- Herbert Fisher
Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher OM (
21 March 1865– 18 April 1940) was an English historian, educator, and Liberal politician.
Fisher was born in
London, the eldest son of Herbert William Fisher(1826-1903), author of "Considerations on the Origin of the American War" and his wife Mary Louisa Jackson (1841-1916). His sister Adeline Maria Fisher was the first wife of the composer Ralph Vaughan Williams, another sister Florence Henrietta Fishermarried both Frederic William Maitlandand Francis Darwin. Fisher was first cousin to Virginia Woolfand her sister Vanessa Bell. He was educated at Winchesterand New College, Oxford. He was appointed Vice-Chancellorof the University of Sheffieldin 1912.
In 1899 he married the economist and historian Lettice Ilbert (1875-1956). Their only child was the British academic,
In 1916 Fisher was elected as
Member of Parliamentfor Sheffield Hallam and joined the government of David Lloyd Georgeas President of the Board of Education. In this post he was instrumental in the formulation of the 1918 Education Act, which made school attendance compulsory for children up to the age of 14. In 1918 he became MP for the Combined English Universities.
Fisher took the Chiltern Hundreds on
15 February 1926, retiring from politics to take up the post of warden of New College, Oxford, which he held until his death. There he published a three volume "History of Europe" (ISBN 0-00-636506-X) in 1935. He received the Order of Meritin 1937 and was awarded the 1927 James Tait Black Memorial Prizefor his biography "James Bryce, Viscount Bryce of Dechmont, O.M.".
List of Privy Counsellors (1910–1936)
List of Stewards of the Chiltern Hundreds
List of Members of the Order of Merit
*" [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/EDfisher.htm Herbert Fisher.] " Spartacus Educational. Accessed
26 June 2005.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.