List of Brazilians of Black African descent

List of Brazilians of Black African descent

Ethnic group
|group= Afro-Brazilian
"Afro-Brasileiro"


caption=
poptime= "Black": "c." 12.908 million
6.9% of Brazil's population

"Pardo": "c." 79.782 million
42.6% of Brazil's population cite web |title=PNAD |date=2006 |url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/trabalhoerendimento/pnad2006/brasilpnad2006.pdf |language=Portuguese |accessdate=2007-09-14 ]
"c." 92.69 million
49.5% of Brazil's population
popplace= Brazil
langs=Portuguese
rels=Predominantly Christianity (majorly Roman Catholic)
related=African American, Afro-Arab, Afro-Chilean, Afro-Argentine, Afro-Cuban, Afro-Ecuadorian, Afro-German, Afro-Irish, Afro-Latin American, Afro-Mexican, Afro-Peruvian, Afro-Trinidadian, Black British, Afro-Caribbean, Black Canadian, Black French, Black People, Afro-European, Afro-Turk ,African Australian, Afro-Jamaicans, Afro-Costa Rican, Afro-Uruguayan.

Afro-Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black.

Brazil has the largest population of black origin outside of Africa [ [http://www.newint.org/issue226/black.htm Newint.org] ] with 6.9% classyfing themselves as black ("negro") and 42.6% as brown ("pardo"), a broad classification that encompasses Brazilians of mixed race ancestry, mulattos, and assimilated indigenous people ("caboclos"), making the total of 49.5%.

The vast majority of Brazilians have some African ancestry (86%, according to a genetic study). However, because the intensive mixing with Europeans and Native Indians, Brazilians with African ancestors may or may not show any trace of black physiognomy. [http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-40142004000100004&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en#tab06 Estudos Avançados - Pode a genética definir quem deve se beneficiar das cotas universitárias e demais ações afirmativas? ] ]

In sports

Football (soccer)

*Pelé
*Arthur Friedenreich
*Romário
*Ronaldo
*Adriano
*Carlos Alberto
*Dida
*Cafu
*Denílson
*Rivaldo
*Leônidas
*Jairzinho
*Júlio Baptista
*Juan
*Luís Fabiano
*Ronaldinho
*Robinho
*Zé Roberto
*Luís Fabiano
*Vágner Love
*Gilberto Aparecido da Silva
*Mineiro
*Alex Rodrigo Dias da Costa
*Kléber
*Gilberto
*Helton

Capoeira

* Mestre Amen Santo
* Mestre Barba Branca
* Mestre Bimba
* Mestre Cobra Mansa
* Mestre João Grande
* Mestre João Pequeno
* Mestre Jogo de Dentro
* Mestre Moraes
* Mestre Pastinha
* Mestre Pé de Chumbo

Other sports

*Adhemar Ferreira da Silvandash Athlete, he won two olympic gold medals on the triple jump
*Daiane dos Santosndash Gymnast
*Anderson Silvandash Mixed martial arts fighter, current UFC middleweight champion
*Leandro Barbosandash Basketball player
*Nenêndash Basketball player
*Janeth Arcainndash Basketball player
*Jadel Gregóriondash Athlete
*Nelson Prudênciondash Athlete
*Zuluzinhondash Wrestler
*Pedro Pintondash Swimmer
*Diogo Silvandash Taekwondo gold medal in 2007 Panamerican Games

Actors

*Abdias do Nascimento
*Alexandre Rodrigues
*Camila Pitanga
*Darlan Cunha
*Douglas Silva
*Eliezer Gomes
*Grande Otelo
*Lázaro Ramos
*Leandro Firmino
*Milton Gonçalves
*Preta Gil
*Ruth de Souza
*Seu Jorge
*Taís Araújo

Music

*Alcione
*Aldeoni
*Alexandre Pires
*Jorge Aragão
*Alex Pereira Barbosa
*Jorge Ben-Jor
*Leci Brandão
*Carlinhos Brown
*Cartola
*Chico César
*Clara Nunes
*Mauro Diniz
*Djavan
*José Maurício Nunes Garcia
*Gilberto Gil
*Almir Guineto
*Paula Lima
*Nei Lopes
*Tim Maia
*Racionais MC's
*Vanessa da Mata
*Luciana Mello
*Margareth Menezes
*Wilson Moreira
*Milton Nascimento
*Jair Oliveira
*Marcelo Maldonado Gomes Peixoto
*Pixinguinha
*Jahred Shane
*Jorge Mário da Silva
*Marco Antonio Silva
*Elza Soares
*Wagner Borges Ribeiro de Souza

