Beretta Model 38

Beretta Model 38

Infobox Weapon|is_ranged=yes

name=Beretta 38/42
type=Submachine Gun
origin=flagicon|Italy|1861 Kingdom of Italy
era=WW II
prod_design_date=1938 to 1975
serv_design_date=1938 to 1975
used_by=Italy, Germany, Romania, Argentina
part_length=315 mm
cartridge=9x19mm Parabellum
feed=10, 20, 30 or 40 round
rate=600 round/min
velocity=429 m/s (1,407.12 ft/s)
weight=3.3 kg
length=800 mm
variants=1938/42, 1938/44, 1938/49 (MP1)

The MAB 38 and its variants were the official submachine guns of the Italian Army during World War II. The MAB ("Moschetto Automatico Beretta") 1938A was introduced in 1938. The Beretta was also used by the German, Romanian, and Argentine armies.

Originally designed by Tullio Marengoni in 1935, the Model 38 was developed from the Beretta Model 18, itself derived from the Villar Perosa light-machine gun of World War I fame.

The 1938 series was extremely robust and were very popular weapons. They used an italian powerful version of the widely distributed 9x19mm Parabellum cartridge, the cartridge Modelo 38. Fully-automatic or single-shot fire was selectable by the use of two triggers. The weapons had a wooden stock, were about 800 millimeters in length, and weighed about 3.3 kilograms when loaded. They had a range of about 200 meters.

The Model 1938A can be recognized by the perforated cooling sleeve over the barrel. It was produced from 1938 to 1950. It had 10, 20, 30 or 40-round magazines and fired at a rate of 600 rounds per minute.

The cooling sleeve was eliminated for the 38/42 model, which was produced from late 1942 to 1975. It fired at a rate of 550 rounds per minute. The MAB 38/42 was adopted by the German army as the MP.738.

The 38/44 Model, which was produced from 1944 to 1955, was a drastically simplified model for production during the limitations of the end of the war. The MAB 38/44 was adopted by the German army as the MP.739.

These simplifications were incorporated in the postwar redesign of the Beretta Model 3, which was the last model of the series prior to the introduction of the Beretta Model 12.

ee also

*List of Italian submachine guns

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