alt moy=146 m
alt mini=83 m
alt maxi=157 m
Yvetot is a commune in the
Seine-Maritime"département" in the Haute-Normandieregion of France.
The name is of Scandinavian origin ("Ivetofta"). The town is most likely of Scandinavian origin too. Yvetot comes from the Frankish man’s name "Ivo", root of the modern French names Yves and Yvon, which are very common in Normandy, being adopted by the Scandinavian converts to Christianity, and "topt" (modern toft), 'farm' in Danish, found in many place-names throughout Normandy . This 'Ivo Veteris' (
fr: Yves Le-Vieux) may have received this territory as a jarlof Rolloor his successors. These lords were often given the title " king" and benefited from all of the privileges of sovereignty up until 1551. One of the most popular songs of the 19th century, 'Le Roi d'Yvetot', written by the famous Béranger, helped propagate the legend of an independent state within the Duchy of Normandy and the Kingdom of France. However, it is established that, with no other allegiances since 1203, Yvetot remained a principalityup until 1789, a time at which the title was held by the (now-extinct) d'Albon family.
The town’s prosperity was linked to strong commerce, developed as early as the 17th century, thanks to its fiscal statutes and to
cottonspinning, which saw massive expansion after 1794. In the 19th century, the town developed fabric production.Until 1926, Yvetot had been chef-lieuof the old arrondissementof Yvetot, and a sub_prefecture. During this period of reorganisation, it lost its status of sub-prefecture.In World War II, Yvetot was practically razed in 1940 by the Germans. Later, the 75th Division of the U.S. Army, 575th Signal Co., maintained its command post in the town from December 14–20, 1944, as it counterattacked against the German army.After the war, Yvetot was rebuilt in a classical style and regained its importance in the middle of the 20th century.
The Round Church and its stained-glass window
The stained-glass window, considered the largest in Europe with 1046 m²), was constructed in the 1950s by
Max Ingrandand is a jigsaw that explodes in crimson, gold and blue. Meticulous assembly of a thousand pieces of glass that portray saints, with a wide section consecrated to the Normansof the diocese of Rouen. Either side of Christare St. Peter (patron saint of Yvetot for a thousand years) and the apostles, including St. Valery (apostle of Calluses and Vimeux in the 7th century), St. Saëns (an Irish monk and founder of an abbey in the valley of the Varenne), St. Ouen (who introduced monasteries to Rouen) and St Wandrille. There are also bishops of Rouen. Among them: St. Roman (in the process of strangling the gargoyle that devastated Rouen), St Rémy and St Hugues. Others represented in the stained-glass include the Virgin Mary and Joan of Arcshining in her armour.
Yvetot’s entry in the
Dictionnaire des idées reçuesby Gustave Flaubert, reads: "YVETOT: Voir Yvetot et mourir ! (See Yvetot and die) (cf. Naplesand Seville)".It is in Yvetot that novelist Guy de Maupassantreceived his primary education; the town itself and its surrounding area, le Pays de Cauxfeature extensively in his oeuvre.
Kyjov, Czech Republic
(All French language)
* [http://www.mairie-yvetot.fr/ Yvetot website]
* [http://www.ign.fr/affiche_rubrique.asp?rbr_id=1087&CommuneId=71710 Yvetot on the website of l'Institut géographique national]
* [http://www.recensement.insee.fr/RP99/rp99/co_navigation.co_page?nivgeo=C&codgeo=76758&theme=ALL&typeprod=ALL&lang=FR&quelcas=LISTE Yvetot on the website of l'Insee]
* [http://www.quid.fr/communes.html?mode=detail&id=16937&req=Yvetot Yvetot on the website of Quid]
* [http://www.lion1906.com/Pages/ResultatLocalisation.php?InseeVille=760758 Position of Yvetot on a map of France]
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