List of Egypt castles, forts, fortifications and city walls

List of Egypt castles, forts, fortifications and city walls

Many buildings in Egypt can be put under the classification of Castles, Citadels, Forts, Fortifications.

List by age

Pharonic

* The ancient castle at Buhen [http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/fortresses.htm Ancient Egypt military architecture] ] [ [http://www.geocities.com/thetropics/shores/7037/nubia/nubian.htm Buhen castle] ] [ [http://www.archaeology.org/online/reviews/engineering/index.html Ancient Egpyt architecture] ]
* Kom el-Ahmar (Heirakonpolis) Fortifications .
* Elkab Fortifications
* Fortress of Abydos
* Fortification of Memphis
* Fort of Kubban, Nubia
* Fort of Walls of the Prince (inebw heka), Eastern Delta.
* Fortress of Wadi Natrun, western Delta.
* The Way of Horus coastal forts, Sinai.
* Semna fortification. [http://www.yare.org/essays/fortresses.htm Egyptian Fortresses in Nubia] ]
* Senusret I-III seventeen south fortresses.
* Kumma fort.
* Aniba Fort.
* Uronarti fort.
* Mirgissa fort.
* Shalfak fort.
* Askut fort.
* Dabenarti fort.
* Faras Fort.
* Serra Fort.
* Medinet Habu New Kingdom fortification.
* Tharu castle, Sinai.
* Rhakotis fort, Alexandria. [ [http://www.arabworldbooks.com/new/alexander.html Alexander the Great] ]
* Qantara East fort, Sinai. [http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2007/839/eg5.htm Qantara East history] ]
* Kolsum castle, Suez. [http://www.dinsdoc.com/niebuhr-1-6.htm Niebuhr travels] ]
* Boto Fort of Seti I, (Qatia area), Sinai Said Aly "Sinai, the Meaning and Importance" ar icon ISBN 977-437-760-5] .
* Siwa Oasis fortification, Western desert of Egypt [ [http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/198805/siwa-oasis.extraordinary.htm Siwa Oasis] ] .
* Thebes fortifications [http://www.varchive.org/tac/saktheb.htm Tandamane works] ] .
* Heliopolis Fortifications .
* Tharu city fortifications. [ [http://www.livescience.com/history/080528-ap-ancient-egyptian-city.html Tharu fortifications] ]
* Tell-Huba Fortress, Sinai [ [http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/07/070727-egypt-fort.html Large old Sinai fortress] ]
* Pelusium Fort, [ [http://www.bibleexplained.com/moses/Exod/Exo.htm Ramsis II Pelusium Fort] ]

Greco-Roman

* Fort Babylon, Cairo. [ [http://touregypt.net/featurestories/babylon.htm Fort Babylon] ] [ [http://www.ownheliopolis.com/own/history3.html Babylon fort history & photos] ]
* Ain Umm Dabadib fort, Kharga Oasis. [http://ww3.telerama.com/~cass/RomanForts.html Roman forts in Kharga Oasis] ] [http://www.egyptvoyager.com/oases_kharga.htm Kharga Oasis] ]
* El Deir fort, Kharga Oasis.

* Qasr el Labeka fort, Kharga Oasis.

* Qasr Sumaria fort, Kharga Oasis.

* Qasr el Geb fort, Kharga Oasis.

* Al-Haiz fort, Bahariya Oasis. [ [http://touregypt.net/featurestories/haiz.htm Bahariya Oasis Roman fort] ]
* Nadura fort, Kharga Oasis
* Qasr el-Ghueita fort, Kharga Oasis
* Qasr el-Zayyan fort, Kharga Oasis
* Castellum of Badia, Gebel Abu Dukhan, Safaga, Red Sea [http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199806/via.porphyrites.htm Porphyrite] ] [ [http://www.euratlas.com/mons_porphyrites/fg_base_camp.html Castellum of Badia] ] [ [http://www.touregypt.net/Mons_Porphyrites.htm Red Sea Roman fort] ] [ [http://www.euratlas.com/mons_porphyrites/i_badia_walls.html Red Sea Roman fort wall] ]
* Temple of Stones fort, Fayoum. [ [http://interoz.com/egypt/dionysia.htm Fayoum Roman fort] ]
* Abu Sha'ar Fort, Red Sea.
* Al-Heita fort, Eastern desert, Quena.
* Saint Catherine's Monastery fortification, St. Catherine mountain, Sinai ( by Justinian I 548–565) [ [http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/06/nfe/ht06nfe.htm Egypt history] ]
* Alexandria fortifications [ [http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1822/ Alexandria histories] ]
* Tapsiris Magna Fortress, Alexandria [ [http://www.shop.com/+-a-egypt+fortress-p116795577-g1-k36-st.shtml Taposiris Magna temple & fortress] ]

