Surgut ( _ru. Сургу́т) is a city in
Russia, the largest in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrugand second largest in Tyumen Oblast. Its population according to the 2002 Census was 285,027 (291.800 in 2005).
Surgut is one of the oldest
Siberian cities. It was founded in 1594 by order of TsarFeodor I.
The name of the city, according to one tradition, originates from the Khanty words "sur" (fish) and "gut" (hole, pit).
The urbanization of Surgut took place in the 1960s, when it became a center of oil and gas production. On
June 25, 1965the working settlement of Surgut was reorganized into a city. The city's birthday is celebrated yearly on June 12.
The current mayor of Surgut is Alexander Leonidovich Sidorov (since 1996). He oversaw the construction of the
Surgut Bridge, the longest one-tower cable-stayed bridgein the world.
Also Surgut well known as Oil Capital of Russia
Surgut's economy is tied to oil production and the processing of
natural gas. The most important enterprises are the oil firm " Surgutneftegaz" (often known as Surgut) and "Surgutgazprom" (a unit of Gazprom). Surgut electric plants GRES-1 and GRES-2 produce over 7200 megawatts and supply most of the region with relatively cheap electricity.
*Universitet Surgut - basketball team in the
Russian Basketball Super League
The city is served by
Surgut Airport, which offers flights to Moscow, Dubai, Saint Petersburg, Irkutsk, and a number of other cities.
The city is also a stop on the
Tyumen– Novy Urengoyrailway line. Going towards Tyumen, the next station is Salym, where Royal Dutch Shellhas a substantial development. This section of the route takes about six hours. Also city located on Russian Route 404.
*flagicon|United States Sioux Falls,
South Dakota, United States
* [http://www.surgut.wsnet.ru Surgut Information Portal] ru icon
* [http://www.hmao.wsnet.ru/english/powerE/common/csurgut/ City info on KhMAO web-site]
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