Punjab Regiment (India)

Punjab Regiment (India)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=The Punjab Regiment

caption=Regimental Insignia of the Punjab Regiment
dates= 1761 - Present
country= India
branch= Army
type= Line Infantry
size=19 Battalions
garrison=Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand
garrison_label=Regimental Centre
motto="Sthal Wa Jal (By Land and Sea)"
colors="Bole So Nihal, Sat Sri Akal (He who cries God is Truth, is Ever Happy)""Bol Jawala Ma Ki Jai (Victory to Goddess Jawala)"
colors_label= War Cry
decorations=2 Padma Bhushan, 1 Padma Shri, 4 Param Vishisht Seva Medals, 18 Maha Vir Chakras, 9 Kirti Chakras, 1 Uttam Yudh Seva Medal, 6 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals, 56 Vir Chakras, 29 Shaurya Chakras, 1 Yudh Seva Medal, 121 Sena Medals, 19 Vishisht Seva Medals and 117 Mention-in-Despatches.
battle_honours=Post Independence Zojila, Icchogil, Dograi, Burki, Kalidhar, Bedori, Nangi Tekri, Brachil Pass, Longewala and Garibpur
identification_symbol=A Galley with a bank of oars and sail |identification_symbol_label=Regimental Insignia

The Punjab Regiment of India was formed from the 2nd Punjab Regiment of the
British Indian Army in 1947

Prior to independence and partition there were a number of "Punjab regiments" in its fold these were amalgamated to form two regiments: the 1st Punjab Regiment, and the 2nd. At the onset of independence in 1947, the 1st Punjab Regiment being predominantly a Muslim regiment went over to the newly-raised Pakistan army, while the 2nd Punjab Regiment was retained in the Indian Army. There were transfers of troops between the regiments and other regiments to


The Punjab Regiment is one of the oldest in the Indian Army. It traces its origins to 1761 when the first battalion was raised at Trichinopoly. The first four battalions of what later became the 2nd Punjab Regiment and finally the Punjab Regiment, were raised during the hostilities in the Carnatic in south India between 1761 and 1776. The numbers and titles of the battalions changed during the successive reorganisations of the Madras Presidency Army and later of the Indian Army during the 18th, 19th and 20th Centuries. The names changed from Coast Sepoys to Carnatic Battalions to Madras Native Infantry to The Punjab Regiment.

In 1951, four battle experienced battalions of the former princely states of Punjab, joined the Regiment. These were a battalion each from the Jind and Nabha State Forces and the First and Second Battalions of Patiala Infantry. They are now designated as the 13, 14, 15 and 16 Punjab. Additional battalions were raised since 1963. In recent years, the Punjab Regiment has contributed towards UN Peacekeeping Operations by sending two of its battalion overseas i.e. in Gaza and Angola (3 and 14 Punjab respectively). The Regimental Centre was first raised at Loralai and was shifted to Multan in 1922, Meerut in 1929 and its present location in Ramgharh, Bihar in 1976.

Battle of Longewala

"Main article: Battle of Longewala"

During the Battle of Longewala, 'A' company (reinforced), 23rd Battalion, with about 120 soldiers, survived an assault by a Brigade of the Pakistani Army. The battle was fought at the desert border post of Longewala. The unit fought during the last three hours of the night of December 5th, 1971 unsupported as the Indian Air Force aircraft did not have night attack capabilities. The company commander, Major (later Brigadier) Kuldip Singh Chandpuri, was decorated with the Maha Vir Chakra, the second highest gallantry award in India.

Regimental Insignia

The regiment is perhaps the only infantry insignia of a naval vessel, a Galley, anywhere. It was awarded to 69th Punjabis (later 2 Punjab) in recognition of the readiness to serve overseas, after the battalion had fought in eight overseas campaigns by 1824.

In Fiction

* "Border", a 1997 Bollywood film directed by J.P.Dutta, depicts the Battle of Longewala.
* "Lakshya", a Bollywood film depicting the Kargil War, places the protagonist as a Captain in the Punjab Regt.


* [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/Army/Regiments/Punjab.html Punjab Regiment on Bharat-Rakshak.com]
* [http://regiments.org/regiments/southasia/inf-pak/punjab.htm regiments.org]
* [http://www.pakdef.info/pakmilitary/army/regiments/1punjabreg.html Pakdef.info]

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