- Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum
Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum is a proposed art
museumin the city of Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania. On April 8 2008an international jury named Zaha Hadid, a British-Iraqi architect, the winner of the international design competition for the museum.cite web|publisher=Bloomberg News|url=http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aB1F5bbX10VM|title=Zaha Hadid to Design Planned Museum in Lithuania|accessdate=2008-05-24] The museum is scheduled to open in 2011.
As envisioned in 2008, Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum will present
exhibitions of new media art, parts of the New York Cityanthology film archive, and Fluxusart. The Fluxus art movement flourished in New York during the 1960s, and was led by Lithuanian-born artist Jurgis Mačiūnas. Another important part of the exhibition will be a collection of works by Lithuanian avant-garde film maker Jonas Mekas. These works are currently held by the Jonas Mekas Visual Arts Center. Collections from Saint Petersburg's Hermitage Museumand New York City's Guggenheim Museumwill be on display as well.
It is estimated that the museum may cost up to 170 million litas (75 million USD).cite web|publisher=Lrt.lt|url=http://www.lrt.lt/news.php?strid=5044&id=4465893|title=Gugenheimas Vilniuje: pasirinkimas iš trijų grožybių|accessdate=2008-05-24] Completion is scheduled for 2011. A
feasibility studyis being conducted to explore various aspects of the project's implementation, including market and economic impact analyses.cite web|publisher= Hermitage Museum|url=http://www.hermitagemuseum.org/html_En/11/2008/hm11_1_197.html|title=Zaha Hadid Wins Competition to Develop Design for Proposed Museum in Vilnius|accessdate=2008-05-27]
Three architects submitted their designs for the final competition:
Zaha Hadid, Massimiliano Fuksas, and Daniel Libeskind.
Daniel Libeskind, winner of the competition to rebuild the
World Trade Center, presented his work under the name "Nexus" ( [http://www.delfi.lt/archive/article.php?id=16609361 see Daniel Libeskind's visualization] ). According to Libeskind, his concept links the history of Vilniusto its present via a "Connection". He stated that "This connection is revealed through the structure, which with its wide and slashing arcades covers history and innovation, old panoramas and new skyscrapers, the city and the Neris river". Libeskind also asserted the need to connect nature and architecture: "Tightness between landscape, which turns to building, and building, which converts to landscape, ravels unheard possibility to create a sculptural form, which opens to visitor".The dominant features of Massimiliano Fuksas' project are crossed domes, which leave an impression of movement ( [http://www.delfi.lt/archive/article.php?id=16609154 see Massimiliano Fuksas' visualization] ). According to Fuksas, huge "eyes" looking into the sky would point and filter daylight into the building. Fuksas asserted that such design principles would allow "visitors to clearly distinguish the exposition halls from other spaces - restaurants and shops - and provide comfortable access to the river." The center of the building would be reserved for permanent Mekas and Mačiūnas collections.
Zaha Hadid, a
Pritzker Prizewinner, proposed a " mysticalobject, hovering over spindled artificial landscape strip" ( [http://www.delfi.lt/archive/article.php?id=16609322 see Zaha Hadid's visualization] ). She chose to draw a contrast between the building's forms and the verticalforms of nearby skyscrapers. The top of the building reflects surroundings of the Vilnius city. Hadid asserted that "It is especially important today to acknowledge cultural buildings, that they have unique and special morphologies. Those buildings should make an impression on people, people should accept them."
The director of the Hermitage Museum
Mikhail Piotrovsky, the director of the Solomon R. Guggenheim FoundationThomas Krens, the director of Frankfurt's Museum of Architecture Peter Schmal, and the vice-chairman of the Lithuanian Architects Union, Gintaras Čaikauskas, were members of the jury that evaluated the designs. Lithuanian Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilasand Vilnius Mayor Juozas Imbrasasalso participated in the decision-making process.cite web|publisher= delfi.lt|url= http://www.delfi.lt/archive/article.php?id=16606948|title=Guggenheimo muziejaus Vilniuje konkursą laimėjo Z.Hadid|accessdate=2008-05-24]
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