Pineapple production in Côte d'Ivoire

Pineapple production in Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire dominates the fresh pineapple trade. The export of pineapple products began during Côte d'Ivoire's colonial period, when two processing plants were established with foreign help.cite journal|last=Minot|first=Nicholas|coauthors=Ngigi, Margaret|date=2004-08|title=Are Horticultural Exports a Replicable Success Story? Evidence from Kenya and Côte d‘Ivoire|journal=International Food Policy Research Institute|url=http://www.ifpri.org/divs/eptd/dp/papers/eptdp120.pdf|format=PDF|accessdate=2008-08-07]

History

When Côte d'Ivoire gained independence, the export of pineapple products was less than half that of banana products. During the 1960s and 1970s, exports grew steadily, and by the early 1970s, the number of pineapple exports had surpassed the number of banana exports. In the 1980s, Thailand began competing with Côte d'Ivoire, pushing world prices downward. Economic reforms in Côte d'Ivoire reduced subsidies for several state enterprises and closed others, including Corfruitel, the parastatal in charge of marketing fruits, such as pineapples. At this time, most pineapple exports were canned pineapples or pineapple juice. For the reasons highlighted above, exports of these two products had practically dissappeared by 1990.

At this time, much of the Ivorian pineapple industry switched over to fresh pineapple. In a very advantageous move, it exported these to Europe by sea-freight, using the same refrigerated freighters used for bananas. Côte d'Ivoire once quasi-monopolised the world market on fresh pineapples, although it no longer enjoys that status once Costa Rica, Honduras, Ghana and other suppliers began developing their share of the industry.

Farming and production

Côte d'Ivoire is Europe's leading pineapple source, supplying over 200,000 tons of fresh fruit a year, or 60% of the European market. [cite web|url=http://www.actahort.org/books/425/425_2.htm|title=THE WORLD PINEAPPLE MARKET: THE IMPORTANCE OF EUROPE|last=Loeillet|first=D.|work=International Society for Horticultural Science |accessdate=2008-08-07] On the world scale, Côte d'Ivoire is second only to Costa Rica.cite web|url=ftp://ftp.fao.org/unfao/bodies/ccp/ba-tf/04/ad627e.pdf |title=THE WORLD PINEAPPLE MARKET: WHEN GROWTH GOESHAND IN HAND WITH DIVERSITY|date=2003-12-15|work=Committee on Commodity Problems|format=PDF|accessdate=2008-08-07] Combined, the two produce over 50% on the world's pineapples.

Products

Cristelor

The "Société fruitière du Bandama" company created the popular drink Cristelor in 1983.cite news|url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990DE3DC1039F93BA25750C0A962948260&sec=travel&spon=&pagewanted=3|title=Pineapple Bubbly |last=May|first=Clifford D.|date=1984-03-18|work=New York Times|accessdate=2008-08-05] Described as as a "delice d'ananas petillant," ("sparkling pineapple delight"), it is popularly called "pineapple champagne". The company's director, Jean Konan Banny, claimed the idea "came to [him when he thought] to make a wine from pineapples" and was named after his granddaughter, Cristel. He also proposed an alcoholic version of the drink.

Research

In 1987, scientists at the Institute of Research on Energy Renewal (IREN) studied how to create ethanol from pineapples in Côte d'Ivoire. [cite journal|last=Kouakou|first=Alain|coauthors=N'zi, Georges Agbo; Yeboa, Aka|date=1987-08-25|title=Ethanol Production from Pineapple Juice in Cote d'Ivoire with Preselected Yeast Strains|journal=Journal of fermentation technology|volume=65|issue=4|pages=475–481 |issn=03856380 |language=Japanese|url=http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110002673123/|accessdate=2008-08-07|doi=10.1016/0385-6380(87)90146-4]

References


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