Arabic

* Cairo Citadel
* Ayyubid Cairo City Fortification [ [http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/ayyubidfortress.htm Ayyubid Cairo City Fortification] ]
* Al Fustat city walls [ [http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.jsp?site_id=8024 Al Fustat city walls] ]
* Citadel of Qaitbay
* Quseir Castle [ [http://www.deepdiscount.com/viewproduct.htm?productId=7775762&extid=df_shop&srccode=cii_28503622&cpncode=17-14094503-2 Quseir Fort] ]
* Salah El-Din castle, Pharaoh's Island, Sinai [http://www.sis.gov.eg/VR/sinia/html/sinai05.htm Sinai castles] ]
* Nweiba' Castle
* Siwa oasis fort [ [http://www.allposters.com/gallery.asp?aid=86913403&apnum=1490795&DestType=7&Referrer%20=http://search.yahoo.com/search;_ylt=A0geu7pMWnhI11EAjD1XNyoA?p=Egypt%2BFort&fr=yfp-t-501&ei=UTF-8&GCID=C15100x011&KEYWORD=1490795&SEM=item%3D1490795%26AID%3D86913403%26GCID%3DC15100x011%26Keyword%3D1490795 Siwa fot photo] ] [ [http://www.siwaoasis.co.uk/ Siwa Villa & Fort photo] ] [ [http://www.climates.com/AFRICA/PDF/SIWA_M.pdf Rain damage of Siwa fort] ] [ [http://www.travel-images.com/view.shtml?egypt66.jpgSiwa fort view] ] [ [http://mcwarr.orconhosting.net.nz/genealogy/leslie/siwa.html Siwa old photos] ]
* Qalaat Al-Gindi, Ras Sedr, Sinai [http://www.touregypt.net/qalaatgindi.htm Al-Gindi fort] ] [http://home.hetnet.nl/~lilian_jan_schreurs/news/Qalaat.htm Photo of Qalaat Al-Gindi] ] [http://home.hetnet.nl/~lilian_jan_schreurs/news/saladin.htm Photos] ]
* Al-Arish citadel [http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/Tourism/famouscities/Arish/060607000000000001.htm North Sinai forts] ]
* Nakhl citadel [http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1829/ Description of Nakhl Fortress] ]
* Farma citadel
* El Tina castle, North Sinai [http://nuweiba.wordpress.com/2008/04/21/mamluk-castle-discovered-in-northern-sinai/ El Tina castle] ]
* Shali fortified village, Siwa Oasis [ [http://home.hetnet.nl/~lilian_jan_schreurs/news/Siwa1.htm Siwa Oasis] ] .
* Fortification of Bab Rosetta, Alexandria [ [http://www.2travel2egypt.com/Destinations/2004-8/touristinfoalex.asp Alexandria history] ]

Modern Egypt

* Al-Arish castle
* Rosetta Fort.
* Adgerud castle, Suez.
* Kolsum castle, Suez.
* Castle Zaman, Sinai [http://www.castlezaman.com/articles.htm Castle Zaman] ]
* Mersa Matruh Fortifications (1941 AD) [ [http://www.awm.gov.au/units/place_1349.asp Marsa Matrouh] ] [ [http://www.ourstory.info/4/d/4d3index.html Matruh Fortified position] ]
* Sidi Barrani Fortifications (1941 AD) [Italian invasion of Egypt] [ [http://www.third-reich-books.com/afrikakorps.htm Africa Korps] ] [ [http://www.avalanchepress.com/2ndNewZealand2.php Sidi Barani fortified camps] ] [ [http://www.1jma.dk/articles/1jmaarticlesww2compass.htm 1.JmA - Compass ] ]
* Alam el Halfa Fortifications (1941 AD) [ [http://www.military.com/Content/MoreContent?file=PRnafrica2 North Africa battle] ] [ [http://www.comw.org/pda/webbtl.htm Fortified Alam el Halfa] ] [ [http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-battles/ww2/el_alamein.htm Fortified Alam el Halfa ] ]
* Sollum fortified base camp (1941 AD) [ [http://www.ghqmodels.com/newsletters/novdec2003.pdf Sollum Fortified camp] ]
* Halfaya Pass Fortification (1941 AD) [Operation Crusader] [ [http://www.lonesentry.com/battleoftheomars/section1.html Battle of the Omars] ] [ [http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-north-africa-campaign.htm/3 North Africa campagain] ]
* Bir-Hakeim Fortification (1942 AD) [ [http://www.birhakeim-association.org/Textes/Rommel.htm le général Rommel] ]
* Sharm El-Sheikh fortification by Egypt (1954 AD) [ [http://www.answers.com/topic/sharm-al-shaykh sharm-al-shaykh] ] [Fry, Michael, and Hochstein, Miles. "The Forgotten Middle East Crisis of 1957: Gaza and Sharm el Sheikh." "International History Review" 15 (1993): 46 - 83 "The Forgotten Middle East Crisis of 1957: Gaza and Sharm el Sheikh."]
* Green Island (Egypt) Fortification, Red Sea (1969 AD)
* Shadwan island fortifications, Red Sea (1960s AD
* Agami Fort, Alexandria (by French occupation) [ [http://www.southtravels.com/africa/egypt/alexandriatravel.html Alex history] ]
* Abu Qir Castle (was used by Mohammed Ali as a prison)

