- 1960 Winter Olympics
Name = VIII Olympic Winter Games
Size = 150
Optional caption = The emblem is made up of three red,
white, and yellow triangles, which represent a
star or snowflake, and the Olympic rings.
Host city = Squaw Valley,
California, United States
Nations participating = 30
Athletes participating = 665
(521 men, 144 women)
Events = 27 in four
Opening ceremony =
February 18, 1960
Closing ceremony =
February 28, 1960
Officially opened by = Vice President
Athlete's Oath =
Judge's Oath =
Olympic Torch =
Winter Olympics, officially known as the VIII Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport eventwhich was celebrated between February 18and February 28, 1960in Squaw Valley, California, United States(located near the Lake Tahoebasin). Squaw Valley won the bid in 1955. It was the first return of the Olympic Games to North America in 28 years.
Alexander Cushing, the creator of the resortwas initially inspired to submit Squaw Valley when he noticed a newspaper article mentioning Reno, Nevadaand Anchorage, Alaskahad expressed interest in the Games. Squaw Valley was a town with no mayor, and claimed one ski resort with only one chairlift, two rope tows, and a fifty-room lodge. In fact, Cushing was the only inhabitant and homeowner in the whole area. To this day, many wonder how he convinced the International Olympic Committee to select the little known resort. Nevertheless, the bid captured the imagination of the International Olympic Committee, although IOC head Avery Brundagestated "the USOC obviously has taken leave of their senses." Cushing campaigned vigorously to win the Games and networked to gain many allies, particularly from South American Olympic Committees, who normally cared little for the Winter Games. Stressing simplicity and "the World's Games" (as opposed to dominant Europe), the tiny resort beat out previous hosts St. Moritz, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, and favorite Innsbruck, Austria, which would go on to host the 1964 Winter Olympics.
The Games were awarded in
June 16, 1955, at the 50th IOC Sessionin Paris, France, to "shock and disbelief" over Innsbruck, and a four and a half year rush to construct roads, hotels, restaurants, and bridges, as well as the ice arena, the speed skatingtrack, ski lifts, and ski jumping hillbegan. Criticism of the high altitude, remote location, and lack of facilities were shown to be only partly justified when the contests were over. [http://www.kiat.net/olympics/history/winter/w08squawvalley.html Kiat.net] ] Olympic course designer Willy Schaeffler walked the mountain for four days before appearing in declaring the site worthy. His valuable credits (the 1936 Games and the 1952 World Championships in Aspen) led him to tirelessly design the courses for the Games. [http://www.infoplease.com/ipsa/A0300765.html Infoplease] ] In fact, the alpine and cross-country courses were so difficult that they garnered quite a bit of controversy.
The chart's information below comes from [http://www.aldaver.com/votes.html the International Olympic Committee Vote History] web page.
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=2&OLGY=1960 Official site]
* [http://www.1960olympicphotos.com/ Bill Briner Photo Collection of the 1960 Games]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jdUsoyZy2aA Clip of US vs USSR ice hockey match]
* [http://www.marcolympics.org/jeux/1960/winter/index.php The program of the 1960 Squaw Valley Winter Olympics]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.