Corpus striatum

Corpus striatum

Infobox Brain
Name = Corpus striatum
Latin =
GraySubject = 189
GrayPage = 833

Caption = Diagrammatic coronal section of brain to show relations of neopallium. Cs. Corpus striatum. Th. Thalamus.

Caption2 = Two views of a model of the striatum: A, lateral aspect; B, mesal aspect.
IsPartOf =
Components =
Artery =
Vein =
BrainInfoType = ancil
BrainInfoNumber = 255
MeshName = Corpus+Striatum
MeshNumber = A08.186.211.730.885.105.487
The corpus striatum (striated body) is a compound structure consisting of the striatum and the globus pallidus.cite web |url= |title=Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum |format= |work= |accessdate=]


The term has been used in a few different ways:

* It is sometimes used as another term for the basal ganglia. Fact|date=April 2008

* It may also refer to both the basal ganglia and internal capsule collectively. cite web |url= |title=General Description of the Central Nervous System |format= |work= |accessdate=]

* According to the 1917 version of Gray's Anatomy, it is the combination of the lentiform nucleus (also known as the lenticular nucleus) and the caudate nucleus

* According to BrainInfo it is a part of the basal ganglia comprising the globus pallidus and striatum.cite web |url= |title=BrainInfo |format= |work= |accessdate=]


From lateral to medial, the corpus striatum is composed of the external capsule (white matter), the lentiform nucleus (gray matter), the internal capsule (white matter), and the caudate nucleus (gray matter). The alternating white and gray matter give it a striated appearance.


The corpus striatum has received its name from the striped appearance which a section of its anterior part presents, in consequence of diverging white fibers being mixed with the gray substance which forms its chief mass.

A part of the corpus striatum is imbedded in the white substance of the hemisphere, and is therefore external to the ventricle; it is termed the extraventricular portion, or the lenticular nucleus.

The remainder, however, projects into the ventricle, and is named the intraventricular portion, or the caudate nucleus.


External links

* [ University of Manitoba]
* [ Definition of NDIF]
* [ Image at Merck]

ee also

* striatum

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  • Corpus striatum — Corpus Cor pus ( p[u^]s), n.; pl. {Corpora} ( p[ o]*r[.a]). [L.] A body, living or dead; the corporeal substance of a thing. [1913 Webster] {Corpus callosum} (k[a^]l*l[=o] s[u^]m); pl. {Corpora callosa} ( s?) [NL., callous body] (Anat.), the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CORPUS STRIATUM — CORPUS STRIATUM, см. Базальные узлы, Экстрапирамидная система …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • corpus striatum — [strī āt′əm] n. pl. corpora striata [strī ā′ə] [ModL, lit., striated body] Anat. either of two striated ganglia in front of the thalamus in each half of the brain …   English World dictionary

  • Corpus striatum — Horizontalschnitt durch das Vorderhirn, Basalganglien blau Konnektivitätschema der Basalganglien Mit Glutamat erger (rot) , Dopamin erger (blau) u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corpus striatum — dryžuotasis kūnas statusas T sritis gyvūnų anatomija, gyvūnų morfologija atitikmenys: lot. Corpus striatum ryšiai: platesnis terminas – didžioji jungtis siauresnis terminas – išorinė kapsulė siauresnis terminas – lęšinis branduolys siauresnis… …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

  • corpus striatum — corpus stri·a·tum .strī āt əm n, pl corpora stri·a·ta āt ə either of a pair of masses of nerve tissue which lie beneath and external to the anterior cornua of the lateral ventricles of the brain and form part of their floor and each of which… …   Medical dictionary

  • corpus striatum — [strʌɪ eɪtəm] noun (plural corpora striata tə) Anatomy part of the basal ganglia of the brain, comprising the caudate and lentiform nuclei. Origin from corpus and L. striatum, neut. of striatus grooved …   English new terms dictionary

  • corpus striatum — noun a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus • Syn: ↑striatum, ↑striate body • Hypernyms: ↑basal ganglion • Part Meronyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • corpus striatum — noun (plural corpora striata) Etymology: New Latin, literally, striated body Date: 1851 either of a pair of masses of nervous tissue within the brain that contain two large nuclei of gray matter separated by sheets of white matter …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Corpus striatum — …   Википедия

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