List by areas & time

Alexandria

* Qaitbey Castle.

Damietta

* Ezzbet El-Borg Defensive tower.
* Urabi Fort.
* Old Damietta city wall & Fortifications.

Sinai Castles, Forts, Fortifications and citadels

* 1200s BC The Way of Horus coastel & Sinai forts.
* 1200s BC Tharu castle.
* 1200s BC Boto Fort (by Seti I), (Qatia area), Sinai .
* 1200s BC Tel Habwa Fort (by Seti I), (Qantara area), Sinai
* 1200s BC Tel Kadwa Fort, Sinai http://www.elaph.com/ElaphWeb/Entertainment/2008/6/337325.htm]
* 1200s BC Tel Al Hebr Fort, Sinai
* 1200s BC Kharouba Fort, Sinai
* 1200s BC Baer Al-Abd Fort, Sinai
* Unknown time Pharonic El Tina castle, Beer Al Abd, North Sinai
* Circa 100 BC Ptolemaic Fort of Tal Abou Sayfi, South of Qantara Sharq city..
* 200 AD Roman Fort of Tal Abou Sayfi, South of Qantara Sharq city (by Emperor Maximinus Thrax)..
* Unknown time Roman Lahfen castle near Al-Arish..
* St Catherine's Monastery fortification, St. Catherine mountain, Sinai.
* 640 AD Farma (Pelusium) citadel .
* 600s AD Justinian's Strasini Fort, Tel Felosiyia, near Pelusium.
* 600s AD Garha Roman fort, on Bardawil lake, North Sinai.
* Unknown time Byzantine fort, qaseema, Hosna, Middle Sinai.
* Unknown time Al-Mohammadyia Arabic Fort, Beer Al Abd, North Sinai.
* 1115 AD Al-Soubak Fort (by Baldwin), Wadi Araba..
* 1116 Ad Aiyla fort (by Baldwin), Aiyla city, Aqaba bay..
* 1116 AD Pharaoh Island Fort (by Baldwin), Aqaba bay..
* 1117 AD Wadi Musa fort (by Baldwin)..
* 1181 AD Aiyla Island Castle (by Ayyobids). .
* 1182 AD Salah El-Din Castle Sedr, Sinai.
* 1184 AD Qalaat Al-Gindi (by Saladin), Ras Sedr, Sinai .
* 1184 AD Salah El-Din castle, Taba (Pharaoh Island), Sinai .
* 1516 AD Al-Arish citadel (by Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri) .
* 1516 AD Al-Baghla fort (by Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri). .
* 1516 AD Naqab Al-Aqaba Fort(by Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri). .
* 1516 AD Nekhal citadel (by Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri).
* 1799 AD Qatiyah Fort, West of sinai (by General Lograng of Napoleon Army). .

* 1893 Nweiba' Castle .
* 1910s Turkish Fortifications at Hosna, middle Sinai.
* 1910s Turkish Fortifications at Al-Arish Castle, North Sinai.
* 1910s Turkish Fortifications at Nekhel, Sinai.
* 1910s Turkish Fortifications at Salah El Din Castle, South Sinai.
* 1960s Bar Lev Line of fortifications on Eastern side of Suez Canal (by Israel occupation forces).
* 1990s Tourestic Castle Zaman, Sinai
* Unknown time Ain al Qudairat Fort, Hosna, North Sinai.

References

ee also

* List of buildings
* List of fortifications
* List of castles
* List of forts
* List of walls
* List of cities with defensive walls
* List of established military terms (Engineering)

External links

* [http://www.deltasinai.com/uwsegyptfort/speakers.htm Fortifications, Police Beats, and Military Checkpoints in Ancient Egypt]
* [http://touregypt.net/featurestories/fortresses.htm Military Architecture of Ancient Egypt]


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