ANPA-1312 is a 7-bit
news agencytext markup specification published by the Newspaper Association of America, designed to standardize the content and structure of text news articles.
It was last modified in 1989 and is still the most common method of transmitting news to newspapers, web sites and broadcasters from news agencies in North and South America. Although the specification provides for 1200 bit-per-second transmission speeds, modern transmission technology removes any speed limitations.
metadatafields and a series of control and other special characters, ANPA 1312 was designed to feed text stories to both teleprinters and computer-based news editing systems.
Although the specification was based upon the
7-bit ASCII character set, some characters were declared to be replaced by traditional newspaper characters, e.g. small fractions and typesettingcode. As such, it was a bridge between older typesetting methods, newspaper traditions and newer technology.
Perhaps the best known part of ANPA-1312 was the "category code" system, which allowed articles to be categorized by a single letter. For example, sports articles were assigned category S, and articles about politics were assigned P. Many newspapers found the system convenient and sorted both incoming
news agencyand staff articles by ANPA-1312 categories.
Superseded in the early 1990s by
IPTC Information Interchange Modeland later by the XML-based News Industry Text Format, ANPA-1312's popularity in North America remains strong due, in part, to its widespread support by The Associated Pressand the reluctance of newspapers to invest in new computers or software modifications.
A modified version — but with the same name — was implemented by several news agencies after the vendor of some early computer systems modified the specification for its own purposes.
An international standard,
IPTC 7901, is widely used in Europe and is closely related to ANPA-1312.
* [http://www.naa.org/ Newspaper Association of America]
* [http://www.iptc.org/ International Press Telecommunications Council]
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