Politics

*Albuíno Cunha de Azeredo - Espírito Santo State Governor (1991-1994)
*Alceu Collares - Rio Grande do Sul State Governor (1991-1994)
*Abdias do Nascimento - Federal Deputy and Nobel Prize for Peace nominee
*Benedita da Silva - First female senator in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro State Governor (2002), Minister of Social Action
*Celso Pitta - São Paulo City Mayor (1997-2000)
*João Alves Filho - Sergipe State Governor (1983-1987;1991-1994)
*Nilo Peçanha [http://books.google.com.br/books?id=9Yv38N0-CqMC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0#PPP1,M1 BEATTIE, Peter M. The Tibute of Blood: Army, Honor, Race, and Nation in Brazil, 1864-1945. Duke University Press, 2001. ISBN 0822327430,9780822327431. pp. 7.] (visited September 3, 2008)] [http://www.jstor.org/pss/2511892 GIFFIN, Donald W. The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Aug., 1964), pp. 437-439] . Review of TINOCO, Brígido. A vida de Nilo Peçanha. Coleção Documentos Brasileiros, Livraria José Olympio Editora, RJ, 1962. (visited September 3, 2008)] [http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0007/000735/073516eo.pdf MÉTRAUX, Alfred. Brazil, Land of Harmony for all Races?. UNESCO Courier, Volume IV, no 4, April 1951; pp. 3] (visited September 3, 2008)] [http://www.pe.sebrae.com.br:8080/notitia/dowload/Civilizacao_Acucareira_Manuel_Correia.pdf ANDRADE, Manuel Correia de. A Civilização Açucareira. Recife:Biblioteca On-line do SEBRAE-PE. pp. 3] (visited August 8, 2008)] [http://www.maxwell.lambda.ele.puc-rio.br/cgi-bin/PRG_0599.EXE/11408_5.PDF?NrOcoSis=36887&CdLinPrg=pt CAMPOS, Diego de Souza Araújo. Um Estudo sobre a Escravidão em suas Relações com a Hierarquia Social: Heranças e Particularidades da Instituição Escravocrata. Dissertação de Mestrado em Ciências Sociais. Rio de Janeiro: PUC-Rio, setembro de 2007. pp. 61] (visited September 2, 2008)] [http://www.ihp.org.br/colecoes/lib_ihp/docs/fjrv20010520t.htm VASCONCELLOS, Francisco de. As Grandes Damas do Rio Negro na República Velha "in" Petrópolis:Tribuna de Petrópolis; May 20, 2001] (visited August 9, 2008)] LUSTOSA, Isabel. As Trapaças da Sorte: Ensaios de História Política e de História Cultural. Belo Horizonte: Editora UFMG, 314 pages, 2004. Reviewed by [http://www.storm-magazine.com/novodb/arqmais.php?id=524&sec=&secn= Adelto Gonçalves. Elite "branca" no Brasil. Storm Magazine] (visited September 3, 2008)] [http://dspace.c3sl.ufpr.br/dspace/bitstream/1884/13871/1/Cleverson1-def.pdf CARNEIRO, Cleverson Ribas. Mendes Fradique e seu Método Confuso: Sátira, Boemia e Reformismo Conservador. Tese de Doutorado em Letras. Curitiba: Universidade Federal do Paraná, 2008. pp. 148] (visited September 3, 2008)] [http://www.iuperj.br/biblioteca/teses/marcelo%20paixao%20tese.pdf PAIXÂO, Marcelo Jorge de Paula. Crítica da Razão Culturalista: relações raciais e a construção das desigualdades sociais no Brasil. Tese de Doutorado em Sociologia. Rio de Janeiro:Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro, abril de 2005. pp. 296] (visited September 3, 2008)] NETO, Manoel. O Negro no Maranhão. São Luís: Clara Comunicação e Editora Ltda. 2004, p.73-79 "apud" [http://www.guesaerrante.com.br/2005/11/29/Pagina164.htm Manoel Neto. Ninguém quer ser negro. Suplemento Cultural e Literário JP Guesa Errante, Ano III, Edição 82] (visited September 3, 2008)] FREYRE, Gilberto. Foot-ball mulato, "in" Diário de Pernambuco, 17-6-1938 "apud" [http://www.scielo.oces.mctes.pt/pdf/aso/n179/n179a06.pdf MARANHÂO, Tiago. Apolíneos e dionisíacos — o papel do futebol no pensamento de Gilberto Freyre a respeito do «povo brasileiro», "in" Análise Social, vol. XLI (179), 2006, pp. 441] (visited September 3, 2008)] .Dagoberto José Fonseca, anthropology professor of Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) of Araraquara. In: [http://www2.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/secretarias/cultura/imprensa/0566 Painéis resgatam negros ilustres, 'branqueados' pela história] (visited September 3, 2008)] [Muniz Sodré, journalist, writer and professor of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). In: [http://www.brasileirinho.mus.br/artigos/munizsodre.htm Fabio Gomes. Muniz Sodré e a Cultura do Sentir. Brasileirinho, a sua página de Música Brasileira] (visited September 3, 2008)] [Alberto da Costa e Silva. Interview published in Zero Hora; Caderno Cultura; July 14, 2007. Republished in [http://www.fundacaoastrojildo.org.br/index.asp?opcao=mostra_noticia&id=1351 Entrevista: Alberto da Costa e Silva. Fundação Astrojilgo Pereira] (visited September 3, 2008)] [NASCIMENTO, Abdias; NASCIMENTO, Elisa Larkin. O negro e o Congresso brasileiro. In: MUNANGA, Kabengele. (Org.) História do negro no Brasil. v.1 Brasília:Fundação Palmares, 2004 "apud" [http://www.bdtd.ufpe.br/tedeSimplificado//tde_arquivos/5/TDE-2007-05-28T110827Z-1654/Publico/rod.pdf DUARTE, Rebeca Oliveira. Nos Alicerces do Mundo: O dilema e a dialética na afirmação da identidade negra. Dissertação de Mestrado em Ciência Política. Recife: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, agosto de 2006; pág. 25] , and also "apud" [http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/nationalreports/latinamericathecaribbean/brazil/Brazil_2005_po.pdf Relatório de Desenvolvimento Humano - Racismo, Pobreza e Violência - Brasil 2005. Brasília: PNUD Brasil, pág. 28] (visited September 3, 2008)] , seventh president of Brazil (1909-1910)

