Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Hermosillo
native_name = Ciudad Hermosillo
nickname = La Ciudad del Sol (The City of the Sun)

imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Sonora State Governmental Palace


image_shield = HMO.jpg

mapsize = 220px
map_caption = Location of Hermosillo in Mexico
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Mexico
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Sonora
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Ernesto Gandara Camou
(PRI party)
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1741
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 707,890 inh.
population_density_km2 =
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
timezone = Mountain Time
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = Daylight Time does not apply
utc_offset_DST =
latd = 29| latm=05 | lats=56 | latNW=N
longd = 110 | longm=57 | longs=15 | longNW=W
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code = 83000 (Center)
website = http://www.hermosillo.gob.mx
footnotes =

Hermosillo is the capital of the Mexican state of Sonora. It is centrally located within the state at coord|29|5|N|110|57|W| and is within several hundred miles of several other major Mexican cities, such as Tijuana and Mexicali, and U.S. cities such as Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona. The city's official 2005 census population was 641,791. It is the municipal seat of the surrounding Hermosillo municipality, with a population of 701,838, and a much larger area, the largest in the state and ninth-largest in Mexico at 14,880.2 km² (5,745.3 sq mi) and including the largest island in Mexico, Tiburón Island.

Industry is an important part of the city's economy. 114 companies have plants in the city, employing thousands of workers. Ford Motor Company has a plant there, assembling the Ford Fusion, Lincoln MKZ, and the Mercury Milan. A major expansion of the plant was recently completed. This plant had formerly built the Ford Escort, Mercury Tracer, Ford Contour, Mercury Mystique, and other models. The city is served by Ignacio L. Pesqueira International Airport (airport code HMO).

Commerce in Hermosillo is in bloom, with nearly a dozen malls, including Plaza Sendero and Plaza El Sahuaro. Commerce is actually building on the zones of Blvd. José María Morelos and by Paseo Vado Del Río.


Centered on the Plaza Zaragoza, Hermosillo's origin traces back to 1700, when several villages were founded on lands previously inhabited by Native Americans.The official foundation of the city comes in 1741 by orders of the Viceroy of New Spain to create "El presidio de Pitic." In 1783 it came to be named the Villa de Pitic, but on September 5, 1828, it was renamed Hermosillo in honor of general José María González de Hermosillo who in 1810 fought for the independence of Mexico in the state of Sinaloa. On April 26, 1879, the city was named the capital of Sonora, and that declaration was confirmed in article 28 of the state constitution, written on September 15, 1917.

The latter half of the 1800s were turbulent years for the city – on October 14, 1852, Gastón Rousset Boulbón led anti-government fighters to victory against the national army, but soon left the city. On May 4, 1866, republican troops under Ángel Martínez took the city from imperial forces under Jose María Tranquilino Almada. Just a few hours later, however, the imperialists retook the city. Later that year, a similar capturing and recapturing of the city occurred. Even during this time, the city continued developing – on November 4, 1881, a rail line between Hermosillo and the city of Guaymas went into operation, and by the end of the 19th century, the city had a population of 14,000 and thriving commerce and agriculture.

During the Mexican Revolution, Hermosillo was the capital of Mexico for five months, as it was the location of the meeting of Venustiano Carranza's war cabinet. Later, on November 18, 1915, the city was attacked by revolutionary Francisco Villa, but he was defeated.


As of the census of 2005 there were 641,791 people living in the city of Hermosillo and 701,838 people living in the municipality of Hermosillo.

Higher education

*Tecnológico de Monterrey (ITESM), Campus Sonora Norte [http://www.her.itesm.mx]
*Universidad de Sonora [http://www.uson.mx]
*Universidad de Hermosillo [http://www.udeh.us]
*Instituto Tecnologico de Hermosillo [http://www.ith.mx]
*Universidad Tecnológica de Hermosillo (UTH) [http://www.uthermosillo.edu.mx]
*Centro de Estudios Tecnológicos (CETEC) [http://www.grupocetec.com]
*Instituto de Ciencias y Educación Superior [http://www.ices.edu.mx]
*Universidad del Valle de México (formerly Universidad del Noroeste) [http://www.hermosillo.uvmnet.edu]
*Universidad Kino [http://www.unikino.mx]
*Centro de Estudios Superiores del Estado de Sonora (CESUES) [http://www.cesues.edu.mx]
*Universidad del Noroeste
*El Colegio de Sonora [http://www.colson.edu.mx]
*Universidad TecMilenio, Campus Hermosillo
*Centro de Investigación en Alimentos y Desarrollo (CIAD) [http://www.ciad.mx]
*Instituto de Capacitación para el Trabajo de Sonora (ICATSON) [http://www.icatson.gob.mx]
*Colegio Nacional de Capacitación Intensiva (CNCI) [http://www.cnci.com.mx]
*Senda 2000 [http://www.senda2000.com.mx]
*Universidad del Desarrollo Profesional (UNIDEP) [http://www.unidep.edu.mx]
*Escuela Normal del Estado "Profr. Jesús Manuel Bustamante Mungarro" [http://www.enesonora.edu.mx]
*Colegio Nacional de Educación Profesional Técnica (CONALEP) [http://www.conalepsonora.edu.mx]


The city's baseball team is the Naranjeros de Hermosillo. The city had an American Basketball Association team, the Hermosillo Seris. On January 26, 2007 the Naranjeros won their 14th title in history, the team with the most titles in the Mexican Pacific League (LMP).

Notable people

*Erubiel Durazo. Professional Baseball Player.
*Elmer Dessens. Relief pitcher was currently playing for the Atlanta Braves.
*Yuridia. Mexican Singer.
*Yahir. Singer, Actor.
*Elsa Benítez. Supermodel.
*Bill Meléndez, Animator.
*Jesús Salvador Larios Ibarra, National Action Party Founder (PAN).

ister cities

Hermosillo has two sister cities: [Sister Cities information obtained from the [http://www.sister-cities.org/ Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI)] ." Retrieved on June 10, 2006.]

*flagicon|USA Phoenix, Arizona, USA
*flagicon|USA Irvine, California, USA


* [http://www.inegi.gob.mx/est/contenidos/espanol/sistemas/conteo2005/localidad/iter/ Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005] INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
* [http://www.e-local.gob.mx/wb2/ELOCAL/EMM_sonora Sonora] Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

External links

*es icon [http://www.hermosillo.gob.mx/ Ayuntamiento de Hermosillo] Official website
*es icon [http://www.hermosillo.gob.mx/educacion.asp Instituciones de Educación Superior] Official website
* [http://www.gotosonora.com/hermosillo-son-mx.htm Hermosillo tourist information, Sonora State Government] Official website
* [http://www.citymayors.com/mayors/hermosillo-mayor.html CityMayors' profile of Hermosillo mayor]

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