including Jane Leeke Latham, an educationalist and missionary. [Margaret Bryant, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/51785 ‘Latham, Jane Leeke (1867–1938)’] , "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 9 September 2008] ]

Leeke died in 1879. There is a stained glass memorial to him and his wife in St Michael's Church, Holbrooke. [cite web |url=http://www.andrewspages.dial.pipex.com/dby/kelly/holbrooke.htm |title=Holbrooke, Derbyshire |accessdate=2008-09-09 |author= |date=May, 1891 |work=Kelly's Directory of the Counties of Derby, Notts, Leicester and Rutland, pp. 230-231 |publisher=] A street in Cambridge was named after Leeke, but has now been demolished.

"The History of Lord Seaton's Regiment"

"The history of Lord Seaton's regiment, (the 52nd light infantry) at the battle of Waterloo; together with various incidents connected with that regiment, not only at Waterloo but also at Paris, in the north of France, and for several years afterwards: to which are added many of the author's reminiscences of his military and clerical careers during a period of more than fifty years" was published in two volumes in 1866.

Leeke's account of the Battle of Waterloo caused some controversy, since he claimed that official records erred in ascribing the defeat of Napoleon's Imperial Guard to the British 1st Foot Guards. [Leeke (Vol I), p. 79ff] Leeke claimed that the 52nd Foot alone, under the command of Sir John Colborne (later Lord Seaton), was responsible for turning the flank of the Imperial Guard in the last stages of the battle, ensuring the victory, stating on the title page of both volumes that:

The author claims for Lord Seaton and the 52nd the honour of having defeated, single-handed, without the assistance of the 1st British Guards or any other troops, that portion of the Imperial Guard of France, about 10,000 in number, which advanced to make the last attack on the British position. [Leeke (Vol II), p. iii]
Leeke also lamented that Wellington's despatches had unfairly made no mention of Colborne's vital command, and the 52nd's "daring feat". [Leeke (Vol II), p. 80] His memoirs were partly inspired by what he felt to be a "very great injustice [that] has been done to Lord Seaton and the 52nd Light Infantry, which regiment he commanded at Waterloo, by those who have attempted, in subsequent years, to write the history of that great battle", and that he considered "the truth, with regard to what we knew the 52nd had achieved at Waterloo, ought to see the light". [Leeke (Vol I), p. v]



* Gray, Ronald D.; Stubbings, Derek; (2000) "Cambridge Street-names: Their Origins and Associations", UK: Cambridge University Press ISBN 9780521789561, excerpts available [http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=HDt9IGapyOAC online]
*Leeke, William (1866) "The History of Lord Seaton's Regiment: Volume I", London: Hatchard and Co., available [http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=ErJT-cyGH0kC online]
*Leeke, William; (1866) "The History of Lord Seaton's Regiment: Volume II", London: Hatchard and Co., available [http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=zDIQAAAAYAAJ online]

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