Supreme Court Justices

* Hermenegildo de Barros (from 1919 to 1937)
*Joaquim Benedito Barbosa Gomes (since 2003)
* Pedro Lessa (from 1907 to 1921) [ [http://veja.abril.com.br/140503/p_050.html] Enfim, um negro chega lá; VEJA Magazine, May 14, 2003]

Writers

*Machado de Assis
*Lima Barreto
*João da Cruz e Sousa
*Paulo Leminski

Arts

*Antônio Francisco Lisboa, the "Aleijadinho" - sculptor, the most famous Brazilian artist of colonial times.

Science and Technology

*André Rebouças - engineer.
*Milton Santos - geographer, received the Vautrin Lud International Geography Prize in 1994.

Religion

*Dom José Maria "Dom Pelé" Pires - Emerit Archbishop of Paraíba
*Helvécio Martins first African descent to be called as a general authority of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Photo-gallery of famous Afro-Brazilians



ee also

*List of topics related to Black and African people
*List of Famous Afro-Latinos
*Ethnic groups in Brazil
*Demographics of Brazil

;Other groups

*African American
*Afro-Arab
*Afro-Belizean
*Afro-Cuban
*Afro-Ecuadorian
*African Australian
*Afro-German
*Afro-Irish
*Afro-Latino
*Afro-Mexican
*Afro-Peruvian
*Afro-Puerto Rican
*Afro-Trinidadian
*Black British
*Afro-Caribbean
*Black Canadian
*Afro-European
*Beta Israel

References

External links

* [http://www.portalafro.com.br Portal Afro] pt icon
* [http://www.museuafrobrasil.prodam.sp.gov.br/index_01.asp Afro Brazilian Museum] pt icon




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