- Short stature
Name = PAGENAME
DiseasesDB = 18756
ICD10 = ICD10|E|34|3|e|20
ICD9 = ICD9|783.43
MedlinePlus = 003271
eMedicineSubj = ped
eMedicineTopic = 2087
Short stature refers to a height of a human being which is below expected. Shortness is a vague term without a precise definition and with significant relativity to context. Because of the lack of preciseness, there is often disagreement about the degree of shortness that should be called "short".
The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists defines "short stature" as the shortest 2.3%.cite web |url=http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/answers/2003/ans01242.html |title=FDA Approves Humatrope for Short Stature |format= |work= |accessdate=]
Shortness in children and young adults nearly always results from below-average
growthin childhood, while shortness in older adults usually results from loss of height due to kyphosisof the spine or collapsed vertebrae from osteoporosis.
From a medical perspective, severe shortness can be a variation of normal, resulting from the interplay of multiple familial genes. It can also be due to one or more of many abnormal conditions, such as chronic (prolonged)
hormonedeficiency, malnutrition, disease of a major organ system, mistreatment, treatment with certain drugs, chromosomal deletions, inherited diseases, birth defect syndromes, bone structures fusing earlier than intended or many other causes.
Increasing final height in children with short stature may be beneficial and could enhance HRQoL outcomes barring troublesome side effects and excessive cost of treatments.cite web |url=http://gghjournal.com/volume24/1/ab09.cfm |title=Height and Health-related Quality of Life |format= |work= |accessdate=]
From a social perspective shortness can be a problem independently of the cause. In many societies there are advantages associated with taller stature and disadvantages associated with shorter stature, and vice versa. See
List of shortest people
National Organization of Short Statured Adults
Idiopathic short stature
* [http://www.height-increasing.com/causes-for-short-stature/ Causes for short stature]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.