- Huntsmen (military)
Huntsmen are soldiers belonging to units which were traditionally raised from
huntsmenand could therefore use their hunting skills as part of their military activity. They were normally light infantry, although some light cavalry units existed, notably the French Army's Huntsmen of Africa.
Units called "Mountain Huntsmen" are used by both
Germany, Argentina, Romaniaand Spain, and the similar title "Alpine Huntsmen" is used by the French Army.
Field Huntsmen" are the German military police.
Huntsmen are called chasseurs in French, cazadores in Spanish, and jäger in German.
*Mountain Huntsmen, in Spanish: "Cazadores de Montaña"
Jungle Huntsmen, in Spanish: "Cazadores del Monte"
Regiment Ardense Jagers, armoured infantry battalion
1st Regiment Jagers te Paard, mechanized reconnaissance battalion
2nd/4th Regiment Jagers te Paard, mechanized reconnaissance battalion with electronic warfare unit
Jægerkorpset, a special forces unit of the Royal Danish Army
Finnish Jäger troops, volunteers from Finland in Germany trained as Jägers
Huntsmens' Guard Regiment, a Finnish Army unit
Jaeger Brigade, a unit of the Finnish Army
Para Jägers, Special Operations Airborne Infantry in the Finnish army
Utti Jaeger Regiment, the Finnish Army training and development centre for special forces and helicopter operations
A "Chasseur" designation was given to certain regiments of French light
infantry("Chasseurs à pied") or light cavalry("Chasseurs à cheval").
Chasseurs à pied - Foot Huntsmen
The name "Chasseurs à pied" (light infantry) was originally used for infantry units in the French Army recruited from hunters or
woodsmen. Recognized for their marksmanship and skirmishing skills, the chasseurs were comparable to the German "Jäger" or the British light infantry. The "Chasseurs à Pied", as the marksmenof the French army, were regarded as elite light companies and regiments. [citebook|title=From Flintlock to Rifle: Infantry Tactics, 1740-1866|author= Steven T. Ross|year=1996|publisher=Taylor & Francis|id=ISBN 0714641936]
=Chasseur alpins - Alpine Huntsmen=
The elite mountain infantry of the French Army. Trained to operate in mountainous terrain and in urban warfare.
Chasseurs à cheval - Horse Huntsmen
The "Chasseurs à Cheval", (light cavalry) were generally not held in as high esteem as their infantry counterparts, or the identically armed light cavalry units of
hussars. During the French occupation of Algeria regiments of " Chasseurs d'Afrique" were raised. These were light cavalry recruited originally from French volunteers and subsequently from the French settlers in North Africa doing their military service. As such they were the mounted equivalent of the Zouaves.
Modern French Army Huntsmen
The modern French Army comprises bataillons of "Chasseurs à pied" (mechanized infantry : 16e BC),"Chasseurs-Alpins" (mountain troops : 7e, 13e, 27e BCA) and regiments of "Chasseurs à cheval" (1er-2e RCh and 4e RCh : light armored regiments). In addition one regiment of "Chasseurs d'Afrique" (training unit : 1er RCA) has been re-raised to commemorate this branch of the French cavalry. Since May 1943 there has been a "Régiment de Chasseurs Parachutistes" (1er RCP).
All of these units have different traditions :
*"Bataillons de chasseurs" are light infantry units created after
1838. Some of these battalions were converted to specialized mountain units as "Bataillons de Chasseurs Alpins" in 1888, as an answer to the Italian Alpine (" Alpini") regiments stationed along the Alpine frontier.
*"Régiments de chasseurs" are units of the "Arme Blindée Cavalerie" : armoured units. The basic organic unit is called regiment and not bataillon to avoid confusing cavalry and infantry chasseurs.
*The airborne infantry units called "Régiments de chasseurs parachutistes" were created in 1943 with airborne troops from the French Airforce (GIA or "
Groupe d'Infanterie de l'Air"), who were transferred into the Army.
Although the traditions of these different branches of the French Army are very different, there is still a tendency to confuse one with the other. For example when World War I veteran
Léon Weildied, the AFP press agency stated that he was a member of the 5th "Regiment de Chasseurs Alpins". It was in fact the 5th Bataillon.
Fallschirmjäger, German paratroopers
Feldjäger, the military police of the German Bundeswehr
Feldjägerkorps, one of several military police organizations in the German Wehrmacht
Gebirgsjäger, mountain infantry
Karstjäger, Waffen SSmountain troops from the Austrian Karst
German 28th Jäger Division, a military division during World War II
Panzerjäger(Jagdpanzer), tank hunter or tank destroyer
Garderegiment Grenadiers en Jagers, guards regiment, an amalgamation of the Garderegiment Grenadiers and the Garderegiment Jagers. Consists of one air mobile infantry battalion
Regiment Limburgse Jagers, line infantry (former 2nd Infantry Regiment). Consists of one armoured infantry battalion
Hærens Jegerkommando, the armed forces competence center for ranger, airborne and counter terrorist duty in the Norwegian Army
Jegerkompaniet, the Norwegian Army's northern-most unit
Marinejegerkommandoen, a maritime special forces unit
Kystjegerkommandoen, coastal units
Grensejeger, border rangers at the border between Russia and Norway
Portuguese "Huntsmens' Battalions" ("Batalhões de Caçadores") were the elite light soldiers of the
Portuguese Armyduring the Peninsular War. They wore distinctive brown uniforms for camouflage. After the war they were replaced by the "Companies of Sharpshooters" ("Companhias de Atiradores").
At the beginning of the 1960s several
special forcescompanies of the Portuguese Armywere named Special Huntsmen ("Caçadores Especiais"). These units were later renamed Commandos.
Vânători de Munte, or Mountain Huntsmen, one of the most active of the Romanian military elite forces
Brigada de Cazadores de Montaña "Aragón I"(Mountain Huntsmen Brigade "Aragón I")
*Jägare, elite units in the
Swedish Armed Forces
Fallskärmsjägarna, the Parachute Huntsmens' Corps
Fallskärmsjägarskolan, the Swedish Army's Parachute Huntsmens' School
24th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regimentwas also known as the "Hecker Jaeger Regiment” after Friedrich Hecker, its original commander.
* [http://www.nevasport.com/nevablogs/d/chasseurs-alpins/997 Chasseurs alpins]
* [http://www.mablehome.com/chasseurs/2egc.htm Chasseur from the french forces in Germany]
* [http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/French_infantry.html French Grenadiers, Chasseurs and Fusiliers of the Napoleonic Wars]
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