- International Herald Tribune
name = International Herald Tribune
type = Daily
foundation = 1887
The New York Times Company
political = none
Several international offices
editor = William Schimdt
managing editor = Alison Smale
website = [http://www.iht.com/ www.iht.com]
circulation = 242,073
The "International Herald Tribune" is a widely read
English languageinternational newspaper. It combines the resources of its own correspondents with those of " The New York Times" and is printed at 33 sites throughout the world, for sale in more than 180 countries. The "IHT" is part of The New York Times Company. It has been based in Parissince its founding in 1887.
The "Herald" was founded on
October 4, 1887, as the European edition of the " New York Herald" by the parent paper's owner, James Gordon Bennett, Jr.The company is based in Neuilly-sur-Seine, a suburb of Paris.
In 1928, the "Herald" became the first newspaper distributed by airplane, flying copies to
Londonfrom Paris in time for breakfast. Publication of the "IHT" was interrupted during Nazi Germany's occupation of Paris (1940–1944).
John Hay Whitney, a businessman and US Ambassador to the UK, bought the " New York Herald Tribune" and its European edition. In 1966, the New York paper closed, but the Whitney family kept the Paris paper going through partnerships. In December 1966, " The Washington Post" became a joint owner.
"The New York Times" became a joint owner of the "Herald" in May 1967; the newspaper became known as the "International Herald Tribune".
In 1974 the "IHT" began transmitting facsimile pages of the paper between nations and opened a printing site near London. In 1977, the paper opened a second site in
The "IHT" began to send electronic images of newspaper pages from Paris to
Hong Kongvia satellite in 1980, making the paper simultaneously available on opposite sides of the planet. This was the first such intercontinental transmission of an English-language daily newspaper and followed the pioneering efforts of the Chinese-language Sing Tao Dailynewspaper.
In 1991, "The Washington Post" and "The New York Times" became sole and equal shareholders of the newspaper.
In February 2005, it opened its Asia newsroom in Hong Kong.
As of 2007, the IHT is completely owned by The New York Times Company, after that firm purchased the 50% stake owned by the
Washington Post Companyon December 30, 2002. The takeover ended a 35-year partnership between the two domestic competitors. The "Post" was forced to sell when the "Times" threatened to pull out and start a competing paper. As a result, the "Post" entered into an agreement to publish selected articles in " The Wall Street Journal's" European edition.
Affiliations with international newspapers include:
*"Al Watan Daily (
Daily Star (Lebanon)"
Asahi Shimbun" ( Japan)
JoongAng Daily" ( South Korea)
Haaretz" ( Israel)
The Moscow Times" ( Russia)
Kathimerini" ( Greece)
El País" ( Spain) A daily, eight-page English language version of El País comes with the Spanish edition of IHT.
Daily Star (Egypt)"
The Deccan Chronicle" ( India)
* [http://www.iht.com/ Official website]
* [http://www.ketupa.net/herald.htm Ketupa.net's "New York Herald-Tribune" and "IHT" media profile]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.