Émeric Crucé

Émeric Crucé

Émeric Crucé [Émeric de la Croix, Emericus Cruceus] (1590-1648) was a French political writer, known for the "Nouveau Cynée" (1623), a pioneer work on international relations.

Life

Little specific is known about him. He taught in a college in Paris, and is said to have been a monk, supposed to have been from a humble background. [ [http://www.europeanspirit.gr/biblioteca/rougemont_europe.html European Spirit - Biblioteca Europeana - Denis de Rougemont: "Europe Unites" ] ] .

The “New Cyneas”

The "Nouveau Cynée ou Discours d'Estat représentant les occasions et moyens d'establir une paix générale et la liberté de commerce pour tout le monde" takes its name from Cyneas, a diplomat-statesman of the ancient world, active around 300 BC, and known for his emphasis on peace. Crucé made peace central to his philosophical and political thought.

He is pacifist in tone, and envisages an international body to maintain peace. It should be a permanent gathering princes, or their representatives, in session at Venice; its task would be to resolve disputes. Radically, the suggestion is that the Islamic powers would participate [
John Bagnell Bury, "The Idea of Progress" (2004 reprint), p. 88.
] , in this permanent peace congress; Crucé's thinking runs along the lines of a common humanity [Darren J. O'Byrne, "The Dimensions of Global Citizenship: Political Identity Beyond the Nation-state" (2003), p. 64.] .

His system relies on a measure of free trade [ [http://www.globalpolicy.org/reform/intro/1999jinx.htm A Brief History of the Quest for Peace ] ] , and proposes a single currency, and standardized weights and measures. There is an emphasis on social and economic objectives, and public spending.

Crucé's ideas are in sharp contrast to those of Jean Bodin, based on national sovereignty and the acceptance of war.

Notes


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emeric Cruce — Émeric Crucé Émeric Crucé ou Émeric de la Croix (1590 ? 1648) est un moine français, des rares éléments connus le concernant on peut le supposer d’origine modeste. Il enseigna dans un collège parisien dans cette période qui suit les guerres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Émeric Crucé — ou Émeric de la Croix (1590 ? 1648), fils d un ancien ligueur, Odin Crucé, est un moine français, des rares éléments connus le concernant on peut le supposer d’origine modeste. Il enseigna dans un collège parisien dans cette période qui suit …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emeric Cruce — Émeric Crucé (* um 1590; † 1648) war französischer Mönch und Mathematiklehrer an einem Pariser Kollegium. Er verfasste den ersten Friedensplan, der nicht nur den Frieden in Europa, sondern in der ganzen Welt zum Ziel hatte. Das kleine Buch, das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Émeric Crucé — Le Novveav Cynée (Neuauflage 1909) Émeric Crucé genannt Émeric Lacroix (* um 1590; † 1648) war französischer Mönch und Mathematiklehrer an einem Pariser Kollegium. Er verfasste den ersten Friedensplan, der nicht nur den Frieden in Europa, sondern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emeric Crucé (1590-1648) — Émeric Crucé Émeric Crucé ou Émeric de la Croix (1590 ? 1648) est un moine français, des rares éléments connus le concernant on peut le supposer d’origine modeste. Il enseigna dans un collège parisien dans cette période qui suit les guerres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crucé — Émeric Crucé (* um 1590; † 1648) war französischer Mönch und Mathematiklehrer an einem Pariser Kollegium. Er verfasste den ersten Friedensplan, der nicht nur den Frieden in Europa, sondern in der ganzen Welt zum Ziel hatte. Das kleine Buch, das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crucé, Émeric — ▪ French author born c. 1590 died 1648       French writer, perhaps a monk, pioneer advocate of international arbitration. Crucé s principal work, Le Nouveau Cynée (1623; The New Cyneas of Émeric Crucé, 1909), in which he represented himself in… …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Cr — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peace congress — A peace congress, in international relations, has at times been defined in a way that would distinguish it from a peace conference (usually defined as a diplomatic meeting to decide on a peace treaty), as an ambitious forum to carry out dispute… …   Wikipedia

  • Peace Congresses — • Meetings of representatives of different nations to obtain a peaceful settlement of differences Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Peace Congresses     Peace Congresses   …   Catholic encyclopedia

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