House of Commons of Southern Ireland

House of Commons of Southern Ireland

House of Commons of Southern Ireland was the lower house of the Irish parliament created by the Government of Ireland Act, passed in 1920, during the Irish War of Independence. The Act created two partitioned Irish states, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland, each with their own two chamber assemblies, a House of Commons and a Senate.

In 1921, elections were held for the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. In reality, no contests occurred. All 128 MPs were returned unopposed - Sinn Féin won all 124 seats for geographic constituencies, whilst Unionists won the four seats for graduates of Dublin University. The Irish Republic chose to regard that election as elections to the Second Dáil. The 124 Sinn Féin candidates elected, plus the Sinn Féin members elected to the House of Commons of Northern Ireland elected at the same time, assembed as the Second Dáil.

In June 1921, the House of Commons, together with the appointed Senate, formally assembled in the Royal College of Science, now Government Buildings, in Merrion St., for a state opening by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland Viscount Fitzalan of Derwent.

In reality only four unionist MPs attended. Having elected Gerald Fitzgibbon to be Speaker, the House adjourned "sine die".

In contrast the Senate assembled three times, though its chairman, the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, was too ill to attend. The House of Commons of Southern Ireland came back into being later, as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921. The Treaty was submitted to two bodies, the Second Dáil, whose approval gave it legitimacy in the eyes of nationalist Ireland, and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland, which had legitimacy according to British constitutional theory, it being a creation of the King-in-Parliament. Both parliaments then chose two governments which worked hand-in-hand, a Republican administration under the President of Dáil Éireann, Arthur Griffith and a Provisional Government under Michael Collins. The duality was represented by the meeting of Provisional Prime Minister Michael Collins and the Lord Lieutenant, Viscount Fitzalan of Derwent. From the republican viewpoint, Collins was accepting the surrender of Dublin Castle, where the meeting occurred. In contrast, in British political theory, Fitzalan met Collins to kiss hands, (i.e. to formally install him as a Minister of the Crown).

The House of Commons of Southern Ireland, having chosen Collins' government, was then dissolved and replaced by a new united parliament, called alternatively the Constituent Assembly (i.e. a parliament with the authority to create a constitution), the Third Dáil or the Provisional Parliament, depending on whose political theory one accepts. The unique status of this parliament was shown in the fact that it was presided over by the Ceann Comhairle (pronounced|kʲɑːn ˈkoːrʎə), the title given to the speaker in Dáil Éireann yet received messages from the Lord Lieutenant. Some anti-treaty deputies challenged the exact status of the assembly; whether it was a Dáil or a successor to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The deaths of Arthur Griffith and Michael Collins led to the merging of their offices under the united leadership of W. T. Cosgrave. With the coming into being of the Irish Free State and its constitution in December 1922, all previous administrations and parliaments, both nationalist and created by British law, ceased to exist.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • House of Commons of Northern Ireland — Northern Ireland 1921–72 This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Northern Ireland 1921–72 …   Wikipedia

  • Southern Ireland — Infobox Former Subdivision conventional long name = Southern Ireland common name = Ireland continent = Europe region = British Isles country = Ireland subdivision = Autonomous region nation = the UK year start = 1921 year end = 1922 date start =… …   Wikipedia

  • House of Commons — The House of Commons is the name of the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada. In the UK and Canada, the Commons holds much more legislative power than the upper house of parliament (the House of Lords… …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament of Southern Ireland — Parlamentsgebäude ehemals Royal College of Science Das Parliament of Southern Ireland (Parlament von Südirland) wurde durch den Government of Ireland Act im Jahr 1920 geschaffen und entstammt ursprünglich aus der Home Rule von 1914, die ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Provisional Government of Southern Ireland — The provisional Government of Southern Ireland [ [ irish/dfaexhib2.html Name of administration as per Treaty] ] was the provisional government for the administration of Southern Ireland between 16… …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament of Southern Ireland — The Parliament of Southern Ireland was set up during the Anglo Irish War under the Government of Ireland Act, 1920, evolving out of the Home Rule Act 1914, to legislate for Southern Ireland , a political entity envisaged by the British government …   Wikipedia

  • Senate of Southern Ireland — The Senate of Southern Ireland (1921–1922) was the upper house of the Parliament of Southern Ireland theoretically established by the 1920 Government of Ireland Act. The Senate convened in 1921 but was boycotted by Irish nationalists. Only… …   Wikipedia

  • Chairman of the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland — The Chairman of the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland was a transitional post established in January 1922, lasting until the creation of the Irish Free State in December 1922 in the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland. The Anglo… …   Wikipedia

  • National University of Ireland (constituency) — National University of Ireland (NUI) is a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, through which graduates of the National University of Ireland have elected members of various legislative bodies including currently Seanad Éireann. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Government of Ireland Act 1920 — An Act to Provide for the Better Government of Ireland, more usually the Government of Ireland Act, 1920, [This is its official short title; the formal citation is 10 11 Geo. 5 c. 67.] (and sometimes called the Fourth Home Rule Act ) was an Act… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”