Biophony (aka ecological soundscapes) is the sound all animals make at a given location absent humans and man-made machines. The term was coined by Dr.
Bernie Krause.cite web |title=How Man-Made Noise May Be Altering Earth's Ecology |author=Clive Thompson |publisher=Wired Magazine |url=http://www.wired.com/science/planetearth/magazine/16-06/st_thompson |date=2008-05-19 |accessdate=2008-05-31] The sound nature makes is usually recorded via acousticreflection. The study of ecological soundscapes is called acoustic ecology.
The opposite of biophony is
anthrophony, i.e., man-made noise (also coined by Dr. Krause).
* Krause, B. "Into a Wild Sanctuary," Heyday Books, Berkeley, California, 1998
* Krause, B. "Wild Soundscapes: Discovering the Voice of the Natural World," Wilderness Press, Berkeley, California, 2002
* Krause, B. "Loss of Natural Soundscape: Global Implications of Its Effect on Humans and Other Creatures," Speech given to World Affairs Council, San Francisco, California, 31 January 2001.
* Gage, S., Krause, B. "Measuring and Interpreting Acoustics In Four Landscapes In Sequoia National Park," (in press).
* [http://www.wildsanctuary.com/ Wild Sanctuary] — online database of natural sounds. Created by Dr. Bernie Krause.
* [http://interact.uoregon.edu/Medialit/wfae/library/newsletter/index.html World Forum For Acoustic Ecology: Soundscape Newsletter Archive]
* [http://homepage.mac.com/kendallwrightson/ae/aecology.html An Introduction To Acoustic Ecology]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.