- Gui Rochat
= Gui Rochat =
Gui Rochat (Guillaume Frédéric Rochat) is an international private art dealer and consultant, dealing primarily in seventeenth and eighteenth century French paintings and drawings, working from New York as ‘Gui Rochat Old Masters’. His long experience with four art auction houses, Sotheby’s, Phillips Son & Neale, Butterfields (now Bonhams) and DoyleNewYork has given him the background for rescuing a number of Old Master paintings from oblivion. He is included in scholarly publications and maintains a website: [http://www.frencholdmasters.org]
Early life and education.
Listed in the Who is Who in the East 1986/7 he was born in 1933 on Java, then the Dutch East Indies, grandson of Prof. Guillaume Frédéric Rochat (see Guillaume Frédéric Rochat 1876-1965) and son of Dr. Guillaume Frédéric Rochat and attorney-at-law Bertha Rochat. Gui Rochat was educated at the Latin and Greek Gymnasium school in Zwolle, The Netherlands from 1946 to 1953, after which he entered the Dutch navy in the training program for reserve lieutenant. Following a short unsuccessful spell of being a cadet in the Dutch Naval Academy he entered Groningen University in the Netherlands 1956 as a student in Medicine. This not being a career he desired, his parents who were living then in Iran, sent him to the American University of Beirut, Lebanon where he graduated in 1960 with a major in Experimental Psychology. This enabled him to continue his graduate studies at Indiana University where he met (now divorced) wife Katherine McCollum. They have one child Alexandra Eddings.
Professional career in the Fine Arts
After completing a training program at Sotheby’s New York, he was sent as the director for the South-East to Houston, Texas in 1970/71, where he ran it’s gallery in the Galleria Post Oak. He was instrumental in selling several Post-Impressionist paintings which now form part of the Beck and Law Collections in the Houston Museum. Thereafter he was trained in the Old Master and 19th Century painting departments at Sotheby’s, London after which he entered their Old Master painting department in New York till 1974. He joined Philips, Son & Neale in 1979 as the Fine Art consultant and became president in 1981 at their New York location, the Rhinelander mansion on Madison Avenue, during which he catalogued the fine art from the estate of Elizabeth Fuller Chapman. He was given a one-man exhibition of his private collection of European art glass in the New Orleans Museum of Art in 1986 and was invited to write an article on a recently acquired large portrait of Louis XVI. In 1989 he was appointed director of Fine Arts at Butterfield & Butterfield in San Francisco and became a vice-president in 1990. There he considerably increased the volume of sales and appraised the very important fine art in the Elise S. Haas estate, now in the Museum of Modern Art in San Francisco, which included the famous portrait of his wife in a blue hat by Matisse from 1905, Matisse’s portraits of Leo and Sarah Stein and the sculpture La Négresse Blanche by Brancusi. And he also catalogued the fine art in the estate of composer Edgard and Louise Varèse. He discovered works by such artists as de Chirico, Tanguy, Soulages and Modigliani, hidden theretofore in Western collections. In 2005/6 he became Fine Arts consultant at DoyleNewYork, where again he made discoveries such as a rare drawing by Egon Schiele, now in the Neue Galerie museum in New York and an important small panel by Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida circa 1900 of the beach at San Sébastian with the image of his wife in the foreground.
Private career in the Fine Arts
Gui Rochat has made some remarkable discoveries of disappeared and unrecognized Old Master paintings and drawings, i.e. European paintings created before circa 1800 during his activities as a private Old Master painting and drawing dealer. Examples of these are two canvases by the French/Italian master Michele DeSubleay or his Italian name Michele Desubleo, both now illustrated in color in the catalogue raisonné of his work, one of which was already recorded as lost, mentioned in his testament (cf Thieme Becker and Milantoni). And an important large oil on paper study for an unknown altar painting of the Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew by Antoine Rivalz, acquired by the Musée des Augustins in Toulouse, France, also fully illustrated and described in the catalogue raisonné on the artist. He found a superb pair of red chalk drawings by François Boucher after a painting by Francesco Solimena that formed part of the collection of Cardinal Fesch, the uncle of Napoleon, now housed in the cardinal’s museum palace in Ajaccio, Corsica. They proved a fact which was not known that Boucher on his voyage to Italy had stopped in Venice probably around 1730, where the Solimena work was then still hanging in the Baglioni collection. These drawings are now both in Ajaccio. The National Gallery of Scotland acquired a rediscovered strong oil sketch of a young woman in profile by the Flemish artist François-Joseph Navez, a pupil of Jacques-Louis David. The Montreal Museum bought in 2008 a significant small oil on copper of the Virgin and Christ by the forerunner of Canadian art, the French monk Frère Luc who entered a Quebec monastery in the late seventeenth century. A more recent discovery is that of a drawing preparatory for an engraving by Claudine Bouzonnet Stella, the niece of the more famous French artist Jacques Stella, who was a close friend of Nicolas Poussin when both worked in Italy. Stella had bought a beautiful painting by Poussin of Venus giving arms to Aeneas which is now in the museum in Rouen and on his death it was inherited by Bouzonnet Stella, who was an excellent engraver. This drawing was done by her from the painting and squared for transfer, i.e. for being engraved. Aside from his interest in French Old Masters, Gui Rochat discovered in New York for a collector a very large and important work by the Dutch master Abraham Bloemaert fully signed and dated 1624, which was offered by Sotheby’s New York in a very dirty condition as attributed to Bloemaert’s son, a much lesser painter. The signature and date appeared after the cleaning. In the Braith-Mali museum at Biberach in Germany is now a rediscovered small copper by the German master Johann Heinrich Schönfeld of Alexander offering Campaspe to Apelles. And the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam acquired a very charming drawing in red chalk of a young woman looking at an engraving, recognized as by the eighteenth century Dutch artist Gijsbertus van der Berg. Gui Rochat is mentioned in the literature and on the internet (see references and notes).
Associations and references in literature
Gui Rochat is a member of the Société de l’Histoire de l’Art français since 1997
Alliance française, The Netherlands, First price 1951 article on France.
Philips, New York, ‘The Collection of the late Elizabeth Fuller Chapman’,March 3, 1981
Times Picayune, New Orleans, Louisiana, Fine Arts editor ‘A small and significant exhibition of a private collection of European Art Glass’ at the Delgado Museum, May 17, 1986.
Gui Rochat, ‘Antoine-François Callet, Portrait of Louis XVI’, article in the Arts Quarterly bulletin of the New Orleans Museum of Art for the 3rd quarter1987.
Felicity Mason/Anne Cumming, ‘The Love Quest’, publ. Peter Owen, London 1991
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands bulletin, summer 1997, number 3, p. 239
La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France, December 1999, p. 77, number 12
La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France, December 2000, p. 82, numbers 18 and 19.
La Tribune de l’Art, internet publication, France, several times from 2004 - present
Alberto Cottino, ‘Michele Desubleo, a catalogue raisonné’, Turin 2001, color illus. XXXI, p. 123, number 57 and p. 85, color illus. XXXIV, p. 128, number 64
Beverley Schreiber Jacoby, ‘Early drawings by François Boucher, PhD thesis, p. 247, numbers II B 3 and II B 4
Beverley Schreiber Jacoby,’François Boucher’, Master Drawings, 2001, vol. 39, number 3
Edgard Munhall. ‘Greuze the draftsman’, publ. Frick Collection 2002, p.8
Denis Coekelberghs,‘Schnetz, Géricault ?, Navez tout simplement’, Gazette des beaux-arts, Feb. 2002, p 282
Alastair Laing, ‘The Drawings of François Boucher’, publ. Frick Collection, 2003, p. 9
Françoise Jolie & Jean-François Méjanes,’François Boucher, hier et aujourd’hui’, publ. Louvre, 2003/4, pp.46-48, entries 14 and 15, illus. in color
Jean Pénent, ‘Antoine Rivalz, le Romain de Toulouse’, Toulouse 2004, p. 43 illus. in color, p. 47, pp. 144-145, number 43, illus. in color
Denis Coekelberghs, ‘Les peintres Belges à Rome aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles’ note 100, p. 283
Denis Coekelberghs, ‘Lettres d’Alexandre Bénard à François-Joseph Navez’, publ. Les Cahiers d’Histoire de l’Art, 2006, illus. in color p. 94, fig. 6, note 70, p. 117
La Tribune de l’Art, 25/6/04 Didier Rykner: Nouvelles Brèves – Acquisitions – Edimbourg, National Gallery of Scotland
La Tribune de l’Art, 12/11/04 Sylvain Kerspern, Retour sur l’exposition Bossuet, suite: du nouveau pour Prévost et Licherie
La Tribune de l’Art, 18/9/06 Didier Rykner, Un important Vouet italien inédit refait surface dans une vente aux enchères américaine
La Tribune de l’Art, 14/11/07 Didier Rykner, Réapparition du morceasu d’agrément d’Antoine Callet
La Tribune de l’Art, 29/2/08 Denis Coekelberghs, François-Joseph Navez. Quelques nouveaux tableaux, dessins et autres documents
La Tribune de l’Art, 17/4/08 Didier Rykner, Tableaux récemment acquis par le Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal
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